Programs in education and job hiring that recruit minorities over a wide range but do not use rigid quotas, or those that use admissions slots for minorities in education and set aside contracts in the economy.
the belief or behavior that defines Jewish people as inferior and that targets them for stereotyping, mistreatment, and act of hatred.
process by which a minority becomes socially, economically, and culturally absorbed within the dominant society.
a pesonality characterized by a tendency to rigidly categorize people and to submit to authority, rigidly conform, and be intolerant of ambiguity.
a subtle, nonobvious, or covert form of racism.
Ignoring, legitimate racial ethnic, cultural, and other differences between groups.
The theory that prejudice will be reduced through social interaction with those of different race or ethnicity but of equal status.
Pattern whereby groups maintain their distinctive culture and history
overt negative and unequal treatment of the members of some social group or stratum solely because of their membership in that group or stratum
the group that assigns a racial or ethnic group to subordinate status in society.
a social category of people who share a common culture, such as a common language or dialect, a common religion, and common norms, practices, and customs.
the belief that one's ingroup is superior to all out-groups
Forms of Racism
types of racism such as old fashioned racism, aversive racism, laissez faire racism, color blind racism, and others
a pattern of extreme segregation
racism involving notions of racial or ethnic inferiority that have become ingrained into society's institutions
negative sterotyping of minorities, and blaming minorities themselves for economic, occupational, and educational lack of achievement.
any distinct group in society that shares common group characteristics and is forced to occupy low status in society because of prejudice and discrimination
Out-Group Homogeneity Effect
the tendency to percieve members of an out group as identical in various characteristics.
the negative evaluation of a social group, and individuals within that group, based upon conceptions held about the group despite facts that contradict them.
a social category, or social construction, that we treat as distinct on the basis of certain characteristics, some biological, that have been assigned social importance in the society
the process by which groups come to be defined as a race through social institutions such as the law and schools
a process whereby some social category such as social class or nationality takes on what are perceived in society to be race characteristics.
the perception and treatment of a racial or ethnic group, or member of that group, as intellectually, socially, and culturally inferior to one's own group
the spatial separations of racial and ethnic groups in different residential areas.
categorizing people on the basis of what initially appears prominent about them.
argument that dominatn group aggression is directed toward a minority as a substitute for frustration with some other problem.
the spatial and social separation of racial and ethnic groups
an oversimplified set of beliefs about the members of a social group or social statum that is used to categorize individuals of that group
the principle that negative sterotypes are interchangeable from one racial group, or gender, or social class, to another.
a grouping of people, largely minority and poor, who live at the absolute bottom of the socioeconomic ladder in urban areas.