The Urinary System and Body Fluids

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Author:
ebony09
ID:
89721
Filename:
The Urinary System and Body Fluids
Updated:
2011-06-07 20:33:52
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Anatomy
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  1. Substance formed in the blood by the action of the renal enzyme renin; it increases the blood pressure by causing a vascular constriction and stimulating the release of aldosterone from the adrenal cortex
    angiotensin
  2. Hormone released from the posterior pituitary gland that increases water reabsorption in the kidneys, thus describing the urinary output
    antiduretic hormone (ADH)
  3. Substance that prevents sharp changes in the PH of solution
    buffer
  4. Compound that seperates into ions in solution; substance that conducts an electrical current in solution
    electrolyte
  5. Hormone released from the kidney that stimulates red blood cell production in the red bone marrow
    erythropoietin
  6. Removal and elimination of metabolic waste products from the blood
    excretion
  7. Outside the cell
    extracellular
  8. Fluid and dissolved materials that leave the blood and enter the kidney nephron through the glomerular (Bowman) capsule
    glomerular filtrate
  9. Cluster of the capillaries in the nephron's glomerular (Bowman) capsule
    glomerulus
  10. Between, pertaining to an organ's spaces or structures between active tissue
    interstitial
  11. Between cells
    intracellular
  12. Organ of excretion
    kidney
  13. Act of urination; voiding of the urinary bladder
    micturition
  14. Microscopic functional unit of the kidney
    nephron
  15. Symbol indicating hydrogen ion (H+) concentration; scale that measures the relative acidity and alkalinity (bascity) of a solution
    pH
  16. Enzyme released from the kidneys juxtaglomerular appartus that indirectly increases blood pressure by activating angiotensin
    renin
  17. Nitrogenous waste product excreted in the urine; end product of protein metabolism
    urea
  18. Tube that carries urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder
    ureter
  19. Tube that carries urine from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body
    urethra
  20. Hollow organ that stores urine until it is eliminated
    urinary bladder
  21. Liquid waste excreted by the kidneys
    urine

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