Ch 19

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  1. Bretton Woods System
    International financial system devised shortly before the end of WW II that created the World Bank and the International Monterary Fund.
  2. Cuban Missile Crisis
    The 1962 confrontation over the deployment of ballistic missiles in Cuba that nearly escalated into war between the U.S. and the Soviet Union
  3. Detente
    The inprovement in relations between the U.S. and the Soviet Union that occurred during the 1970s
  4. Embargo Act
    Legislation passed by Congress in 1809 to prevent U.S. ships from leaving U.S. ports without the approval of the federal gov.
  5. General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)
    Post-World War II economic development program designed to help facilitate international trade negotiations and promote free trade.
  6. human rights
    The protection of people's basic freedoms and needs.
  7. International Monetary Fund (IMF)
    International government organization created shortly before the end of WW II to stabalize international currency transactions.
  8. isolationism
    a national policy of avoiding participation in foreign affairs.
  9. Joint Chiefs of Staff
    (Martin Dempsey) Military advisory body that includes the Army chief of staff, the Air Force chief of staff, the chief of naval operations, the Marine commandant
  10. manifest destiny
    Theory that the United Stateswas divinely mandated to expand across North America to the Pacific Ocean.
  11. Marshall Plan
    European collective reecovery program, named after secretary of state George C. Marshall, that provided extensive American aid to Western Europe after WW II.
  12. Monroe Doctrine
    President James Monroe's 1823 pledge that the U.S. would oppose attempts by European states to extend their political control into Western Hemisphere.
  13. North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
    Agreement that promotes free movement of goods and services among Canada, Mexico, and the US
  14. North AtlanticTreaty Organization (NATO)
    The first peacetime military treaty joined by the US; NATO is a collective security pact between the United States and Western Europe.
  15. protectionism
    A trade policy wherein a country closes off its markets to foreign goods.
  16. Reagen Doctrine
    The Reagan administration's commitment to ending communism by providing military assistance to anti-communist groups.
  17. war on terrorism
    An international action, initiated by President George W. Bush after the 9/11 attacks, to weed out terrorist operatives throughout the world.
  18. World Bank
    International governmental organization created shortly before the end of WW II to provide loans for large economic development projects.
  19. World Trade Organization (WTO)
    An international organization created in 1995 to supervise and open international trade.
  20. Tariffs
    Taxes on imported goods.
Card Set:
Ch 19
2011-06-08 00:52:42
Foreign Defense Policy

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