Sociolgoy chapter 12
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Sociolgoy chapter 12
Chapter 12 sociology
Key Terms from Chapter 12
explanations that attribute complex social phenomena to physical characterstics
the principle of paying women and men equivalent wages for jobs involving similar levels of skill.
overt negative and unequal treatment of the members of some social group or stratum solely because of their membership in that group or stratum.
a theoretical perspective that interprets gender as something that is accomplished through the ongoing social interactions people have with one another.
Dual Labor Market Theory
theroetical description of the occupational system defining it as divided into two major segments the primary labor market and the secondary labor market
beliefs and actions that attempt to bring justice, fairness, and equity to all women, regardless of their race, age, class, sexual orientation, or other characteristics
socially learned expectatins and behaviors associated with members of each sex.
one's definition of self as a woman or man.
the distribution of men and women in different jobs in the labor force
the process by which men and women learn the expectations associated with their sex
the hierarchical distribution of social and economic resources according to gender.
the idea that whole institutions are patterned by gender
popular concept referring to the limits that women and minorities experience in job mobiltiy
a condition produced when irregularities in chromosome formation or fetal differentiation produce persons with mixed sex characteristics.
the fear and hatred of homosexuality
Human Capital Theory
a theory that explains differences in wages as the result of differences in the individual characteristics of the workers.
a belief system that tries to explain and justify the status quo
Index of Dissimilarity
a measure used to indicate the number of workers who would have to change jobs to have the same occupation distribution as the comparison group.
Labor Force Participation Rate
the percentage of those in a given category who are employed.
a feminist theoretical perspective asserting that the origin of women's inequality is in traditions of the past that pose barriers to women's advancement
a society or group in which women have power over men.
form of feminist theory noting the exclusion of women of color from other forms of theory and centering its analysis in the experiences of all women.
the pattern by which workers are separated into different occupations on the basis of social characteristics such as race and gender.
a society or group in which men have power over women.
feminist theoretical perspective that interprets patriarchy as the primary cause of women's oppression
used to refer to biological identity as male or female
a system of practices and beliefs through which women are controlled and exploited becaus of the significance given to differences between the sexes.
a feminist theoretical perspective that interprets the origins of women's oppression as lying in the system of capitalism.
the federal law that prohibits gender discrimination in any educational institution that recieves federal funds.