Card Set Information

2011-06-08 06:18:56

Show Answers:

  1. What part of the brain is in charge of these functions: timing, sequencing, language, motor, balance, & posture?
    Cerebrum (Telecephalon)
  2. What brain structure is made up of the gray cellular mantle (1-4mm thick) covering the entire surface of the cerebral hemispheres, grooves on the brain surface called "sulci"?
    Cerebral Cortex
  3. What is the function of the basal ganglia?
    Motor & learning functions (no clear single function can be assigned to the basal ganglia.
  4. What parts of the brain make up the limbic system?
    • Hippocampus
    • Amygdala
    • Thalamus
    • Hypothalamus
  5. What brain structure controls autonomic functions (breathing & heartbeat), relay nerve messages from the brain to the spinal cord, processing of inter-aural time differences for sound localization, controls sneeze-cough, swallow-, such-reflex, & vomiting?
    Medulla Oblongata
  6. TRUE or FALSE

    The primary brain areas consists of the following: Cerebrum, Brainstem, & Cerebellum
  7. What brain areas make up the brain stem?
    • Medulla oblongata
    • Pons
    • Mid-brain
  8. What part of the brain supports higher brain functions such as language, reading, & processes information?
    Cerebral cortex
  9. What brain area is made up of a network that extends from the lower brainstem up to the thalamus & controls autonomic & endocrine functions, alertness & sleep, & non-specific nuclei?
    Reticular formation
  10. What part of the brain is in charge of vision, hearing, eye movement, & body movement?
  11. What part of the brain is located in the temporal lobe & is involved with emotional regulation, learning & memory, & where unconscious traumatic memories (phobias & flashbacks) are likely stored?
    • a) Amygdala
    • b) Thalamus
    • c) Hippocampus

    Explanation: The correct answer is a) Amygdala
  12. This part of the brain is the major route for communication between the forebrain, spinal cord, & peripheral nerves. It also controls various functions including respiration, regulation of heart rhythms, blood pressure, & primary aspects of sound localization?
  13. What area of the brain consists of 4 ventricles (right & left & 3rd & 4th ventricles) and are cavities in the brain filled with CSF (cerebro-spinal fluid)? Its function is to bathe & cushion the brain.
    Ventricular system
  14. This part of the brain is located in the temporal lobe & is involved in formation & consolidation of new long term memories particularly personal ones navigational memories.
  15. What part of the brain relays sensory information between the cerebellum & cerebrum & may have a role in dreaming?
  16. What part of the brain is a collection of subcortical nuclei & its function is associated with motor & learning functions?
    Basal ganglia
  17. This part of the brain relay stations for nerve impulses carrying sensory information into the brain, & modulates sensory signals to & from the cortex.
  18. What brain area is made up of a system of membranes that envelop the central nervous system comprised of 3 layers, the pia mater (inner), arachnoid (middle), & dura mater (outer). Its functions is the capillaries within the pia mater are responsible for nourishing the brain, & all 3 layers are protective.
    The Meninges
  19. What area of the brain is involved with the connection of the cortical regions within one hemisphere & the projection of fibers to or from the cortex to other structures?
    Subcortical White Matter
  20. What brain area is involved with the integration of sensory perception & motor output, proprioception, paying attention, & thinking?
  21. What is the function of the limbic system?
    • Motivation
    • Emotion
    • Memory
  22. What part of the brain regulates metabolic processes & other autonomic activities, links the nervous system to the endocrine system by synthesizing & secreting neurohormones, hormonal regulation, homeostasis, hunger/thirst, motivation, body temperature, & circadian cycles?