Passé Composé and Pluperfect

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Author:
lhawkins
ID:
89916
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Passé Composé and Pluperfect
Updated:
2011-11-24 06:11:25
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French Conjugation Passé Composé pluperfect
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Description:
French Conjugation of Verbs in the Passé Composé and Pluperfect
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  1. How do you create the passé composé verb structure?

    • Use an auxiliary verb (avoir or être) plus the past participle of the verb

    • Note: The past participle does NOT agree with subject in gender and number using avoir, but DOES agree with the subject in gender and number when using être.

  2. Conjugate avoir.

    • j’ai

    • tu as

    • il as

    • nous avons

    • vous avez

    • ils ont

  3. Conjugate être.

    • je suis

    • tu es

    • il est

    • nous sommes

    • vous êtes

    • ils sont

  4. How do you change verbs to the past participle in French ?

    • Use an auxiliary verb (avoir or être) plus the past participle

    • -er verbs

    • change the –er of the infinitive to é
    • -ir verbs

    • change the –ir of the infinitive to i
    • -re verbs

    • change the –re of the infinitive to u
  5. Which verbs are conjugated using the verb être?

    • Arriver - je suis arrivé(e)

    • Descendre – je suis descendu(e)

    • Entrer – je suis entré(e)

    • Monter – je suis monté(e)

    • Partir – je suis parti(e)

    • Rentrer – je suis rentré(e)

    • Rester – je suis resté(e)

    • Retourner – je suis retourneé(e)

    • Sortir – je suis sorti(e)

    • Tomber – je suis tombé(e)

    • Venir – je suis venu(e)

    • Note : Use verb avoir when verb has a direct object

  6. What is the past participle of apprendre?
    appris
  7. What is the past participle of atteindre (to reach/attain)?
    atteint
  8. What is the past participle of avoir?
    eu
  9. What is the past participle of boire?
    bu
  10. What is the past participle of comprendre?
    compris
  11. What is the past participle of conduire?
    conduit
  12. What is the past participle of connaître?
    connu
  13. What is the past participle of construire?

    construit
  14. What is the past participle of courir?
    couru
  15. What is the past participle of couvrir?
    couvert
  16. What is the past participle of craindre?
    craint
  17. What is the past participle of croire?
    cru
  18. What is the past participle of cuire (to cook)?
    cuit
  19. What is the past participle of découvrir?
    Découvert
  20. What is the past participle of devoir?

  21. What is the past participle of dire?

    dit
  22. What is the past participle of
    écrire?

    Écrit

  23. What is the past participle of être?

    été

  24. What is the past participle of faire?
    fait
  25. What is the past participle of instruire?
    instruit
  26. What is the past participle of joindre?
    joint
  27. What is the past participle of lire?
    lu
  28. What is the past participle of mettre?
    mis
  29. What is the past participle of ouvrir?
    ouvert
  30. What is the past participle of paraître ?
    paru
  31. What is the past participle of peindre (paint)?
    peint
  32. What is the past participle of pouvoir?
    pu
  33. What is the past participle of prendre?
    pris
  34. What is the past participle of produire?
    produit
  35. What is the past participle of recevoir?
    reçu
  36. What is the past participle of savoir?
    su
  37. What is the past participle of souffrir?
    souffert
  38. What is the past participle of suivre?
    suivi
  39. What is the past participle of tenir?
    tenu
  40. What is the past participle of venir?
    venu
  41. What is the past participle of vivre?

    vécu

  42. What is the past participle of voir?
    vu
  43. What is the past participle of vouloir?
    voulu
  44. What is the past participle of offrir?
    offert
  45. What is the past participle of nuire?
    nui
  46. What is the past participle of naître?

    né(e)

  47. What is the pluperfect (le plus-que-parfait) and how is it formed?
    • It labels a past event that was completed before another past event occurred.
    • It is formed by taking the imperfect tense of the auxiliary verbs avoir or être + the past participle.
  48. Conjugate parler, finir, and vendre in PQP.
    • J’avais parlé, fini, vendu

    • Tu avais parlé, fini, vendu

    • Il avait parlé, fini, vendu

    • Nous avions parlé, fini, vendu

    • Vous aviez parlé, fini, vendu

    • Ils avaient parlé, fini, vendu

  49. Conjugate partir, rentrer, and aller in PQP.
    • J’étais parti(e), rentré(e), allé(e)
    • Tu étais parti(e), rentré(e), allé(e)
    • Il /elle était parti(e), rentré(e), allé(e)
    • On était parti(s/es), rentré(s/es), allé(s/es)
    • Nous étions parti(e)s, rentré(e)s, allé(e)s
    • Vous étiez parti(e)(s), rentré(e)(s), allé(e)(s)
    • Ils étaient partis, rentrés, allés
    • Elles étaient parties, rentrées, allées

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