A system that assists dispatchers in selecting appropriate units to respond to a particular call for assistance and in providing callers with vital instructions until the arrival of EMS crews.
Emergency Medical Dispatch (EMD)
A system of internal and external reviews and audits of all aspects of an EMS system.
Continuous Quality Improvement
The physician who authorizes or delegates to the EMT the authority to provide medical care in the field.
A multidisciplinary system that represents the combined efforts of several professionals and agencies to provide prehospital emergency care to the sick and injured.
Emergency Medical Services (EMS)
Federal legislation passed in 1996. Its main effect in EMS is in limiting availability of patients'' health care information and penalizing violations of patient privacy.
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPPA)
Comprehensive legislation that is designed to protect individuals with disabilities against discrimination.
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
Advanced lifesaving procedures, some of which are now being provided by the EMT-B.
Advanced Life Support (ALS)
The first trained individual, such as a police officer, fire fighter, lifeguard, or other rescuer, to arrive at the scene of an emergency to provide initial medical assistance.
A medical professional who is trained and certified/licensed by his or her state to provide emergency life support prior to or with more advanced medical providers.
Emergency Medical Technician (EMT)
An EMT who has training in basic life support, including automated external defibrillation, use of a definitive airway adjunct, and assisting patients with certain medications.
Physician instructions that are given directly by radio or cell phone (online/direct) or indirectly by protocol/guidelines (off-line/indirect), as authorized by the medical director of the service program.
The responsibility of the medical director to ensure that the appropriate medical care standards are met by EMT-Bs on each call.
A device that detects treatable life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias (ventricular fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia) and delivers the appropriate electrical shock to the patient.
automated external defibrillator (AED)
An EMT who has training in specific aspects of advanced life support, such as IV (intravenous) therapy, interpretation of cardiac rhythms and defibrillation, and orotracheal intubation.
An EMT who has extensive training in advanced life support, including IV (intravenous) therapy, pharmacology, cardiac monitoring, and other advanced assessment and treatment skills.
The delivery of medication directly into a vein.
The designated area in which the EMS service is responsible for the provision of prehospital emergency care and transportation to the hospital.