Compound Tenses: The Pluperfect; the Future Perfect; the Conditional Perfect

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lhawkins
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89933
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Compound Tenses: The Pluperfect; the Future Perfect; the Conditional Perfect
Updated:
2011-11-24 06:14:15
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French verb conjugation Pluperfect Future Perfect Conditional
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French verb conjugation: Compound tenses
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  1. What is the Pluperfect (le plus-que-parfait PQP) and how is it formed?
    The pluperfect is like the English "had done something". It labels a past event that was completed before another past event occurred.

    The pluperfect consists of the imperfect of the auxiliary verb avoir or être + the past participle.

    • The past participle follows the same agreement
    • rules as in the passé compose.
  2. Conjugate parler, finir, and vendre in the pluperfect (PQP) tense.
    • J’avais parlé, fini, vendu

    • Tu avais parlé, fini, vendu

    • Il avait parlé, fini, vendu

    • Nous avions parlé, fini, vendu

    • Vous aviez parlé, fini, vendu

    • Ils avaient parlé, fini, vendu

  3. Conjugate partir, rentrer, and aller in the pluperfect (PQP) tense.
    • J’étais parti(e), rentré(e), allé(e)

    • Tu étais parti(e), rentré(e), allé(e)

    • Il /elle était parti(e), rentré(e), allé(e)

    • On était parti(s/es), rentré(s/es), allé(s/es)

    • Nous étions parti(e)s, rentré(e)s, allé(e)s

    • Vous étiez parti(e)(s), rentré(e)(s), allé(e)(s)

    • Ils étaient partis, rentrés, allés

    • Elles étaient parties, rentrées, allées

  4. What is the Future Perfect and how is it formed?
    • The future perfect expresses the idea "will have...". It indicates and event that will be completed in the future before another even occurs, or an event taht will be completed before some point of time in the future.
    • Note: The simple future tense does not necessarily express the completion of the action -- just that it takes place in the future.
    • Examples:





    Ils seront tous partis avant la tombée de la nuit.





    • On passera le voir quand il se sera

    • levé.





    • Je

    • te dirai ce qui se passe dès que j’aurai
    • appris quelque chose.
  5. Conjugate parler, finir, and vendre in the future perfect tense.
    • J’aurai parlé, fini, vendu

    • Tu auras parlé, fini, vendu

    • Il aura parlé, fini, vendu

    • Nous aurons parlé, fini, vendu

    • Vous aurez parlé, fini, vendu

    • Ils auront parlé, fini, vendu

  6. Conjugate partir, finir, vendre in the future perfect.
    • Je serai parti(e), rentré(e), allé(e)

    • Tu seras parti(e), rentré(e), allé(e)

    • Il /elle sera parti(e), rentré(e), allé(e)

    • On sera parti(s/es), rentré(s/es), allé(s/es)

    • Nous serons parti(e)s, rentré(e)s, allé(e)s

    • Vous serez parti(e)(s), rentré(e)(s), allé(e)(s)

    • Ils seront partis, rentrés, allés

    • Elles

    • seront parties, rentrées, allées
  7. What is the Conditional Perfect and how is it formed?
    • The conditional perfect expresses the idea "would have...". It labels actions that did not take place, but that would have or could have taken place if crtain conditions had been met.
    • The conditional perfect tense consists of the conditional of the auxiliary verbs avoir or être + the past participle. The past participle follows the same agreement rules as in the passé compose.
    • Moi,
    • je n’aurais pas fait ça.
    • I wouldn’t have done that.
    • Personne ne l’aurait compris. – Nobody would have understood him.
    • Tu
    • lui aurais dit la vérité, toi ? -- Would you have told her the truth ?
  8. Conjugate the verbs parler, finir, and vendre in the conditional perfect.
    • J’aurais parlé, fini, vendu

    • Tu aurais parlé, fini, vendu

    • Il aurait parlé, fini, vendu

    • Nous aurions parlé, fini, vendu

    • Vous auriez parlé, fini, vendu

    • Ils auraient parlé, fini, vendu

  9. Conjugate the verbs partir, rentrer, aller in the Conditional Perfect.
    • Je

    • serais parti(e), rentré(e), allé(e)
    • Tu serais parti(e), rentré(e), allé(e)

    • Il /elle serait parti(e), rentré(e), allé(e)

    • On serait parti(s/es), rentré(s/es), allés/es)

    • Nous serions parti(e)s, rentré(e)s, allé(e)s

    • Vous seriez parti(e)(s), rentré(e)(s), allé(e)(s)

    • Ils seraient partis, rentrés, allés

    • Elles seraient parties, rentrées, allées

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