Parasitology

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Author:
MelainBee
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89971
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Parasitology
Updated:
2011-06-09 20:10:06
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Parasitology Exam VT Applied Science Term Final
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Parasitology VT 7 Applied Science
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  1. Which statement concerning animal parasites is most accurate?
    Parasitism is most severe in animals younger than 1 year of age
  2. Gastrointestinal parasites are diagnosed by examination of the
    Feces
  3. An owner asks you how her 5 week old puppy could have contracted roundworms at such a young age. You tell her that the puppy could have been infected by the
    • Transplacental (prenatal) route or
    • Transmammary route
  4. Which nematode primarily infests the host by burrowing through the skin?
    Hookworm
  5. The common name for a trematode is
    Fluke
  6. Which three intestinal parasites pass their eggs in dog feces and are commonly diagnosed by fecal flotation techniques?
    Ascarids, hookworm, whipworm
  7. "Marty" is an adult, indoor-only Siamese cat who experiences recurrent tapeworm infections. After his most recent treatment for this infection, about what did you counsel his owner to prevent another infection with this parasite?
    Flea control
  8. Dipylidium caninum in small animals is diagnosed primarily by
    Finding proglottids around the animal's anal region or bedding
  9. Which patient is LEAST likely to be shedding Toxoplasma gondii organisms?
    A 10 year old cat that has not been outside in over 8 years the owner has no other pets
  10. Albon is indicated in the treatment of
    Coccidia
  11. Of the common domestic animal species, which are infected by pinworms?
    Horses
  12. Fleas are NOT species specific and will attack many animals as well as humans (T/F)
    True
  13. In general, flea collars alone effectively control flea populations on pets (T/F)
    False
  14. The Western Black-Legged tick or deer tick is not significant because it does not transmit any disease (T/F)
    False
  15. The number of eggs or larvae found in the feces and the severity of parasitism are direactly related; that is, more eggs equals more severe disease (T/F)
    False
  16. Ticks are members of the arachnida class that includes spiders and scorpions (T/F)
    True
  17. Demodex mites live in the tunnels they burrow in the epidermis (T/F)
    False
  18. Lice are species specific (T/F)
    True
  19. Lice are laterally flattened wingless insects (T/F)
    False
  20. The Ixodidae are soft-shell ticks (T/F)
    False
  21. Flea control products containing only insect growth reagulators (IGRs) would be best for a dog with a flea allergy (T/F)
    False
  22. Amitraz (Preventic) collars are an effective method of tick prevention for dogs (T/F)
    True
  23. Ticks can cause all of the following EXCEPT
    Bubonic plague
  24. The scientific name for the dog flea is
    Ctenocephalides canis
  25. Skin scrapings are used for the detection of
    Mites
  26. Direct contact with an infested animal is usually required for transmission of
    Lice
  27. Which of the following is of zoonotic importance?
    Scabies
  28. Mites are diganosed by the morphologic appearance of the adults, which most often requires
    Thorough skin scrapings
  29. For which parasite is a direct fecal-saline smear the best diagnostic test?
    Giardia spp.
  30. Which of the following is used to detect blood microfilarial infections?
    • Direct blood smear
    • Buffy coat exam
    • Knott's technique
    • Difil filter technique
  31. Concerning canine heartworm disease, which statement is most accurate?
    Because heartworm disease is easily prevented by monthly preventive medications, it is generally considered more prudent to prevent the disease than to treat it
  32. The intermediate host for the tapeworm is the
    Flea
  33. Of the two suborders of lice, which is considered more pathogenic?
    Anoplura
  34. Which of the following parasites is a protozoa?
    Isospora canis
  35. Which of the following dewormers is effective against cestode infection?
    Praziquantel (Droncit)
  36. Which of the following dewormers is effective against nematode infection?
    Fenbendazole (Panacur)
  37. Which of the following medications is effective as a once monthly preventative for Dirofilaria immitis?
    • Ivermectin (Heartgard)
    • Selemectin (Revolution)
    • Milbemycin (Interceptor)
  38. Nonpathogenic filarial nematode of dogs
    Dipetalonema reconditum
  39. The adults inhabit the right ventricle and pulmonary arteries of infested dogs and cats
    Dirofilaria immitis
  40. The mosquito transfers the parasite from an infected to the noninfected host
    Dirofilaria immitis
  41. Diagnosed by microfilarial detection or ELISA test
    Dirofilaria immitis
  42. Lives in the ears of dogs, cats, and other related animals
    Otodectes spp.
  43. Lives in the hair follicles of dogs, cats, and other species, transmitted genetically
    Demodex spp.
  44. Lives in the dermal layer of dogs, cats, and other species, transmitted through direct contact
    Sarcoptes scabiei
  45. Lives on the epidermis of rabbits and cats, also called the "Walking Dandruff" mite
    Cheyletiella spp.
  46. Which equine parasite has larval stages that migrate through the cranial mesenteric artery and its branches?
    Strongyles valgans
  47. What is the name of the parasite that has a larval form that lives in the subcutaneous tissues and eventually emerges from a hole in the skin?
    cuterbra
  48. Name one type of fecal floatation solution
    Sodium Nitrate

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