Unit 3 Ch 18 Vocab Plus.txt

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lilnugget
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90101
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Unit 3 Ch 18 Vocab Plus.txt
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2011-06-10 18:50:45
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Ch 18 Vocab
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  1. hyperthyroidism
    overactivity of the thyroid gland; thyrotoxicosis (Graves disease is most common type)
  2. Graves disease
    most common hyperthyroidism resulting from autoimmune processes
  3. exophthalmos
    protrusion of eyeballs occurring as a result of swelling of tissue behind the eyeballs
  4. hypothyroidism
    underactivity of the thyroid gland
  5. myxedema
    advanced hypothyroidism in adulthood; atrophy of the thyroid gland occurs
  6. cretinism
    extreme hypothyroidism during infancy and childhood leads to a lack of norrmal physical and mental growth
  7. thyroid carcinoma
    cancer of the thyroid gland
  8. hyperparathyroidism
    excessive production of parathorrmone caused by hyperplasia or a tumor of the parathyroid = hypercalcemia
  9. hypoparathyroidism
    deficient production of parathyroid hormone = hypocalcemia
  10. adrenal virilism
    excessive secretion of adrenal androgens (male hormones)
  11. Cushing syndrome
    group of signs and symptoms produced by excess cortisol from the adrenal cortex (obesity, moon-face, buffalo hump, hyperglycemia, hypernatremia, hypokalemia, osteoporosis)
  12. Addison disease
    hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex
  13. pheochromocytoma
    benign tumor of the adrenal medulla; tumor cells stain a dark or dusky (phe/o) color (chrom/o)
  14. hyperinsulinism
    excess secretion of insulin causing hypoglycemia
  15. diabetes mellitus
    lack of insulin secretion or resistance of insulin in promoting sugar-starch, and fact metabolism in cells
  16. acromeglaty
    hypersecretion of growth hormone from the anterior pituitary after puberty, leading to enlargement of extremities
  17. gigantism
    hypersecretion of growth hormone from the anterior pituitary before puberty, leading to abnormal overgrowth of body tissues
  18. dwarfism
    congenital hyposecretion of growth hormone; hypopituitary dwarfism
  19. panhypopituitarism
    deficiency of all pituitary hormones
  20. syndrome of inappropriate ADH
    excessive secretion of antidiuretic hormone
  21. diabetes insipidus
    insufficient secretion of antidiuretic hormone (vasopressin)
  22. fasting plasma glucose (FPG)
    measures circulating glucose level in a patient who has fasted at least 8 hours
  23. glucosylated hemoglobin (A1c)
    measures long term (last 3 months) glucose control - high indicates poor control
  24. serum and urine tests
    measurements of hormones, electrolytes, glucose, and other substances in serum and urine as indicators of endocrine function
  25. thyroid ffunction tests
    measurment of T3, T4, and TSH in the bloodstream

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