High Yield

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mthoma98
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90132
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High Yield
Updated:
2011-06-12 10:11:27
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  1. Cocaine MI Tx
    • Benzos, Ca-Ch blocker
    • NO B-blockers
  2. HIV vaccines to get
    muscular flu, pneumo, hep A and B
  3. Hyperaldosteronism - acid base state?
    Metabolic alkalosis
  4. ADHD Tx
    amphetamine, TCA, buproprione, alpha-agonist (clonidine)
  5. Tourette's Tx
    pimizide, fluphenazine, tetrabenazine
  6. Atoxmoxetine SE
    • Liver injury
    • Increased suicide
  7. Pearly lesion of TM, hearing loss, vertigo
    Cholesteatoma
  8. Bac meningitis antibx, add dexamethasone at what age?
    6 months
  9. Phosphate binders in renal failure
    • Ca carbonate
    • Ca acetate
    • (NOT citrate)
  10. Brain abscess Tx
    • Drain it
    • Steroids
    • Vanc, ceftriaxone
  11. Triptan contraindication
    Pregnancy, Prizmetals angina, CAD
  12. Equal pressure in all heart chambers
    Constrictive pericarditis
  13. BP meds to avoid with SAH or stroke (increased ICP)
    nitroprusside, nitroglycerin
  14. Ethylene glycol antidote
    fomepizol
  15. RF, which antihypertensive is contraindicated?
    ACEI, spirinolactone
  16. DiGeorge syndrome heart defect
    truncus arteriosus, tetrology of fallot
  17. Rubella heart defect
    PDA, pulm a. stenosis
  18. Indications for parathyroidectomy?
    • Ca > 1.0 over max
    • urine Ca > 400
    • symptomatic
    • age < 50
    • GFR decreased by 30%
    • DEXA T < -2.5
  19. Lung CA, got CXR, now what?
    CT
  20. Somogyi vs. Dawn
    • 3 am glucose:
    • Somogyi - decreased glucose
    • Dawn - increased glucose
  21. anti-hypertensive for migraine patient
    B-blocker
  22. When do COPD patients get home O2?
    pO2 < 88%, polycythemia, pulm HTN, periph edema
  23. When is rifampin prophylaxis indicated for bac mening?
    close contacts of person with Hib or neisseria mening
  24. which antihypertensive gives dry mouth, sedation, severe rebound HTN?
    clonidine
  25. which antihypertensive gives reflex tachycardia?
    hydralazine
  26. which antihypertensive causes drug-induced lupus?
    hydralazine
  27. Tx for campylobacter
    erythromycin
  28. Tx for shigella
    self-limited, cipro if immunocompromised
  29. Most common vasculitis
    Temporal arteritis
  30. Meds that cause elevated prolactin
    • Anti-psychotics
    • Methyldopa
    • Verapamil
  31. Most common cause of aortic regurg in 70 yo
    aortic senile plaques/calcification
  32. HTN and hypokalemia
    Conn's disease
  33. Subendothelial humps and tram-track
    Membranoproliferative GN
  34. Glomerular dz with positive ANCA
    Crescentic GN
  35. Only BT is increased
    Aspirin
  36. LUQ pain and L shoulder pain
    Kehr's sign - splenic rupture
  37. Ecchymosis of flank
    Grey Turner sign - pancreatitis
  38. RSV bronchiolitis tx
    • albuterol
    • racemic epi
  39. Foamy macrophages on PAS stain
    Whipple dz
  40. Tx Whipple dz
    TMP-SMX for 1 yr
  41. Dementia + visual hallucinations + syncopal episodes
    Lewy body dementia
  42. EBV in Africa
    Burkitt's lymphoma (8:14)
  43. In which patients is buproprion contraindicated?
    • sz d/o, eating d/o
    • substance withdrawal
    • MAOI
  44. Dislocation of lens of eye
    Marfans, homocysteinuria, Alport
  45. 3 most common brain tumors in kids
    • Astryocytoma
    • Medulloblastoma
    • Ependyoma
  46. Vasopressor that causes renal vasodilation
    Dopamine
  47. Vasopressor that caases vasoconstriction but with bradycardia
    Phenylephrine
  48. Tx SVT due to WPW
    amiodorone, procainamine

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