Geo Module 4 Review
Card Set Information
Geo Module 4 Review
GEO module East South Asia
Review for first half of final
What is China's Population?
What is the name of the world's largest hydroelectric dam under construction?
Three Gorges Dam
What was the purposes of the Three Gorges Dam?
Control flooding and generate electricity
What are some problems the Three Gorges Dam is causing?
Threatening animal species
Flooding a major scenic attraction
Displacing up to 2 million people
Where is the Three Gorges Dam located.
Along the Yangtze river in China
Why is the Yellow River called "The river of China's Sorrow"?
Has a lot of sediment (world's muddiest river)
Long been plagued with floods and droughts
This is a fine, wind-blown glacially deposited material. It is fertile but vulnerable to erosion when plowed.
This is one of the poorest parts of China
Is there a lot of forest conservation in China?
Which Asian country has the most forest conservation?
Have the reforestation programs in China been successful?
What may China need to do for development?
Import wood products
What have Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan done control pollution in their countries?
Implemented stringent pollution controlling laws
Established pollution generating industries outside of their countries
How much of Japan is mountainous?
Describe Japan's Physical environment
Subtropical to subarctic climate variations
Limited plains used of agriculture
Describe the environment of Southern China
rugged mountains and hills interspersed with lowland basins
Describe Taiwan's environment
Central and Eastern regions are rugged and mountainous
West dominated by alluvial plain
Mild winter climate
Still has many forests
Out of North and South Korea, which has better farmlands?
The Koreas are environmentally...
mountainous with scattered alluvial basins
How much of China is urban?
What are the dominant Chinese agricultures and where are they located?
anthropogenic landscape mean
One that has been heavily transformed by human activities
What part of China is most thoroughly anthropogenic?
North China Plain
Which is more populated in density and quantity of people..North or South Korea?
Which is the most densely populated?
What type of products does Japan import?
Since when has China imported foods?
What was China's capital during the Manchu period?
What is the concentration of an urban population in a single city called?
What country is known for Urban Primacy?
What is a huge zone of coalesced metropolitan areas called?
This is a form of writing which uses symbols to represent whole words or ideas.
What is a disadvantage of Ideographic Writing?
Large number of characters to learn
What is the advantage to Ideographic Writing?
Speakers of other languages then use the same writing system
Which Asian country displays a pattern of Superconurbation?
What happened to the Korean Alphabet in the 1400s?
They implemented their own
List the 3 parts of Japan's complex writing system
What is Kanji in Japan's writing system?
Characters borrowed from the Chinese writing system
What is Hiragana in Japan's writing system?
System in which each symbol represents a syllable
What is Katakana used for in the Japanese writing system?
For spelling words of foreign origin
This philosophy has a strong influence on the Asian culture
Confucianism (by Confucius)
When does Confucianism date back to?
6th century B.C.
What are the main pillars of Confucianism?
Obedience to authority
Authorities must act caringly
Education is important
What raised questions in East Asia about the value Confucian ideas in the early 1900s?
Lagging development in the region
What are the main religions prevailing in the East Asian region.
This is the Chinese and Japanese practice of designing buildings in accordance with the spiritual powers that flow through the local topography
This religion is closely bound to Japanese nationality
How much of China and Japan is Christian?
Less than 1%
What is the attitude towards secularism in East Asia?
It is supported, mainly by Confucianism and Marxism
Is East Asia one of the most secular regions in the world?
Does Japanese have relations to any other language?
Are minority groups seen as equals in Japan?
No, they face discrimination
What the Korean Diaspora?
The scattering of Koreans over a vast geographical area
Which ethnic group is the majority in China?
What are the 3 Han languages?
What are the Chinese names for the 3 Han languages?
What is one adjective that describes the Han Chinese languages, and what does it mean?
Tonal..change of tones changes the meaning.
People who have a traditional social order based on autonomous village communities are called
Is Japanese related to another language..if so which one?
What is a common language in Japan?
When did China begin to liberalize?
70s and 80s
What split East Asia (not literally)?
Cold War rivalries
When was China unified?
3rd Century B.C.
From when to when was the Manchu Dynasty in power?
1644 to 19th century
Why did the Chinese empire decline in the 1800s?
Failed to keep pace with technological progress
What did the British use in lieu of silver to buy Chinese goods?
When did Japan emerge as a unified state?
What reunited Japan in the 1600s?
What did the Tokugawa Shogunate?
Established an isolationist party
This is a military leader who theoretically remains under the emperor but who actually holds power
This strengthened the government and economy in 1868
When was Korea divided and by who?
After the Korean War
U.S. & Soviet Union
When was Mao Zedong and the communists victorious
When did Hong Kong get reclaimed by China
Name the characteristics of the Chinese military
world's largest army
What is Japan's economy ranked in the world?
List the conditions that characterize Japan today
High standard of living
What are the characteristics of women in Japanese society?
limited advancement opps
drops in marriage rate
low fertility rates
What went into the rise of South Korea?
Export-led economic growth programs in 60s
Transition to high tech industry
Increasingly multinational corporations
What was wrong with "The Great Leap Forward"?
Resulted in the death of 20 million
What does SEZ stand for?
Special Economic Zones
What do SEZs welcome?
Why do they like to call Manchuria a "rust belt"?
Because it has very little economic expansion
What Chinese policy led to gender imbalance in the nation?
One Child policy
What countries make up South Asia?
What problems does China being the world's 2nd most populous region raise?
Concerns about food production keeping pace
Who colonized South Asia for several years?
Which two countries have been embroiled in conflict since receiving their independence in 1947?
India and Pakistan
What is the name of the interconnecting highway being built in South Asia?
What cities will the Quadrilateral highway connect?
What event killed 2500 people in the region and when?
Explosion of the Bhopal fertilizer plant in 1984
Which South Asian rivers are prone to flooding during wet summer monsoons?
Ganges and Brahmaputra river
What expansions are the causes of deforestation in South Asia?
This is precipitation due to uplift and cooling of moist winds.
How many people does India have?
What is the pop. of Pakistan?
What is the population of Bangladesh?
Name 3 characteristics that pertain to Pakistan's populaiton
Lack of family planning program
TFR is 4.6
Low female contraception
List 2 characteristics that pertain to India's population
TFR of 2.9
State 4 characteristics that contribute to Bangladesh's population
high settlement density
TFR of 3.0
Govt. support of family planning
more flexible Muslim culture
South Asia is one of the most urbanized regions in the world.
Food production in South Asia has outpaced population growth since the 70s.
Where is rice grown in South Asia?
lower Ganges Valley
delta lands of Bangladesh
lower Indus valley
Where is wheat grown in South Asia?
northern Indus valley
west of Ganges
What is the name of India's "breadbasket"?
What are the three crop zone crops of South Asia?
These are agricultural techniques based on heavy use of hybrid crops, industrial fertilizers, and chemical pesticides
How did India more than double grain production from 1970 to 1990?
by using hybrid crops
What were the costs of the Green Revolution on South Asia?
fertilizers and pesticides harmed environment
salinized irrigation areas
poor farmers forced out of land
1984 Bhopal fertilizer factory explosion
What percentage of the South Asian people live in urban areas?
in South Asia?
Sprawling squatter settlements
These are crude shelters built on sidewalks
What is the name of the largest city in South Asia?
What are the problems with Calcutta?
What is the name of the largest city in Pakistan?
This movement promoted Hindu values as an essential and exclusive fabric of Indian society
This faith is complicated and has no single uniformly accepted belief system
sacred languages of Hinduism
This is the strict division of Hindu society into ranked hereditary groups
This is the ancient fourfold hierarchy of the Hindu world
This refers to hundreds of local endogamous groups
What Jati groups do Castes include?
What is the major faith of India and Nepal
This is a faith incorporating elements of Hinduism and Islam
What are Sikh men noted for?
work as soldiers and bodyguards
This religion emerged around 500 B.C. as protest to orthodox Hinduism
This is an ancient religion focusing on the cosmic struggle between good and evil
This linguistic group is unique to southern India
This is the most widely spoken language in South Asia
This is the language of the Muslim minority
linking of a language with political goals
What language did India try to impose as the national language?
What is the main integrating language in South Asia?
Is it normal to see four language signs in South Asia?
During British rule, South Asian workers settled in other British colonies.
Which empire ruled most of South Asia during 1500s?
When did the Mughal empire weaken?
this private organization acted as an arm of British govt and monopolized trade
British East India Company
This led to South Asia being directly ruled by the british
When were political protestors and Ghandi calling for independence?
What type of Indian state did Ghandi favor?
Which ethnic groups does Punjab have?
Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs
Which South Asian Prime Minister was assassinated by her own bodyguards in 1984?
What is the name of the rebel force that attacked the Sri Lankan army in 1983?
The Hindu Tamils are the majority group in Sri Lanka...
The Buddhist Singhalese are the majority group in Sri Lanka...
Who did China ally with during the cold war between India and Pakistan?
How much do Indians tend to live on?
What type of stance does butan have?
name some characteristics about Bangladesh's economic development
Poorest country in South Asia
Heavy commercial crop reliance
Poverty due to environmental degredation
Competitive in clothing and textile manufacture
name some characteristics about Pakistan's economic development
inhereted good infastructure
agriculture, cotton, & textile important
low growth potential
high defense spending
based on GNI, which country is most prosperous in South Asia despite having such a smal economy?
name some characteristics of Sri Lanka's economic development
2nd most developed in South Asia
Exports rubber and tea and textiles
economic progress undercut by civil war
Which South Asian states showcase the Green Revolution?
Punjab and Haryana
What is India's economy based on?
private ownership, but government control of planning, resources, and heavy industrial sectors
When were regulations reduced in India and the economy liberalized?
Why are literacy rates high in the poor northeast of South Asia?
What do socialist leaders in Kerela promote that gives them the best social development in India
education and community healthcare
What are gender imbalances in South Asia due to?
"Differential neglect": preferring boys over girls
This is the area of low rainfall found on the downwind side of a mountain range
Karachi's main conflict is between which two groups?
What is India's guiding political organization?
The sacred language of Hindu is called?
This is the fourfold social heiarchy of the Hindu world
In Hindu, Dalits are
untouchables (in a bad way)
In hindu, these refer to the hundreds of local endogamous (marry within) groups that exist at each Varna level