Geo Module 4 Review

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ballinbc14
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90264
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Geo Module 4 Review
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2011-08-22 09:33:32
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GEO module East South Asia
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Review for first half of final
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  1. What is China's Population?
    1.3 Billion
  2. What is the name of the world's largest hydroelectric dam under construction?
    Three Gorges Dam
  3. What was the purposes of the Three Gorges Dam?
    Control flooding and generate electricity
  4. What are some problems the Three Gorges Dam is causing?
    • Threatening animal species
    • Flooding a major scenic attraction
    • Displacing up to 2 million people
  5. Where is the Three Gorges Dam located.
    Along the Yangtze river in China
  6. Why is the Yellow River called "The river of China's Sorrow"?
    • Has a lot of sediment (world's muddiest river)
    • Long been plagued with floods and droughts
  7. This is a fine, wind-blown glacially deposited material. It is fertile but vulnerable to erosion when plowed.
    Loess
  8. This is one of the poorest parts of China
    Loess Plateau
  9. Is there a lot of forest conservation in China?
    No
  10. Which Asian country has the most forest conservation?
    Japan
  11. Have the reforestation programs in China been successful?
    nope
  12. What may China need to do for development?
    Import wood products
  13. What have Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan done control pollution in their countries?
    • Implemented stringent pollution controlling laws
    • Established pollution generating industries outside of their countries
  14. How much of Japan is mountainous?
    85%
  15. Describe Japan's Physical environment
    • Subtropical to subarctic climate variations
    • 85% mountainous
    • Seismically active
    • Limited plains used of agriculture
  16. Describe the environment of Southern China
    rugged mountains and hills interspersed with lowland basins
  17. Describe Taiwan's environment
    • Central and Eastern regions are rugged and mountainous
    • West dominated by alluvial plain
    • Mild winter climate
    • Still has many forests
  18. Out of North and South Korea, which has better farmlands?
    South Korea
  19. The Koreas are environmentally...
    mountainous with scattered alluvial basins
  20. How much of China is urban?
    37%
  21. What are the dominant Chinese agricultures and where are they located?
    • South
    • Rice
    • North
    • Wheat
    • Millet
    • Sorghum
  22. What does anthropogenic landscape mean?
    One that has been heavily transformed by human activities
  23. What part of China is most thoroughly anthropogenic?
    North China Plain
  24. Which is more populated in density and quantity of people..North or South Korea?
    South Korea
  25. Which is the most densely populated?
    North Korea
    South Korea
    Taiwan
    Taiwan
  26. What type of products does Japan import?
    • food
    • wood
    • oil
    • coal
    • minerals
  27. Since when has China imported foods?
    1990
  28. What was China's capital during the Manchu period?
    Beijing
  29. What is the concentration of an urban population in a single city called?
    Urban Primacy
  30. What country is known for Urban Primacy?
    South Korea
  31. What is a huge zone of coalesced metropolitan areas called?
    Superconurbation
  32. This is a form of writing which uses symbols to represent whole words or ideas.
    Ideographic writing
  33. What is a disadvantage of Ideographic Writing?
    Large number of characters to learn
  34. What is the advantage to Ideographic Writing?
    Speakers of other languages then use the same writing system
  35. Which Asian country displays a pattern of Superconurbation?
    Japan
  36. What happened to the Korean Alphabet in the 1400s?
    They implemented their own
  37. List the 3 parts of Japan's complex writing system
    • Kanji
    • Hiragana
    • Katakana
  38. What is Kanji in Japan's writing system?
    Characters borrowed from the Chinese writing system
  39. What is Hiragana in Japan's writing system?
    System in which each symbol represents a syllable
  40. What is Katakana used for in the Japanese writing system?
    For spelling words of foreign origin
  41. This philosophy has a strong influence on the Asian culture
    Confucianism (by Confucius)
  42. When does Confucianism date back to?
    6th century B.C.
  43. What are the main pillars of Confucianism?
    • Obedience to authority
    • Authorities must act caringly
    • Education is important
  44. What raised questions in East Asia about the value Confucian ideas in the early 1900s?
    Lagging development in the region
  45. What are the main religions prevailing in the East Asian region.
    • Mahayana Buddhism
    • Shinto
    • Taoism
  46. This is the Chinese and Japanese practice of designing buildings in accordance with the spiritual powers that flow through the local topography
    Geomancy
  47. This religion is closely bound to Japanese nationality
    Shinto
  48. How much of China and Japan is Christian?
    Less than 1%
  49. What is the attitude towards secularism in East Asia?
    It is supported, mainly by Confucianism and Marxism
  50. Is East Asia one of the most secular regions in the world?
    Yes
  51. Does Japanese have relations to any other language?
    No
  52. Are minority groups seen as equals in Japan?
    No, they face discrimination
  53. What the Korean Diaspora?
    The scattering of Koreans over a vast geographical area
  54. Which ethnic group is the majority in China?
    Han
  55. What are the 3 Han languages?
    • Mandarin
    • Cantonese
    • Shanghainese
  56. What are the Chinese names for the 3 Han languages?
    • Sinitic
    • Yue
    • Wu
  57. What is one adjective that describes the Han Chinese languages, and what does it mean?
    Tonal..change of tones changes the meaning.
  58. People who have a traditional social order based on autonomous village communities are called
    Tribal
  59. Is Japanese related to another language..if so which one?
    No
  60. What is a common language in Japan?
    English
  61. When did China begin to liberalize?
    70s and 80s
  62. What split East Asia (not literally)?
    Cold War rivalries
  63. When was China unified?
    3rd Century B.C.
  64. From when to when was the Manchu Dynasty in power?
    1644 to 19th century
  65. Why did the Chinese empire decline in the 1800s?
    Failed to keep pace with technological progress
  66. What did the British use in lieu of silver to buy Chinese goods?
    Opium
  67. When did Japan emerge as a unified state?
    7th century
  68. What reunited Japan in the 1600s?
    Tokugawa Shogunate
  69. What did the Tokugawa Shogunate?
    Established an isolationist party
  70. This is a military leader who theoretically remains under the emperor but who actually holds power
    Shogun
  71. This strengthened the government and economy in 1868
    Meiji Restoration
  72. When was Korea divided and by who?
    • After the Korean War
    • U.S. & Soviet Union
  73. When was Mao Zedong and the communists victorious
    1949
  74. When did Hong Kong get reclaimed by China
    1997
  75. Name the characteristics of the Chinese military
    • world's largest army
    • nuclear weapons
    • missile technology
  76. What is Japan's economy ranked in the world?
    2nd largest
  77. List the conditions that characterize Japan today
    • High standard of living
    • Low unemployment
    • Health Care
    • Low Crime
    • High literacy
    • Long life-spans
  78. What are the characteristics of women in Japanese society?
    • limited advancement opps
    • drops in marriage rate
    • low fertility rates
  79. What went into the rise of South Korea?
    • Export-led economic growth programs in 60s
    • Transition to high tech industry
    • Increasingly multinational corporations
  80. What was wrong with "The Great Leap Forward"?
    Resulted in the death of 20 million
  81. What does SEZ stand for?
    Special Economic Zones
  82. What do SEZs welcome?
    Foreign investment
  83. Why do they like to call Manchuria a "rust belt"?
    Because it has very little economic expansion
  84. What Chinese policy led to gender imbalance in the nation?
    One Child policy
  85. What countries make up South Asia?
    • India
    • Pakistan
    • Bangladesh
    • Sri Lanka
    • Maldives
  86. What problems does China being the world's 2nd most populous region raise?
    Concerns about food production keeping pace
  87. Who colonized South Asia for several years?
    Great Britian
  88. Which two countries have been embroiled in conflict since receiving their independence in 1947?
    India and Pakistan
  89. What is the name of the interconnecting highway being built in South Asia?
    Quadrilateral Highway
  90. What cities will the Quadrilateral highway connect?
    • Calcutta
    • Madras
    • Mumbai
  91. What event killed 2500 people in the region and when?
    Explosion of the Bhopal fertilizer plant in 1984
  92. Which South Asian rivers are prone to flooding during wet summer monsoons?
    Ganges and Brahmaputra river
  93. What expansions are the causes of deforestation in South Asia?
    • agricultural
    • urban
    • industrial
  94. This is precipitation due to uplift and cooling of moist winds.
    Orographic rainfall
  95. How many people does India have?
    1.1 billion
  96. What is the pop. of Pakistan?
    166 million
  97. What is the population of Bangladesh?
    147 million
  98. Name 3 characteristics that pertain to Pakistan's populaiton
    • Lack of family planning program
    • TFR is 4.6
    • Low female contraception
  99. List 2 characteristics that pertain to India's population
    • TFR of 2.9
    • Male preference
  100. State 4 characteristics that contribute to Bangladesh's population
    • high settlement density
    • TFR of 3.0
    • Govt. support of family planning
    • more flexible Muslim culture
  101. South Asia is one of the most urbanized regions in the world.
    False
  102. Food production in South Asia has outpaced population growth since the 70s.
    True
  103. Where is rice grown in South Asia?
    • coastal lowlands
    • lower Ganges Valley
    • delta lands of Bangladesh
    • lower Indus valley
    • Sri Lanka
  104. Where is wheat grown in South Asia?
    • northern Indus valley
    • west of Ganges
  105. What is the name of India's "breadbasket"?
    Punjab
  106. What are the three crop zone crops of South Asia?
    • Rice
    • Wheat
    • Millet
    • Sorghum
  107. These are agricultural techniques based on heavy use of hybrid crops, industrial fertilizers, and chemical pesticides
    Green Revolution
  108. How did India more than double grain production from 1970 to 1990?
    by using hybrid crops
  109. What were the costs of the Green Revolution on South Asia?
    • fertilizers and pesticides harmed environment
    • salinized irrigation areas
    • poor farmers forced out of land
    • 1984 Bhopal fertilizer factory explosion
  110. What percentage of the South Asian people live in urban areas?
    25%
  111. What are bustees in South Asia?
    Sprawling squatter settlements
  112. These are crude shelters built on sidewalks
    hutments
  113. What is the name of the largest city in South Asia?
    Mumbai
  114. What are the problems with Calcutta?
    • poverty
    • pollution
    • congestion
    • homelessness
  115. What is the name of the largest city in Pakistan?
    Karachi
  116. This movement promoted Hindu values as an essential and exclusive fabric of Indian society
    Hindu Nationalism
  117. This faith is complicated and has no single uniformly accepted belief system
    Hinduism
  118. What is Sanskrit?
    sacred languages of Hinduism
  119. This is the strict division of Hindu society into ranked hereditary groups
    Caste system
  120. This is the ancient fourfold hierarchy of the Hindu world
    Varna
  121. This refers to hundreds of local endogamous groups
    Jati
  122. What Jati groups do Castes include?
    • Brahmins
    • Kshatriyas
    • Vaishyas
    • Sudras
  123. What is the major faith of India and Nepal
    Hinduism
  124. This is a faith incorporating elements of Hinduism and Islam
    Sikhism
  125. What are Sikh men noted for?
    work as soldiers and bodyguards
  126. This religion emerged around 500 B.C. as protest to orthodox Hinduism
    Jainism
  127. This is an ancient religion focusing on the cosmic struggle between good and evil
    Parsis (Zoroastrians)
  128. This linguistic group is unique to southern India
    Dravidian
  129. This is the most widely spoken language in South Asia
    Hindi
  130. This is the language of the Muslim minority
    Urdu
  131. What is linguistic nationalism?
    linking of a language with political goals
  132. What language did India try to impose as the national language?
    Hindi
  133. What is the main integrating language in South Asia?
    English
  134. Is it normal to see four language signs in South Asia?
    Si
  135. During British rule, South Asian workers settled in other British colonies.
    True
  136. Which empire ruled most of South Asia during 1500s?
    Mughal
  137. When did the Mughal empire weaken?
    1700s
  138. this private organization acted as an arm of British govt and monopolized trade
    British East India Company
  139. This led to South Asia being directly ruled by the british
    Sepoy Mutiny
  140. When were political protestors and Ghandi calling for independence?
    1920s
  141. What type of Indian state did Ghandi favor?
    Unified
  142. Which ethnic groups does Punjab have?
    Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs
  143. Which South Asian Prime Minister was assassinated by her own bodyguards in 1984?
    Idira Ghandi
  144. What is the name of the rebel force that attacked the Sri Lankan army in 1983?
    Tamil Tigers
  145. The Hindu Tamils are the majority group in Sri Lanka...
    False
  146. The Buddhist Singhalese are the majority group in Sri Lanka...
    True
  147. Who did China ally with during the cold war between India and Pakistan?
    Pakistan
  148. How much do Indians tend to live on?
    $2/day
  149. What type of stance does butan have?
    Isolationalist one
  150. name some characteristics about Bangladesh's economic development
    • Poorest country in South Asia
    • Heavy commercial crop reliance
    • Poverty due to environmental degredation
    • Competitive in clothing and textile manufacture
  151. name some characteristics about Pakistan's economic development
    • inhereted good infastructure
    • agriculture, cotton, & textile important
    • low growth potential
    • high defense spending
  152. based on GNI, which country is most prosperous in South Asia despite having such a smal economy?
    Maldives
  153. name some characteristics of Sri Lanka's economic development
    • 2nd most developed in South Asia
    • Exports rubber and tea and textiles
    • economic progress undercut by civil war
  154. Which South Asian states showcase the Green Revolution?
    Punjab and Haryana
  155. What is India's economy based on?
    private ownership, but government control of planning, resources, and heavy industrial sectors
  156. When were regulations reduced in India and the economy liberalized?
    1990s
  157. Why are literacy rates high in the poor northeast of South Asia?
    missionary education
  158. What do socialist leaders in Kerela promote that gives them the best social development in India
    education and community healthcare
  159. What are gender imbalances in South Asia due to?
    "Differential neglect": preferring boys over girls
  160. This is the area of low rainfall found on the downwind side of a mountain range
    Rain-shadow
  161. Karachi's main conflict is between which two groups?
    • Sindis
    • Muhajirs
  162. What is India's guiding political organization?
    Congress Party
  163. The sacred language of Hindu is called?
    Sanskrit
  164. This is the fourfold social heiarchy of the Hindu world
    Varna
  165. In Hindu, Dalits are
    untouchables (in a bad way)
  166. In hindu, these refer to the hundreds of local endogamous (marry within) groups that exist at each Varna level
    Jati

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