Muscle Quiz

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MelainBee
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90327
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Muscle Quiz
Updated:
2011-06-12 16:44:21
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VT16A Body Systems VT9 Term Final Muscle Quiz
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VT16A Body Systems I Muscle Quiz
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  1. A broad flat tendon that attaches muscle to another muscle is called an aponeurosis. (T/F)
    True
  2. Adduction means moving the limb away from the median plane. (T/F)
    False
  3. Extension involves a decrease in the angle between two bones. (T/F)
    False
  4. Magnesium is the key electrolyte required for both in muscle contraction and relaxation. (T/F)
    False
  5. Organophospahte poisoning causes muscle spasms because it enhances the action of acetylocholinesterase. The antidote is Calcium.(T/F)
    False
  6. Sodium is the key electrolyte involved in muscle contraction and relaxation. (T/F)
    False
  7. The insertion of the muscle is
    attachment of the muscle to the bone at the most mobile end of the bone
  8. A flexor muscle does which of the following?
    Decreases the angle of a joint
  9. An extensor muscle does which of the following?
    Increases the angle of a joint
  10. An adductor muscle does which of the following?
    Moves the muscle toward the midline of the body
  11. A rotator muscle does which of the following?
    Moves a limb or structure about a point
  12. An abductor muscle does which of the following?
    Moves the muscle away from the midline of the body
  13. The midventral aponeuroses of the abdominal muscles is called the
    Linea alba
  14. Which type of muscle is involuntary, striated and has intercalated disks?
    Cardiac
  15. Which type of muscle is voluntary and multinucleated?
    Skeletal
  16. Which type of muscle is involuntary, non-striated and had a centralized single nucleus in spindle-shaped cells?
    Smooth
  17. Which type of muscle requires direct nerve stimulation?
    Skeletal
  18. The muscle that separates the abdominal cavity from the thoracic cavity is the
    Diaphragm
  19. The origin of the muscle is the
    Attachment of the muscle to the bone at the least mobile end of the bone
  20. The two types of muscle that do not require direct nerve stimulation to function are
    Cardiac and Smooth
  21. The uterus is an example of
    Smooth muscle
  22. When giving an injection into the semimembranosus and semitendinosus muscles we must be careful to avoid the
    Sciatic nerve
  23. What occurs when skeletal muscles are not used or the nerve supply is lost?
    Atrophy
  24. Which vitamin deficiency may lead to white muscle disease?
    Vitamin E
  25. Which mineral deficiency may lead to white muscle disease?
    Selenium
  26. Which of the following is commonly associated with exertional rhabdomyolysis?
    • Stiff gait
    • Dark red colored urine
    • Excessive exercise
  27. In which disease would you see myoglobinuria?
    Exertional rhabdomyolysis
  28. Which of the following is true about White Muscle Disease?
    It primarily affects calves and lambs
  29. A blood chemistry test used to assess muscle damage is
    CK
  30. A common site for IM injections in the rear limb of the horse is the
    Semimembranosus
  31. Which IM injection site should be used only as a last resort in the equine due to the increased risk of developing non-draining abscesses?
    Pectoral
  32. A ligament attaches
    bone to bone
  33. Rigor mortis is caused by
    Lack of ATP to pump the calcium back into the tubules
  34. Which muscle(s) is/are affected by the disease Masticatory Myositis?
    Temporal and Masseter
  35. Which type of tissue attaches muscle to bone?
    Tendons
  36. Of the following, which drug is most effective agains severe musculoskeletal pain?
    Fentanyl
  37. Which drug is a mixed opioid agonist/antagonist?
    Butorphanol
  38. Of the following, which drug is a pure narcotic antagonist?
    Naloxone
  39. Which drug is commonly used as a muscle relaxant?
    Methocarbamol
  40. What are commom side-effects of most NSAID's?
    Bleeding & GI upset
  41. What are common side-effects of most opioids?
    Vomiting
  42. What are common side-effects of most corticosteroids?
    PU/PD
  43. Which of the following is an important use for corticosteroids?
    • Treating inflammation
    • Controlling pruritus
    • Suppressing immune reactions
  44. On Figure 1 of the canine, what is the muscle identified by the label A?
    Gluteals
  45. On Figure 2 of the equine, what is the muscle identified by the label C?
    Gastrocnemius
  46. On Figure 1 of the canine, what is the muscle identified by the label D?
    Triceps
  47. On Figure 2 of the horse, what is the muscle identified by the label A?
    Masseter
  48. On Figure 2 of the horse, what is the muscle identified by the label B?
    Pectoral
  49. On Figure 2 of the horse, what is the muscle identified by the label E?
    Abdominal Obliques
  50. On Figure 2 of the horse, what is the muscle identified by the label D?
    Semimembranosus

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