woodrow wilson's ________ were/was meant to provide peace at the conclusion of WWI
A major goal of france and Britain at the post-WWI versailles peace conference was to
not rebuild military
Which of the following was not a provision of the treaty of Versailles?
league of nations
the u.s. chose not to join the league of nations because
many feared u.s. would be drawn into world affairs
the war guilt clause in versailles forced ___ to accept blame of WWI
the creation of ___ after WWI created tension and set up future conflict because it set several states and peoples with very strong nationalistic desires
one result of WWI was that ____ was broken up into several smaller countries
which of the following countries did not lose territory as a result of WWI
an overall effect of the great depression in europe was
the rise of authoritarian governments
the rise of dictatorial govs in italy and germany between the 2 wars was a result of all the following
treaty of versailles
______, an artistic style, is an attempt to show multiple point of views using geometric figures
this daughter of german american immigrants to America was an extremely influential writer, lost generation
this american author showcased disillusionment with war and the material values that lead to it in two of his well known novels
the emperor of germany during WWI was
the lost generation refers to
American writers in Paris
President Wilson's 14 points were largely
ignored by european powers
A major goal of france and great britain at the conference of verailles following WWI was to
the hammer and _______ was on the USSR flag
the _____ used terror tactics against the enemies of the bolsheviks to help Lenin keep control of Russia
The Gulag, a system of forced labor camps used by the soviet government, was located in ______, a region of north-central Russia
upon seizing power, Lenin let it be known to the world that he wished for
revolutions to break out everywhere
one of the main immediate causes of the Russian revolution was Russia's
Military losses in WWI
joseph Stalin persecuted those he perceived as enemies and is responsible for the deaths of millions of russians who perished suring the
which of the following was an effect of stalin's five year plan?
USSR become world leader is technology
the Stalinist era of the 1930s was characterized by
millions arrested - labor camps
italian fascists and german nazis both gained pwer by using _____ against their political opponents
the governments in hitler's germany, mussolini's italy, and stalin's soviet union were all single party dictatorships. of the 3, only the soviet union was
a totalitarian regime is characterized by all of the following traits except
strong central gov
no personal freedom
the totalitarian govs of italy, germany, and japan were based on
in which of the following ways did hitler unite germany?
brought people together against common enemy
stalin's great purge from 1934 - 1939
imprisoned and executed people
one reason kitler signed a non-aggression pact with stalin before WWII started in europe was to
invade poland without soviet opposition
in 1941, hitler broke his treaty with the soviet union and invaded russia. what effect did this have on the war?
taxed military supplies, lowered defeat of germany.
fascist aggression in the 1930s included mussolinis invasion of ____, hitlers invasion of _____, and franco's overthrow of the republican gov of _____
which of the following helped fascist leaders gain power in eastern europe?
mistrust of democracy and economic instability
in response to the league of nations' investigation into Japan's invasion and occupation of Manchuria,
japan left the league
why were the japanese able to gain influence over china in the early 1900s
civil war + famine weakened china
which of the following could be a valid reason that countries like britain and france used appeasement instead of standing up to hitler's aggression in the years leading up to WWII?
they were reluctant to engage in another war
in response to Axis aggression in the 1930s, western democracies followed a policy of
in 1938 the british and french bought peace with hitler at the munich conference at the expense of
the 1928 kellogg-briand pact
outlawed war as a solution to international rivalry
in the 1930s, france and england were slow to declare war on germany because
the june 1944 d-day invasion during WWII was carried out to liberate
open a second front, defeat germany
the war in europe ended with the
surrender of germany
which of the following cities was the target of a nazi air blitz in 1941?
WWII was fought on all of these continents except
Africa, Asia, Europe
the marginot line was a series of bunkers along the french-german border built to prevent a german invasion. why didnt it protect the french from the nazis?
nazis invaded through belgium
why was it important for the axis powers to control norway and denmark?
better control of atlantic
in 1940, after neville chamberlain's policy of appeasement toward hitler has clearly failed, this man became prime minister of great britain and courageously led his country through the battle of britain through the defeat of germany.
He was the political leader of Japan during WWII. Japanese citizens viewed him as a "living god.
He was the leader of fascist Italy from 1922-1945. His repressive totalitarian policies were an example for other totalitarian dictators 0f the era.
He gained control of the USSR in 1927 and led the Soviets through WWII.
___ -', an American general, was the Supreme Commander of Allied troops in Western Europe during much of WWII and oversaw the D-Day invasion.
America's best known general in the Pacific Theater during wwII is known for his "I shall return" statement following the Japanese takeover of the Philippines.
"Nature is cruel, so we may be cruel too ... I have a right to remove millions of an inferior race that breeds like vermin." This quote expresses the ideas of
_____ was an early sign that Hitler was willing to act upon his hatred of the Jews.
Hitler's "Final Solution" targeted all of the following EXCEPT _
Japan and Britain had very large numbers of civilian casualties during WWII because their -----
cities were bombed by enemies
The nation that suffered the greatest number of both civilian and military dead and wounded in WWII was
One reason that the United States suffered so few civilian casualties during WWII was that ------'
Following the United States' entry into WWII, American and British leaders decided that their highest priority would be to
Most of Eastern Europe became _____ of the USSR (Russia) because the Soviet army occupied these countries when WWII ended.
Stalin's post-WWII behavior (e.g., occupation of Eastern Europe) and his continuing moves (e.g., the Berlin Blockade) were viewed by the West (NATO) as _
The main goal of the ____ was to help Europe recover after WWII.
The ____ was the US belief that if one Southeast Asian fell to communism, the rest of Southeast Asia would follow
______ resulted in a long-term commitment to resist the spread of communism.
The United States entered the Vietnam War to '
stop the spread of communism
The 1989 uprising in China is a tragic example of Chinese citizens demonstrating for democratic reforms.
____ used military force to crush uprisings in Poland, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia during the 1950s.
__ ---'_ was created after WWII to unifY the military defense of the United States and Western Europe.
The ____ was created by the USSR to unifY the defense of its satellite countries.
In India and Pakistan. feelings of nationalism are intertwined with religious conflict between -------
muslims and hindus
Ayatollah Khomeini of Iran '
rejected western values
returned from exile in france
turn iran to muslim values
Ataturk encouraged '
close relations with USSR
Stages of the Korean War included, IN ORDER
north korea suprise attack
Who looked stronger, politically, after the Cuban Missile Crisis was resolved?
What country (ies) colonized Vietnam before the United States entered the country?
china, japan, france
The Gulf of Tonkin incident in Vietnam _
was used as an excuse to escalate american involvement
The Launch of the Sputnik _
scared americans, nukes shot from it
The Berlin airlift _
1st action of cold war
supplied berlin after supplies cut off
Einstein was famous for his _
work in physics
The Balfour Declaration _
favored creation of israel
disliked by arabs
Zionism is '
2000 year yearning for israel by jews
What weapon did Gandhi use to fight for independence against the British?
Soviet dissidents had to endure _
golas, cold, disease, beatings
The 1930s famine in the Soviet Union was due to
stalins orders forcing peasants to work in communal farms
The United States accepted the "I was acting, under orders" defense at the Nuremberg trials. This statement is
Perestroika and glasnost were the ideas of what Soviet leader?
Perestroika and glasnost led to
break up of USSR
democracy in E. germany
Which is NOT an argument used by the Palestinians in their struggle with the Israelis?
palestineans created more open, democratic society
what were some arguments used by the Israelis in their struggle with the Palestinians?
most holy city
change for jews
guarenteed safety of sites
need state of their own
The United States' involvement in Korea, and Vietnam to prevent communism from taking over the world is an example of:
The ~ given by the United States to countries that were fighting to stop the spread of communism in North Korea and North Vietnam was part of which policy:
The communist leader who, upon seizing control in Vietnam in the early 1960's, behaved as an "evil dictator" and shipped his opposition offlo reeducation camps was:
ho chi minh
The person who wished to use nuclear weapons to win the Korean War was:
A result of the Korean War could be summarized as:
communists kept control
Why were the Communists in Vietnam so successful at fighting against a better-equipped, more advanced U.S. military?
used guerilla tactics, gave up 10 to us
Nixon's plan to slowly hand over the task of fighting the communists to the South Vietnamese was:
vietnamization, not successful
Major effect(s) of the Tet offensive were:
communist last a lot of troops in battle
shook confidence of u.s.
could have won war
This organization, of which the United States was a member, sought to moderate and reduce international conflicts.
Containment was a policy designed to:
stop spread of communism
The Yalta Conference served to:
divide up germany between allies
The United States enacted the Marshall Plan to:
help rebuild europe and mistakes of WWI
A cause of the Berlin Airlift was that:
stalin trying to reverse unification of west germany
A result of the massive build-up of nuclear missiles in the U.S. and the Soviet Union was:
neither could safely attack the other
Events that served to increase tension between the U.S. and the Soviet Union were:
cuban missle crisis
As a reaction to the formation of NATO, the Soviet Union:
formed warsaw pact
The Berlin wall was built:
by USSR to protect movement of people/jews
As a result of the Chinese Civil war:
nationalists fled to taiwan
Way(s) in which Mao chose to move towards communism in China was to:
raise food prouction
encourage backyard steelmaking
Mao felt that his communist revolution was growing stale so he:
began cultural revolution to establish a society where all are equal
Strategies used to fight the Cold War consisted of:
Third World Nations were:
underdeveloped nations who were used to fight cold war
The U.S. policy of keeping nuclear missile bases close to targets in the Soviet Union, but not wanting Soviet nuclear missile bases close to targets in the U.S. led to:
cuban missle crisis
In order to remove Castro the U.S.:
bay of pigs, assassinate him
In order to maintain the balance of power in the middle east during the Cold War the U.S.:
supplied Iraq, iran, israel
A major turning point which led to the fall of the Soviet Union was the:
failed invasion of afghanistan
The United States began to practice the policy of detente by:
reducing open confrontation with USSR
The United States has given support to the following governments or leaders which then turned into its enemies:
saddam hussein. talliban
A result of the Korean war could be summarized as:
very similar borders before war
President Ronald Reagan's promotion of this defense program was a key blow to the Soviet Union's confidence
The _____ war (also known as the South African War) between the British and the indigenouspeoples was in many ways the first modem "total" war.
____ was one of the most important leaders of the ANC (African National Congress) and later became the President of South Africa after being jailed for 27 years.
This economic program removed trade barriers between the United States, Canada, and Mexico.
In the 1940s and 1950s, this former army officer (and his wife) turned Argentina into a welfare state.
In 1973 the United States government supported a coup that overthrew the democratically-elected socialist government of which country?
Which of the following has not been a cause of conflict in the Middle East?
the actual existance of nuclear weapons
Which Middle East leader was an ally of the United States during most of the 1980s?
shah reza pahlavi
The invasion of which small country led to the first Gulf War?
What event in 1937 halted the Chinese Civil War?
japanese launched all out attack on china
Who led the Communists in China during their Long March?
In 1979, the Soviet Union invaded:
The dividing of India into two nations was referred to as:
The extremist Islamic group that seized control of Afghanistan during the 1990s was known as the:
Which of the following colonies became an independent city-state with a standard ofliving far higher than any of its Southeast Asia neighbors?
The main purpose of the Cultural Revolution in China was to: