Intro Pharm Ch 2

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cswett
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90388
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Intro Pharm Ch 2
Updated:
2011-06-13 19:17:13
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Med Math Chapter Abbreviations
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Med-Math ch 2 Abbreviations
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  1. ac
    before meals (ante cibum)

    sample time: 7:30 am, 11:30 am, 4:40 pm
  2. pc
    after meals (post cibum)

    sample: 10 am, 2 pm, 6 pm
  3. daily
    every day

    DO NOT USE : q.d. or qd
  4. bid
    twice a day (bis in die)

    sample: 10am & 6 pm
  5. tid
    three times a day (ter in die)

    sample: 10 am, 2, pm, 6 pm
  6. qid
    four times a day (quater in die)

    sample: 10 am, 2 pm, 6 pm, 10 pm
  7. qh
    every hour (quaque hora)

    drug will be given 24 times in one day
  8. at bedtime
    at bedtime, hour of sleep

    DO NOT USE: hs or h.s.
  9. qn
    every night (quaque nocte)
  10. stat
    immediately - now (statim)
  11. q2h or q2o
    every 2 hours

    drug will be given 12 times in 24 hour period
  12. q4h or q4o
    every 4 hours

    drug will be given 6 times in 24 hours
  13. q6h or q6o
    every 6 hours

    drug will be given 4 times in 24 hours
  14. q8h or q8o
    every 8 hours

    drug will be given 3 times in 24 hours
  15. q12h or q12o
    every 12 hours

    drug will be given twice in 24 hours
  16. every other day
    every other day (nurse writes odd/ even days of month)

    DO NOT USE: qod or q.o.d. (quaque otra die)
  17. prn
    as needed

    • usually combined with a time abbreviation
    • q4h prn (every 4 hours at needed)

    • Abbreviations has 3 administraiton implacations:
    • 1. nurse must wait for given time to elapse (4 hours) before giving the next dose.

    2. Once time has elapsed, dose may be given at any time

    3. sample times not given because nurse does not know when the patient will need the drug
  18. 3 times weekly
    three times per week

    sample: 10 am on monday, wednesday, friday

    DO NOT USE: tiw or t.i.w. (ter in vicis)
  19. biw
    twice per week (bis in vicis)

    do not confuse with bid (twice per day)
  20. Right Ear
    write out

    DO NOT USE : AD (aures dextra)
  21. Left Ear
    write out

    DO NOT USE: AL (aures laeva)
  22. Each Ear
    Write out

    DO NOT USE: AU (aures utrae)
  23. HHN
    Hand-held nebulizer

    medication is placed in a device that produces a fine spray for inhalation
  24. IM
    Intramuscularly

    Injection is given at a 90o angle into a muscle
  25. IV
    Intravenously

    The injection is given into a vein
  26. IVP
    Intravenous push

    Medication is injected directly in a vein
  27. IVPB
    Intravenous piggyback

    Medication prepared in a small volume of fluid is attached to an IV (which is already infusing fluid into a patient's vein) at specified times.
  28. MDI
    Metered-dose inhaler

    An aerosol device delivers medication by inhalation
  29. NEB
    Nebulizer

    Medication is placed in a device that produces a fine spray for inhalations
  30. NGT (ng)
    Nasogastric tube

    Medication is placed in the stomach through a tube in the nose.
  31. In the right eye
    Write out

    DO NOT USE: OD (oculus dextra)
  32. In the left eye
    write out

    DO NOT USE: OS (oculus sinister)
  33. In both eyes
    write out

    DO NOT USE: OU (oculi utrique)
  34. po (PO)
    By mouth (per os)
  35. pr (PR)
    In the rectum (per rectum)
  36. Sub-Q or Sub Q
    Subcutaneously

    The injection is usually given at a 45o angle into subcutaneous tissue
  37. SL
    Sublingual, under the tongue (sub lingua)
  38. S & S
    Swish & Swallow

    By using toungue and cheek muscles, the patient coats his/ her mouth with a liquid medication
  39. cc
    Cubic centimeter

    • measure of volume for gases or liquids
    • one cc= 16 drops from a medicine dropper

    1 cc = 1 mL

    DO NOT USE: Substitute mL
  40. g (gm, Gm)
    gram

    • measure of weight for solids
    • (one gram is approximately equil to the weight of two paper clips)
  41. kg (Kg)
    • Kilogram
    • measure of weight
    • 1 kg = 2.2 lbs
  42. L
    liter

    • measure of liquid
    • one liter is a little more than a quart
  43. mcg
    Microgram

    • Measure of weight
    • 1000 mcg = 1 mg
  44. mEq
    Milliequivalent

    no eqivalent necessary - drugs are prepared and ordered in this weight measure
  45. mg
    Milligram

    measure of weight

    1000 mg = 1 g
  46. mL (ml)
    milliliter

    • measure of volume - liquid measure
    • interchageable with cc

    1mL = 1 cc
  47. unit
    Unit

    measure of biologic activity - nurses do not calculate this measure

    DO NOT USE: U

    ex: penicillin potassium 300,000 units
  48. m
    Minim - Apothecary - in minimal use

    • m= one drop
    • 1 cc = 16 m (minims)
  49. dr
    Dram - Apothecary - in minimal use

    liquid measure

    1 dr = 4 mL
  50. gr
    • Grain - Apothecary - in minimal use
    • best to write out grain (gr could be confused with g or gm)

    granum - solid measure - based on weight of a grain of wheat

    • 60 mg = 1 gr (generally accepted)
    • 65 mg = 1 gr acetaminophen & aspirin
  51. gtt
    Drop (guttae) - Apothecary - in minimal use

    liquid measure based on drop of water

    1 gtt = 1 m

    usually used for eye medications
  52. i
    indicated "one" in roman numerals
  53. pt
    Pint - household measure

    • 1 pt = 500 mL
    • 2 pt = 1 qt
    • 1 qt = 1 L = 1000 mL
  54. qt
    quart - household measure

    • 1 qt = 1 L = 1000 mL
    • 1/2 qt = 1 pt = 500 mL
  55. tbsp
    tablespoon - household measure

    1 tbsp = 15 mL
  56. tsp
    teaspoon - household measure

    1 tsp = 5 mL
  57. oz
    Ounce - household measure

    1 oz = 30 mL

    • 6 tsp= 1 oz = 30 mL
    • 3 tsp = 1/2 oz = 15 mL
    • 2 tbs = 1 oz = 30 mL = 6 tsp
  58. cap, caps
    Capsule

    Medication is encased in a gelatin shell
  59. CR
    Controlled release

    drug is in a form that allow extended action - drug is given less frequently
  60. LA
    Long Action

    drug is in a form that allow extended action - drug is given less frequently
  61. SA
    Sustained action

    drug is in a form that allow extended action - drug is given less frequently
  62. SR
    Slow release

    drug is in a form that allow extended action - drug is given less frequently
  63. DS
    Double strength

    drug is in a form that allow extended action - drug is given less frequently
  64. EC
    Enteric coated

    tablet is coated with a substance that will not dissolve in the acid secretions of the stomach - it dissolves in the alkaline secretions of the intestines
  65. el, elix
    Elixir

    a drug is dissolved in a hydroalcoholic sweet base
  66. sol
    Solution

    drug is contained in a clear liquid preparation
  67. sp
    spirit

    alcoholic solution of a volatile substance (spirit of ammonia)
  68. sup, supp
    Suppository

    solid, cylindrically shaped drug that can be inserted into a body opening (rectum, vagina)
  69. susp
    Suspension

    small particles of drug are dispersed ina liquid base that must be shaken before being poured

    gels and magmas are also suspensions
  70. syr
    syrup

    sugar is dissolved in a liquid medicaiton and flavored to disguise the taste
  71. tab, tabs
    Tablet

    medication is compressed or moulded into a solid form - additional ingredients are used to shape and color the tablet
  72. tr, tinct
    tincture

    liquid alcoholic or hydroalcoholic solution of a drug
  73. ung, oint
    Ointment

    semisolid drug preparation that is applied to the skin (external use only)
  74. KVO
    Keep vein open

    • nurse is to continue infusing this fluid
    • (1000 mL dextrose 5% in water IV KVO)
  75. TKO
    To keep open
  76. Discontinue
    write out

    DO NOT USE: D/C
  77. NKA
    No known alltergies

    inportant assessment that is noted in the medication record of the patient
  78. NKDA
    No known drug allergies

    This is an important assessment that is noted on the medication record of a patient

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