Chapter 5 - Digestive System

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agagarin
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9042
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Chapter 5 - Digestive System
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2010-03-03 22:08:41
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medical terminology The Language of Medicine
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Chapter 5 - Digestive System medical terminologies The Language of Medicine
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  1. an/o
    • anus
    • perianal - pertaining to the surrounding of the anus
  2. append/o
    appendix

    appendectomy - surgical removal of the appendix
  3. appendic/o
    appendix

    appendicitis - inflammation of the appendix
  4. bucc/o
    cheek

    buccal mucosa - pertaining to the cheek mucosa
  5. cec/o
    cecum

    cecal - pertaining to the cecum
  6. celi/o
    belly, abdomen

    celiac - pertaining to the belly or abdomen
  7. cheil/o
    lip

    cheilosis - (abnormal) condition of the lip
  8. cholecyst/o
    gallbladder

    cholecystectomy - surgical removal of the gallbladder
  9. choledoch/o
    common bile duct

    choledochotomy - process of cutting the common bile duct
  10. col/o
    colon, large intestine

    colostomy - surgical creation of an opening between the colon and the surface of the body to be used for passage of stool
  11. colon/o
    colon

    colonic - pertaining to the colon
  12. dent/i
    tooth

    dentibuccal - pertaining to the tooth and the cheek
  13. duoden/o
    duodenum

    duodenal - pertaining to the duodenum
  14. enter/o
    intestines, usually small intestine

    • enterocolitis - inflammation of the small intestine and the colon
    • enterocolostomy - process of cutting the small intestine and the colon
    • mesentery - pertaining to the middle of the small intestine
    • parenteral - pertaining to apart from the small intestine
  15. esophag/o
    esophagus

    esophageal - pertaining to the esophagus
  16. faci/o
    face

    facial - pertaining to the face
  17. gastr/o
    stomach

    gastrotomy - process of cutting the stomach
  18. gingiv/o
    gums

    gingivitis - inflammation of the gums
  19. gloss/o
    tongue

    hypoglossal - pertaining to above the tongue
  20. hepat/o
    liver

    • hepatoma - tumor of the liver
    • hepatomegaly - enlargement of the liver
  21. ile/o
    ileum

    • ileocecal sphincter - pertaining to the ileum and the cecum sphincter
    • ileitis - inflammation of the ileum
    • ileostomy - surgical opening of the ileum
  22. jejun/o
    jejunum

    • choledochojejunostomy - surgical creation of a connection between the common bile duct and jejunum
    • gastrojejunostomy - surgical opening of the stomach and jejunum
  23. labi/o
    lip

    labial - pertaining to the lip
  24. lapar/o
    abdomen

    laparoscopy - visual examination of the abdomen
  25. lingu/o
    tongue

    sublingual - pertaining to under the tongue
  26. mandibul/o
    lower jaw; mandible

    submandibular - pertaining to below the lower jaw; mandible
  27. odont/o
    tooth

    • orthodontist - specializes in straight teeth
    • periodontist - specializes in surrounding teeth
    • endodontist - specializes in inside the teeth
  28. or/o
    mouth

    oral - pertaining to the mouth
  29. palat/o
    palate

    palatoplasty - surgical repair of the palate
  30. pancreat/o
    pancreas

    pancreatitis - inflammation of the pancreas
  31. peritone/o
    peritoneum

    peritonitis - inflammation of the peritoneum
  32. pharyng/o
    throat

    • pharyngeal - pertaining to the throat
    • palatopharyngoplasty - surgical repair of the palate and the throat
  33. proct/o
    anus and rectum

    proctologist - specializes in the anus and rectum
  34. pylor/o
    pyloric sphincter

    pyloroplasty - surgical repair of the pyloric sphincter
  35. rect/o
    rectum

    rectocele - hernia of the rectum
  36. sialaden/o
    salivary gland

    sialadenitis - inflammation of the salivary gland
  37. sigmoid/o
    sigmoid colon

    sigmoidoscopy - visually examining the sigmoid colon
  38. stomat/o
    mouth

    stomatitis - inflammation of the mouth
  39. uvul/o
    uvula

    uvulectomy - surgical removal of the uvula
  40. amyl/o
    starch

    amylase - starch enzyme
  41. bili/i
    gall, bile

    biliary - pertaining to the gall, bile
  42. bilirubin/o
    bilirubin (bile pigment)

    hyperbilirubinemia - blood condition of excess bilirubin
  43. chol/o
    gall, bile

    cholelithiasis - condition of stone in the gall, bile
  44. chlorhydr/o
    hypochloric acid

    achlorhydria - pertaining to without hypochloric acid
  45. gluc/o
    sugar

    gluconeogenesis - producing new sugar
  46. glyc/o
    sugar

    hyperglycemia - pertaining to above normal sugar level
  47. lip/o
    fat, lipid

    lipoma - fat tumor
  48. lith/o
    stone

    lithogenesis - producing stone
  49. prote/o
    protein

    protease - protein enzyme
  50. sial/o
    saliva, salivary

    sialolith - saliva stone
  51. steat/o
    fat

    steatorrhea - discharge of fat
  52. -ase
    enzyme

    lipase - fat enzyme
  53. -chezia
    defacation, elimination of wastes

    hematochezia - defacation of blood
  54. -iasis
    abnormal condition

    choledocholithiasis - presence of stone in the common bile duct
  55. -prandial
    meal

    postprandial - after meal

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