head anatomy final trial.txt

Card Set Information

Author:
jabutton4
ID:
90501
Filename:
head anatomy final trial.txt
Updated:
2011-06-13 17:05:40
Tags:
Questions options
Folders:

Description:
head anatomy
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user jabutton4 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. 53. What type of fibers from CN V innervate the temporalis muscle?
    • a. GSE
    • b. SVE (Pharyngeal arch 1, muscles of mastication)
    • c. GVE
    • d. SSE
    • e. none of the above
  2. 65. The ____ nerve is responsible for innervation of the superior oblique muscle.
    • a. optic
    • b. trochlear (CN 4)
    • c. abducens
    • d. vagus
    • e. spinal accessory
  3. 74. Which cranial nerve provides GVE innervation to the gut?
    • a. IV
    • b. V
    • c. X
    • d. XII
  4. 75. Innervation to the lateral rectus muscle is:
    • a. VI (CN 6 abducens)
    • b. IV
    • c. V
    • d. IX
  5. 76. Innervation to the muscles of mastication is via:
    • a. III
    • b. VII
    • c. XII
    • d. V
  6. 152. Which of the following muscles is not innervated by the trigeminal nerve?
    • a. masseter
    • b. buccinator
    • c. medial pterygoid
    • d. temporalis
  7. * Muscles of mastication, there are 4 total. All of these muscles are innervated by V3 (of CN 5) and they consist of:
    masseter, temporalis, medial pterygoid, lateral pterygoid.
  8. 153.The most important factor in stabilizing the temporomandibular joint and maintaining the mandibular condyle in the mandibular fossa is the:
    • a. muscles of mastication
    • b. temporomandibular ligament
    • c. stylonmandibular ligament
    • d. sphenomandibular ligament
    • e. capsule of the temporomandibular joint
  9. 156. Which of the following does not help to open the jaw?
    • a. medial pterygoid muscle
    • b. lateral pterygoid muscle
    • c. geniohyoid muscle
    • d. mylohyoid muscle
    • e. anterior belly of the digastric muscle
  10. * Things that open the jaw: gravity, lateral pterygoid, mylohyoid, anterior belly of digastric, and geniohyoid.
  11. 155. The parotid duct:
    • a. crosses the masseter muscle
    • b. is usually accompanied by the transverse facial artery
    • c. opens into vestibule opposite the second molar
    • d. passes through the buccinators muscle
    • e. all of the above
  12. 172. The vessels and nerves of the scalp are located predominantly in:
    • A. the outer skin layer (S)
    • B. the dense connective tissue layer (C)
    • C. the aponeurotic layer (A)
    • D. the loose connective tissue (L)
    • E. the periosteal layer (P)
  13. 173. Which of the following is not a muscle of facial expression:
    • A. orbicularis oculi
    • B. orbicularis oris
    • C. frontalis
    • D. platysma
    • E. all of the above are muscles of facial expression
  14. 170. Sensory nerves of the cheek include:
    • A. buccal branch of CN VII
    • B. buccal branch of V3
    • C. both a and b are correct
    • D. neither a nor b are correct
  15. 176. What is the origin of the muscles of mastication?
    • A. pharyngeal arch 1
    • B. pharyngeal arch 2
    • C. pharyngeal arch 3
    • D. pharyngeal arch 4
  16. 177. What is the origin of the mandible?
    • A. pharyngeal arch 1
    • B. pharyngeal arch 2
    • C. pharyngeal arch 3
    • D. pharyngeal arch 4
  17. 178. What is the origin of the muscles of facial expression?
    • A. pharyngeal arch 1
    • B. pharyngeal arch 2
    • C. pharyngeal arch 3
    • D. pharyngeal arch 4
  18. 179. What cranial nerve is associated with structures derived from pharyngeal arch 3?
    • A. III
    • B. V
    • C. VII
    • D. IX (CN 9 Glossopharyngeal, it innervates the stylopharyngeus)
  19. 186. Which of the following statements is true regarding the venous drainage of the scalp?
    • A. the anterior retromandibular vein connects with the posterior auricular vein to form the internal
    • jugular vein (should be external jugular vein)
    • B. the occipital vein drains with the posterior auricular vein into the posterior retromandibular vein
    • C. both a and b are correct
    • D. neither a nor b are correct
  20. 323. Which of the following is true regarding the buccinator?
    • a. it is continuous with the superior constrictor m
    • b. it develops from the first pharyngeal arch (should be second pharyngeal arch)
    • c. it is innervated by branches of the mandibular nerve (should be facial nerve CN 7)
    • d. it is considered a muscle of mastication (muscle of facial expression)
  21. 324. What branch of the facial artery supplies the side of the nose?
    • a. superior labial artery
    • b. infraorbital artery
    • c. lacrimal artery
    • d. angular artery
  22. 459. Where does the parotid duct empty?
    • a. upper 2nd molar
    • b. upper canine
    • c. lower 2nd molar
    • d. upper 3rd molar
  23. 460. What cranial nerve is related to secretomotor function of the parotid gland?
    • a. CN X
    • b. CN V
    • c. CN IX (CN 9 glossopharyngeal)
    • d. CN VII
  24. 461. What nerve fibers are related to secretomotor innervation to the parotid gland?
    • a. GSE
    • b. SVE
    • c. GVE (general visceral efferent. Sympathetic and parasympathetic motor to heart, smooth muscle in the eye and GLANDS)
    • d. GVA
  25. 462. What nerve fibers are related to motor function of the temporalis muscle?
    • a. GSE
    • b. SVE (Special visceral efferent. Pharyngeal arch 1, muscles of mastication)
    • c. GVE
    • d. GVA
  26. 463. Which of the following is true regarding the buccinator?
    • a. it inserts onto the coronoid process of the mandible (inserts onto orbicularis oris)
    • b. it develops from the second pharyngeal arch (muscles of facial expression, CN 7, SVE fibers)
    • c. it is innervated by branches of the mandibular nerve (should be CN 7)
    • d. it is considered a muscle of mastication (muscle of facial expression)
  27. 465. Motor innervation to the orbicularis oculi is via:
    • a. CN VII (muscle of facial expression, SVE fibers, pharyngeal arch 2)
    • b. CN V
    • c. both a and b are correct
    • d. neither a nor b are correct
  28. 466. Which of the following innervates the scalp?
    • a. ventral rami of C2 and C3
    • b. dorsal rami of C2 and C3
    • c. both a and b are correct
    • d. neither a nor b are correct
  29. 478. Which of the following is not a derivative of the fourth and sixth pharyngeal arches?
    • a. arytenoid cartilage
    • b. superior 1/3 of the esophagus
    • c. lower part of the body of the hyoid
    • d. pharyngeal constrictor muscles
  30. 479. Which of the following muscles is not derived from pharyngeal arch I?
    • a. temporalis
    • b. posterior digastrics (not a muscle of mastication)
    • c. geniohyoid
    • d. lateral pterygoid
  31. 503. Which of the following statements is true regarding the arterial supply of the scalp?
    • A. Both the supraorbital and suprtrochlear arteries supply the area above the eyes (both of these arteries are branches off of the internal carotid artery)
    • B. all arteries are derived from the external carotid artery (they are derived by external and internal carotid arteries)
    • C. both a and b are correct
    • D. neither a nor b are correct
  32. 505. Which of the following is not a muscle of facial expression:
    • a. orbicularis oculi
    • c. frontalis
    • c. platysma
    • e. genioglossus
  33. 506. What is the origin of the anterior belly of the digastric?
    • a. pharyngeal arch 1 (Because this muscle is considered a muscle of mastication)
    • b. pharyngeal arch 2
    • c. pharyngeal arch 3
    • d. pharyngeal arch 4
  34. 577. The action(s) of the lateral pterygoid muscle include:
    • a. rotation of the mandible
    • b. protraction of the mandible
    • c. both a and b are correct
    • d. neither a nor b are correct
  35. * This muscle inserts onto the TMJ
  36. 144. Openings of the temporomandibular joint capsule include the:
    • a. stylomastoid foremen
    • b. inferior orbital fissure
    • c. both a and b are correct
    • d. neither a nor b are correct
  37. * The TMJ is a hinge-synovial joint, has fibrocartilage, and a disc. It is innervated by two nerves 1. Auriculotemporal nerve 2. Masseteric nerve of V3.
  38. 150. Which of the following muscles protrudes the mandible:
    • a. lateral pterygoid muscle
    • b. anterior belly of the digastric muscle
    • c. temporalis muscle
    • d. mentalis muscle
    • e. platysma
  39. *Things that protrude the jaw: lateral pterygoids (main one), masseter, and medial pterygoid.
  40. 159. Innervation of the levator palpebrae superioris muscle is via:
    • a. CN III
    • b. CN IV
    • c. CN V
    • d. CN VI
  41. 160. The sphinctor papillary muscle is innervated by:
    • a. parasympathetic fibers from CN III
    • b. sympathetic fibers from the superior cervical ganglion
    • c. GSE fibers from CN IV
    • d. SVE fibers from CN VII
  42. * Muscle of the iris
  43. 228. Which of the following is not a correct relationship between pharyngeal arch development and the cranial nerves?
    • a. arch I --> CN V (muscles of mastication)
    • b. arch II --> CN VII (muscles of facial expression)
    • c. arch III --> CN IX (stylopharyngeus)
    • d. arch IV & VI --> CN X & XI (muscles of the pharynx and larynx)
    • e. all of the above relationships are correct
  44. * SVE fibers, motor to each of those muscles
  45. 322. Which of the following is true regarding the parotid gland?
    • a. empties into the oral cavity via Warton�s duct (should be Stensens duct)
    • b. it is innervated by CN VII (should be CN 9)
    • c. it cups the ramus of the mandible
    • d. it is a compound endocrine gland (should be exocrine, exocrine glands secrete products into ducts, this contrasts endocrine glands which secrete products directly into the bloodstream without a duct)
  46. * Sensory innervations from great auricular and auriculotemporal nerves (V3) and parasympathetic innervations from CN IX for fluid release.
  47. 325. Sensory innervation to the orbicularis oculi is via:
    • a. CN VII
    • b. CN V
    • c. both a and b are correct
    • d. neither a nor b are correct
  48. 329. The sebaceous glands of the eyelid are found in what layer?
    • a. skin
    • b. loose connective tissue
    • c. muscular layer
    • d. conjunctiva
  49. 361. Weakness of the anterior digastric may be related to what nerve?
    • a. facial
    • b. trigeminal (CN 5)
    • c. accessory
    • d. hypoglossal
  50. 377. The ____ nerve is responsible for innervation of the stylohyoid muscle.
    • a. glossopharyngeal
    • b. facial (CN 7)
    • c. trigeminal
    • d. vagus
  51. 508. What is the origin of the pharyngeal constrictor muscles?
    • a. pharyngeal arch 1
    • b. pharyngeal arch 2
    • c. pharyngeal arch 3
    • d. pharyngeal arch 4
  52. 646. Which of the following is not supplied by branches of the internal carotid artery?
    • a. lacrimal gland
    • b. forehead
    • c. paranasal sinuses
    • d. levator labii superioris m
  53. 145.Middle ethmoid air cells empties into the:
    • a. laryngopharynx
    • b. nasopharynx
    • c. middle nasal meatus
    • d. superior nasal meatus
  54. 146. Maxillary sinuses empty into:
    • a. laryngopharynx
    • b. nasopharynx
    • c. nasopharynx
    • c. middle nasal meatus
    • d. superior nasal meatus
  55. 147. Innervation to the lateral nasal wall is provided by all of the following except:
    • a. CN V1
    • b. CN V2
    • c. branches of the pterygopalatine ganglion
    • d. anterior ethmoidal nerve
    • e. posterior ethmoidal nerve
  56. 148. The cribiform plate of the anterior cranial cavity is associated with:
    • a. the olfactory bulb
    • b. the frontal nerve
    • c. the supratrochlear nerve
    • d. the optic nerve
    • e. the maxillary nerve
  57. 149. All of the following bones contain paranasal sinuses except:
    • a. maxilla
    • b. sphenoid
    • c. temporal
    • d. frontal
  58. 151. The otic ganglion in the infratemporal fossa is functionally associated with which cranial nerve?
    • a. IX
    • b. X
    • c. VII
    • d. V
    • e. XI
  59. 154. The blood and nerve supply to the nasal septum are derived from the:
    • a. greater palatine nerve and the descending palatine artery
    • b. lesser palatine artery and descending palatine nerve
    • c. incisive artery and incisive nerve
    • d. sphenopalatine artery and nasopalatine nerve
  60. 157. Concerning the nasal cavity:
    • a. the middle and inferior chonchae are portions of the ethmoid bone
    • b. the sensory innervation to the anterior portion is chiefly via the mandibular division of the
    • trigeminal nerve
    • c. the arterial supply to this area is via branches from both the internal and external carotid
    • arteries
    • d. the frontal sinus drains into the superior meatus
    • e. all of the above
  61. 313. Which of the following is a paired dural venous sinus?
    • a. inferior sagittal sinus
    • b. superior sagittal sinus
    • c. superior petrosal sinus
    • d. occipital sinus
  62. 330. The nasolacrimal duct opens into the:
    • a. middle nasal meatus
    • b. superior nasal conchae
    • c. inferior nasal meatus
    • d. nasal choanae
  63. 367. A lesion of the GVE nucleus of cranial nerve VII would produce a deficit in the:
    • a. function of the parotid gland
    • b. function of the lacrimal gland
    • c. downward gaze of the contralateral eye
    • d. function of the platysma
  64. * Remember GVE fibers innervate glands and CN 7 innervates the lacrimal gland.
  65. 578. The secretomotor innervation of the lacrimal gland is via:
    • a. CN II
    • b. CN V
    • c. CN III
    • d. CN VII
  66. 68. The cell bodies for preganglionic fibers to the sphincter papillary muscle are located in the:
    • a. ciliary ganglia
    • b. superior cervical ganglia
    • c. superior salivatory nucleus
    • d. brainstem
  67. 161. The origin of the superior rectus muscle is:
    • a. nasalis bones
    • b. maxilla
    • c. common tendinous ring
    • d. sphenoid
  68. 332. Which of the following relationships is not correct?
    • a. superior rectus: common tendinous ring
    • b. superior oblique: CN IV
    • c. inferior oblique: CN VI (should be CN III)
    • d. medial rectus: inserts into sclera, between equator and corneal magin
  69. 333. Which of the following best describes the levator palpebrae superioris?
    • a. Origin: medial edge of orbital floor (should be sphenoid bone)
    • b. Insertion: attaches to upper lid
    • c. Action: turns eye up and slightly medially (should be elevates the eyelid)
    • d. Innervation: CN IV (should be CN III)
  70. 334. Which of the following is not supplied by branches of the ophthalmic artery?
    • a. lacrimal gland
    • b. forehead
    • c. paranasal sinuses
    • d. levator labii superioris m
  71. 455. Cranial nerves III, IV, and VI are all associated with what blood vessel?
    • a. middle cerebral artery
    • b. transverse sinus
    • c. opthalmic artery
    • d. sigmoid sinus
  72. 469. Sensory innervation to the eye is via what cranial nerve?
    • a. Facial
    • b. Trigeminal
    • c. both a and b are correct
    • d. neither a nor b are correct
  73. 487. Cranial nerves III, IV, and VI are all related to:
    • a. visuomotor functions
    • b. superior cerebellar peduncle
    • c. inferior colliculus
    • d. diencephalon
  74. 29. Which of the following statements is true?
    • A. the diploic veins are located between layers of dura
    • B. the emissary veins connect the dural venous sinuses with veins on the outside of the
    • skull
    • C. the vessels of the scalp lie in the aponeurotic layer (should be loose connective tissue)
    • D. the frontalis muscle is anchored to the bone over the orbits
    • E. only the ophthalmic division of CN V supplies skin of the scalp
  75. 39. Touch, pain, and temperature from the anterior 2/3 of the tongue is transmitted by:
    • a. CN V (GSA)
    • b. CN VII
    • c. CN IX
    • d. CN X
  76. 41. What cranial nerves all have preganglionic parasympathetic fibers?
    • a. IX, X, XI
    • b. V, VII, IX, XI
    • c. III, IV, VI
    • d. III, VII, IX, X
    • e. none of the above
  77. 44. CN V provides _____ innervation around the eyes.
    • a. sensory
    • b. motor
    • c. both a and b
    • d. neither a nor b
  78. 45. Special visceral efferent fibers are related to:
    • a. muscles of the tongue
    • b. extraocular muscles of the eye
    • c. muscles of facial expression
    • d. both a and b are correct
    • b. all of the above (a,b,c) are correct
  79. 49. Innervation of the dura of the anterior cranial fossa is via:
    • a. branches of the ophthalmic division of the trigeminal nerve
    • b. supratrochlear branch of the trigeminal nerve
    • c. branches of the maxillary division of the trigeminal nerve
    • d. recurrent meningeal branches of the vagus nerve
  80. 82. Your patient present with atrophy of the platysma muscle. You suspect a lesion is which Cranial Nerve?
    • a. CN VII (CN 7 facial nerve)
    • b. CN V
    • c. CN XI
    • d. CN X
  81. 407. The otic ganglion in the infratemporal fossa is functionally associated with which cranial nerve?
    • a. IX
    • b. X
    • c. VII
    • d. V
    • e. XI
  82. 411. CN V provides _____ innervation around the eyes.
    • a. sensory
    • b. motor
    • c. both a and b
    • d. neither a nor b
  83. 454. Innervation of the dura of the posterior cranial fossa is via:
    • a. branches of the ophthalmic division of the trigeminal nerve
    • b. supratrochlear branch of the trigeminal nerve
    • c. branches of the maxillary division of the trigeminal nerve
    • d. recurrent meningeal branches of the vagus nerve
  84. 458. Sensory innervation to the eye is via what cranial nerve?
    • a. Facial
    • b. Trigeminal
    • c. both a and b are correct
    • d. neither a nor b are correct
  85. 465. Motor innervation to the orbicularis oculi is via:
    • a. CN VII
    • b. CN V
    • c. both a and b are correct
    • d. neither a nor b are correct
  86. 499. In a patient with an acute onset of Bell�s Palsy on the left, which of the following is true?
    • a. The patient will present with flaccid paralysis of the left sided facial muscles
    • b. The patient will have difficulty opening the left eye
    • c. The patient will have difficulty closing the left eye
    • d. Both A and B are correct
    • e. Both A and C are correct

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview