Medical_Terminology_Notecards.txt

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jfortman
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Medical_Terminology_Notecards.txt
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2011-06-14 10:12:33
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Medical Terminology Marietta College PA
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Marietta College PA Program Class of 2013 Medical Terminology
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  1. Gastr/o
    Stomach
  2. Hepat/o
    Liver
  3. Nephr/o
    Ren/o
    Kidney
  4. Oste/o
    Bone
  5. Dermat/o
    Cutane/o
    Skin
  6. Chondr/o
    Cartilage
  7. Splen/o
    Spleen
  8. Hyster/o
    Uterus
  9. Enter/o
    Intestine
  10. Neur/o
    Nerve
  11. Arthr/o
    Joint
  12. Angi/o
    Vascul/o
    Aort/o
    Vessel (blood and lymph)

    Aorta
  13. Cardi/o
    Heart
  14. Bronchi/o
    Bronch/o
    Bronchus/bronchi
  15. Pneum/o
    Pneumon/o
    Lung
  16. My/o
    Muscle
  17. Aden/o
    Gland
  18. Hem/o
    Hemat/o
    Blood
  19. Myel/o
    • Bone marrow
    • Spinal cord
  20. Encephal/o
    Brain
  21. Cyst/o
    Vesic/o
    Bladder
  22. Epi-
    Above; upon
  23. Hypo-
    Infra-
    Sub-
    Under; below; deficit
  24. Inter-
    Between
  25. Post-
    After; behind
  26. Pre-
    Pro-
    Ante-
    Before; in front of; forward
  27. Retro-
    Backward; behind
  28. Bi-
    Two
  29. Dipl-
    Diplo-
    Double
  30. Hemi-
    One half
  31. Hyper-
    Excessive; above normal
  32. Macro-
    Large
  33. Micro-
    Small
  34. Mono-
    Uni-
    One
  35. Multi-
    Poly-
    Many; much
  36. Primi-
    First
  37. Quadri-
    Four
  38. Tri-
    Three
  39. Ab-
    From; away from
  40. Ad-
    Toward
  41. Circum-
    Peri-
    Around
  42. Dia-
    Trans-
    Through; across
  43. Ecto-
    Exo-
    Extra-
    Outside; outward
  44. Endo-
    Intra-
    In; within
  45. Para-
    Near; beside; beyond
  46. Super-
    Supra-
    Upper; excessive; above
  47. a-
    an-
    Without; not
  48. Anti-
    Contra-
    Against
  49. Brady-
    Slow
  50. Dys-
    Bad; diffiicult; painful
  51. Eu-
    Good; normal
  52. Hetero-
    Different
  53. Homo-
    Homeo-
    Same
  54. Mal-
    Bad
  55. Pan-
    All
  56. Pseudo-
    False
  57. Super-
    Above; upper
  58. Syn-
    Union; together; joined
  59. Tachy-
    Rapid
  60. Trans-
    Across
  61. -centesis
    Surgical puncture
  62. -ectomy
    Excision; removal
  63. -lysis
    Separation; destruction; loosening
  64. -pexy
    Fixation (of an organ)
  65. -plasty
    Surgical repair
  66. -stomy
    Forming of an opening (mouth)
  67. -tomy
    Incision
  68. -tripsy
    Crushing
  69. -gram
    Record; writing
  70. -graphy
    Process of recording
  71. -scope
    Instrument for examining
  72. -scopy
    Visual examination
  73. -algia
    -dynia
    Pain
  74. -cele
    Hernia; swelling
  75. -ectasis
    Dilation; expansion
  76. -edema
    Swelling
  77. -emesis
    Vomitting
  78. -emia
    Blood condition
  79. -gen
    -genesis
    Forming; producing; origin
  80. -iasis
    Abnormal condition (produced by something specific)
  81. -itis
    Inflammation
  82. -lith
    Stone; calculus
  83. -malacia
    Softening
  84. -megaly
    Enlargement
  85. -Oma
    Tumor
  86. -osis
    Abnormal condition; increase
  87. -pathy
    Disease
  88. -penia
    Decrease; deficiency
  89. -phagia
    Eating; swallowing
  90. -phasia
    Speech
  91. -phobia
    Fear
  92. -plasia
    -plasm
    Formation; growth
  93. -plegia
    Paralysis
  94. -rrhage
    -rrhagia
    Bursting forth
  95. -rrhea
    Discharge; flow
  96. -sclerosis
    Abnormal condition of hardening
  97. -spasm
    Involuntary contraction; twitching
  98. -toxic
    Poison
  99. -trophy
    Nourishment; development
  100. -esis
    -ia
    -ism
    Condition
  101. Hypochondriac
    Regions beneath the ribs on each side (right/left)
  102. Epigastric
    Region above the stomach
  103. Lumbar
    Middle lateral regions (right/left)
  104. Umbilical
    Region of the naval
  105. Inguinal
    Lower lateral regions (right/left)
  106. Hypogastric
    Lower middle region beneath the naval
  107. Abduction
    Movement away from the midsagittal (median) plane of the body or one of its parts
  108. Adduction
    Movement toward the midsaggital (median) plane of the body
  109. Medial
    Pertaining to the midline of the body or structure
  110. Lateral
    Pertaining to a side of the body or structure
  111. Superior (cephalad)
    Toward the head or upper portion of a structure
  112. Inferior (caudal)
    Away from the head, or toward the tail or lower portion of a structure
  113. Proximal
    Nearer to the center (trunk of the body) or to the point of attachment to the body
  114. Distal
    Further from the center (trunk of the body) or from the point of attachment to the body
  115. Anterior (ventral)
    Front of the body
  116. Posterior (dorsal)
    Back of the body
  117. Parietal
    Pertaining to the outer wall of the body or cavity
  118. Visceral
    Pertaining to the viscera, or internal organs, especially the abdominal organs
  119. Prone
    Lying on abdomen, face down
  120. Supine
    Lying horizontally on the back face up
  121. Inversion
    Turning inward or inside out
  122. Eversion
    Turning outward
  123. Palmar
    Pertaining to the palm of the hand
  124. Plantar
    Pertaining to the sole of the foot
  125. Superficial
    Toward the surface of the body (external)
  126. Deep
    Away from the surface of the body
  127. Coronal
    Frontal
    Vertical field passing through the body from side to side, dividing the body into anterior and posterior portions
  128. Sagittal
    Vertical field running through the body from front to back, dividing the body into right and left sides
  129. Transverse
    Horizontal field dividing the body into upper and lower portioms
  130. Albin/o
    Leuk/o
    White
  131. Chlor/o
    Green
  132. Chrom/o
    Color
  133. Cirrh/o
    Jaund/o
    Xanth/o
    Yellow
  134. Cyan/o
    Blue
  135. Erythr/o
    Red
  136. Melan/o
    Black
  137. Poli/o
    Gray; gray matter (of brain and spinal cord)
  138. Ablation
    Removal of a part, pathway, or function by by surgery, chemical destructuon, electrocautery, freezing, or radio frequency
  139. Adhesion
    Abnormal fibrous band that hold or binds together tissues that are normally separated
  140. Anastomosis
    Surgical joining of two ducts, vessels, or bowel segments
  141. Cauterize
    Destroy tissue by electricity, freezing, heat, or corrosive chemicals
  142. Curettage
    Scraping of a body cavity with a spoon-shaped instrument called a curette
  143. Dehiscence
    Bursting open of a wound, especially a surgical abdominal wound
  144. Exacerbation
    Increase in severity of a disease or its symptoms
  145. Febrile
    Feverish, pertaining to fever
  146. Iatrogenic
    Produced by a physician (the unexpected results from a treatment prescribed by a physician)
  147. Idiopathic
    Pertaining to a disease of unknown origin
  148. Inflammation
    Body defense against injury, infection, or allergy that is marked by redness, swelling, heat, pain, and sometimes, loss of function
  149. Morbid
    Diseased; pertaining to disease
  150. Nocturnal
    Pertaining to or occuring at night
  151. Sepsis
    Pathalogical state, usually febrile, resulting from the presence of microorganisms or their products in the bloodstream
  152. Suppurative
    Producing or associated with generation of pus
  153. Ankyl/o
    Stiffness; bent; crooked
  154. Kyph/o
    Humpback
  155. Lord/o
    Curve; swayback
  156. Spondyl/o
    Vertebr/o
    Vertebrae
  157. Leiomy/o
    Smooth muscle; visceral
  158. -asthenia
    Weakness; debility
  159. -clasia
    To break
  160. -clast
    To break
  161. -desis
    Binding; fixation
  162. -malacia
    Softening
  163. -physis
    Growth
  164. -porosis
    Porous
  165. Claudication
    Lameness; limping
  166. Contracture
    Fibrosis of connective tissue in skin, fascia, muscle, or joint capsule that prevents normal mobility of related tissue or joint
  167. Crepitation
    Dry, grating sound or sensation caused by bone ends rubbing together from fracture or joint destruction
  168. Hemarthrosis
    Effusion of blood into a joint cavity
  169. Hypotonia
    Loss of muscular tone or diminished resistance to passive stretching
  170. Osteophyte
    Bony outgrowth; bone spur
  171. Sprain
    Tearing of ligament tissue
  172. Strain
    Muscular injury
  173. Subluxation
    Partial or incomplete dislocation
  174. Kinesi/o
    Movement
  175. Narc/o
    Sleep; stupor; numbness
  176. Radicul/o
    Nerve root
  177. Ton/o
    Tenision
  178. -algesia
    -algia
    Pain
  179. -esthesia
    Feeling
  180. -lepsy
    Seizure
  181. -paresis
    Partial paralysis
  182. -plegia
    Paralysis
  183. -taxia
    Order; coordination
  184. Convulsion
    Any sudden and violent contraction of one or more muscles
  185. Dementia
    Broad term that refers to cognitive deficit; including memory impairment
  186. Fasciculation
    Involuntary contraction of twitching muscle fibers, visible under the skin
  187. Lethargy
    Abnormal inactivity or lack of response to normal stimuli
  188. Palsy
    Paralysis, usually partial, and commonly characterized by weakness and shaking or uncontrolled tremor
  189. Paralysis
    Loss of voluntary motion in one or more muscle groups with or without loss of sensation
  190. Paresthesia
    Sensation of numbness, prickling, tingling, or heightened sensitivity
  191. Syncope
    Temporary loss of consciousness due to sudden decline in blood flow to the brain
  192. Or/o
    Stomat/o
    Mouth
  193. Gloss/o
    Lingu/o
    Tongue
  194. Bucc/o
    Cheek
  195. Cheil/o
    Labi/o
    Lip
  196. Sial/o
    Saliva, salivary gland
  197. Cholangi/o
    Bile vessel
  198. Chol/e
    Bile; gall
  199. Cholecyst/o
    Gall bladder
  200. Choledoch/o
    Bile duct
  201. -iasis
    Abnormal condition produced by something specific
  202. -megaly
    Enlargement
  203. -orexia
    Appetite
  204. -pepsia
    Digestion
  205. -phagia
    Swallowing; eating
  206. -prandial
    Meal
  207. Ascites
    Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen
  208. Borborygmi
    Rumbling or gurgling noises that are audible at a distance and caused by the passage of gas through the liquid contents of the intestine
  209. Cachexia
    Physical wasting that includes loss of weight and muscle mass
  210. Colic
    Spasm in any hollow or tubular soft organ accompanied by pain
  211. Flatus
    Expulsion of gas in GI tract from a body orifice, especially anus
  212. Hematemesis
    Vomitting of blood
  213. Melena
    Passage of dark-colored, tarry stool, due to the presence of blood altered by intestinal juices
  214. Obstipation
    Severe constipation
  215. Peristalsis
    Progressive, wavelike movements that occurs involuntarily in hollow tubes of the body, especially the GI tract
  216. Steatorrhea
    Passage of fat in feces due to failure to digest and absorb it
  217. Atel/o
    Incomplete; imperfect
  218. Coni/o
    Dust
  219. Lob/o
    Lobe
  220. Orth/o
    Straight
  221. Ox/i
    Ox/o
    Oxygen
  222. Phren/o
    Diaphragm; mind
  223. Spir/o
    Breathe
  224. -capnia
    CO2
  225. -osmia
    Smell
  226. -phonia
    Voice
  227. -pnea
    Breathing
  228. -ptysis
    Spitting
  229. Auscultation
    Listening for sounds within the body using a stethoscope
  230. Epitaxis
    Nosebleed
  231. Hypoxemia
    Deficiency of oxygen in the blood
  232. Hypoxia
    Deficiency of oxygen in tissues
  233. Pleurisy
    Inflammation of the pleural membranes that causes pain and is increased by coughing or deep breathing
  234. Spirometry
    A measurement of breathing or lung volumes
  235. Ather/o
    Fatty plaque
  236. Hemangi/o
    Blood vessel
  237. Phleb/o
    Ven/o
    Vein
  238. Sten/o
    Narrowing; stricture
  239. Thromb/o
    Blood clot
  240. Arrhythmia
    Inability of the heart to maintain a normal rhythm
  241. Bruit
    Soft blowing sound heard on auscultation, possibly due to vibrations associated with the movement of blood, valvular action, or both; murmur
  242. Cardiomyopathy
    Any disease or weakening of the heart muscle that diminishes cardiac function
  243. Coarctation
    Narrowing of a vessel, especially aorta
  244. Embolus
    Mass of undissolved matter (foreign object, air, gas, tissue, thrombus) ciculating in blood or lymphatic channels until it becomes lodged in a vessel
  245. Infarct
    Area of tissue that undergoes necrosis following cessation of blood supply
  246. Ischemia
    Local and temporary deficiency of blood supply due to circulatory obstruction
  247. Palpitation
    Sensation that the heart is not beating normally
  248. Thrombus
    Blood clot that obstructs a vessel
  249. Meat/o
    Opening; meatus
  250. Pyel/o
    Renal pelvis
  251. Ur/o
    Urine; urinary tract
  252. Andr/o
    Male
  253. Balan/o
    Glans penis
  254. Orch/o
    Orchi/o
    Orchid/o
    Test/o
    Testis; testes
  255. Perine/o
    Perinium
  256. Varic/o
    Dilated vein
  257. Vas/o
    Vessel; vans deferens; duct
  258. Azot/o
    Nitrogenous compounds
  259. Crypt/o
    Hidden
  260. Kal/i
    Potassium
  261. Noct/o
    Night
  262. Olig/o
    Scanty
  263. Py/o
    Pus
  264. -spadias
    Slit; fissure
  265. -uria
    Urine
  266. Azotemia
    Retention of excessive amounts of nitrogenous compounds (urea, creatinine, uric acid) in the blood; uremia
  267. Dysuria
    Painful or difficult urination
  268. Enuresis
    Involuntary discharge of urine; incontenence
  269. Micturate
    To urinate or void
  270. Oliguria
    Diminished capacity to form and pass urine, resulting from insufficient excretiom of the end products of metabolism
  271. Cervic/o
    Neck; cervix
  272. Colp/o
    Vagin/o
    Vagina
  273. Galact/o
    Lact/o
    Milk
  274. Hyster/o
    Metri/o
    Uter/o
    Uterus
  275. Mamm/o
    Mast/o
    Breast
  276. Men/o
    Menses; menstruation
  277. Nat/o
    Birth
  278. Oophor/o
    Ovari/o
    Ovary
  279. Salping/o
    Tube (fallopian or eustachian)
  280. -arche
    Beginning
  281. -cyesis
    Pregnancy
  282. -gravida
    Pregnant woman
  283. -para
    To bear (offspring)
  284. -salpinx
    Tube (fallopian or eustachian)
  285. -tocia
    Childbirth; labor
  286. -version
    Turning
  287. Atresia
    Congenital absence or closure of a normal body opening
  288. Dyspareunia
    Occurance of pain during sexual intercourse
  289. Puerperium
    Period of 42 days after childbirth, during which the reproductive orgsns usually return to normal
  290. Calc/o
    Calcium
  291. Crin/o
    Secrete
  292. Gluc/o
    Glyc/o
    Glycos/o
    Sugar; sweetness
  293. -toxic
    Poison
  294. Diuresis
    Increased formation and secretion of urine
  295. Hirsutism
    Excessive distribution of body hair, especially in women
  296. Hypervolemia
    Abnormal increase in volume of circulating fluid (plasma) in the body
  297. Virile
    Masculine or having charcteristics of a man
  298. Virilism
    Masculinization in a womsn or development of male secondary sex charcteristics in a woman
  299. Ambly/o
    Dull; dim
  300. Blephar/o
    Eyelid
  301. Dacry/o
    Tear; lacrimal apparatus
  302. Ocul/o
    Opthalm/o
    Eye
  303. Presby/o
    Old age
  304. Scot/o
    Darkness
  305. Ot/o
    Ear
  306. Myring/o
    Tympan/o
    Tympanic membrane
  307. -acusia
    -cusis
    Hearing
  308. -tropia
    Turning
  309. Convergence
    Medial movement of the twi eyeballs so that they are both directed at the object being viewed
  310. Nystagmus
    Involuntary eye movements that appear to be slightly jerky and may reduce vision
  311. Photophobia
    Unusual intolerance and sensitivity to light
  312. Visual field
    Area within which objects may be seen when eye is in a fixed position
  313. Tinnitus
    Perception of ringing, hissing, or other sounds in the ears or head when no external sound is present
  314. Tonsillar
    Pertaining to the tonsil
  315. Vertigo
    Hallucination of movement, ir feeling spinning or dizziness
  316. Enucleation
    Removal of eyeball from the orbit
  317. Adip/o
    Lip/o
    Steat/o
    Fat
  318. Cutane/o
    Derm/o
    Skin
  319. Hidr/o
    Sudor/o
    Sweat
  320. Ichthy/o
    Dry; scaly
  321. Kerat/o
    Horny tissue; hard; cornea
  322. Myc/o
    Fungus
  323. Onych/o
    Ungu/o
    Nail
  324. Pil/o
    Trich/o
    Hair
  325. Scler/o
    Hardening; sclera
  326. Seb/o
    Sebum; sebaceous
  327. Squam/o
    Scale
  328. Xen/o
    Foreign; strange
  329. Xer/o
    Dry
  330. Abrasion
    Scraping away of the skin by mechanical process or injury
  331. Abscess
    Localized collection of pus at the site of an infection
  332. Alopecia
    Partial or complete hair loss
  333. Cellulitis
    Diffuse, acute infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue
  334. Chloasma
    Yellowish-brown pigmentary skin discoloration
  335. Debridement
    Removal of necrotized tissue from a wound by mechanical means
  336. Dermatomycosis
    Infection of the skin caused by fungi
  337. Ecchymosis
    Blue-black, greenish-brown/yellow skin discoloration caused from escaped blood into the tissues; bruise
  338. Erythema
    Redness of the skin caused by swelling of the capillaries
  339. Eschar
    Damaged tissue following a severe burn
  340. Icterus
    Jaundice
  341. Induration
    Abnormal hard spot(s)
  342. Keratosis
    Thickened area of the epidermis or any horny growth on the skin (callous/wart)
  343. Lentigo
    Small brown flat lesions, especially on the face and arms, brought on by sun exposure; mole
  344. Pallor
    Unnatural paleness or absence of color in the skin
  345. Petechia
    Minute, pinpoint hemorrhages under the skin
  346. Pruritus
    Intense itching
  347. Urticaria
    Allergic reaction of the skin characterized by the eruption of pale red, elevated patches called hivea or wheals
  348. Verruca
    Epidermal growth caused by a virus; warts
  349. Vitiligo
    Localized loss of skin pigmentation characterized by milk-white patches
  350. Neutr/o
    Neutral; neither
  351. Phag/o
    Swallowing; eating
  352. Plas/o
    Formation; growth
  353. Ser/o
    Serum
  354. Sider/o
    Iron
  355. -blast
    Embryonic cell
  356. -globin
    Protein
  357. -Phil
    Attraction for
  358. -phylaxis
    Protection
  359. -poiesis
    Formation; production
  360. Disseminated
    Scattered or distributed over a considerable area; scattered through an organ or body
  361. Hematoma
    Localized accumulation of blood, usually clotted, in an organ, space, or tissue due to a break in or severing of a blood vessel
  362. Hemolysis
    Destruction of RBC with release of hemoglobin that diffuses into the surrounding fluid
  363. Hemostasis
    Arrest of bleeding or circulation
  364. Immunity
    State of being protected against infectious disease
  365. Septicemia
    Serious, life-threatening bloodstream infection that may arise from other infections throughout the body
  366. Titer
    Blood test that measures the amount of antibodies in blood; indicator of immune status

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