PSYCHOLOGY TEST 1

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Author:
jeromesimmons
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90594
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PSYCHOLOGY TEST 1
Updated:
2011-06-14 23:33:48
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PSY101
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  1. WHAT IS PSYCHOLOGY
    THE STUDY OF BEHAVIORAL, MENTAL AND EMOTIONAL PROCESSES.
  2. WHAT IS CRITICAL THINKING
    PROCESS OF OBJECTIVELY EVALUATING, COMPARING, ANALYZING, AND SYNTHESIZING INFORMATION
  3. WHAT ARE PSYCHOLOGY'S FOUR MAIN GOALS
    DESCRIBE, EXPLAIN, PREDICT AND CHANGE BEHAVIOR AND MENTAL PROCESSES
  4. WHO IS WILLIAM JAMES
    LEADING FORCE IN THE FUNCTIONALIST SCHOOL OF PSYCHOLOGY, WHICH STRESSED THE ADAPTIVE AND PRACTICAL FUNCTIONS OF HUMAN BEHAVIOR
  5. WHAT IS PSYCHOANALYTIC/PSYCHODYNAMIC PERSPECTIVE
    UNCONSCIOUS PROCESSES AND UNRESOLVED PAST CONFLICTS
  6. WHAT IS FUNCTIONALISM
    THE MIND FUNCTIONS TO ADAPT HUMAN AND NONHUMAN ANIMALS TO THEIR ENVIRONMENT.
  7. WHAT IS STRUCTURALISM
    THE STRUCTURE OF MENTAL LIFE
  8. WHAT IS BEHAVIORAL PERSPECTIVE
    EMPHASIZES OBJECTIVE, OBSERVABLE ENVIRONMENTAL INFLUENCES ON OVERT BEHAVIOR
  9. WHAT IS HUMANISTIC PERSPECTIVE
    FREE WILL, SELF-ACTUALIZATION, AND HUMAN NATURE AS NATURALLY POSITIVE AND GROWTH SEEKING
  10. WHO IS SIGMUND FREUD
    FOUNDER OF PSYCHOANALYTIC AND AN INFLUENTIAL THEORY OF PERSONALITY
  11. WHO IS B.F. SKINNER
    PROMINENT FIGURE IN BEHAVIORISM AND ONE OF THE MOST INFLUENTIAL PSYCHOLOGISTS OF THE 20TH CENTURY
  12. WHAT IS COGNITIVE PERSPECTIVE
    THINKING, PERCEIVING, AND INFORMATION PROCESSING
  13. WHAT IS INDEPENDENT VARIABLE
    VARIABLE THAT IS MANIPULATED TO DETERMINE ITS CASUAL EFFECT ON THE DEPENDENT VARIABLE
  14. WHAT IS DEPENDENT VARIABLE
    VARIABLE THAT IS MEASURED; IT IS AFFECTED BY THE INDEPENDENT VARIABLE
  15. WHAT IS DOUBLE BLIND
    PROCEDURE IN WHICH BOTH THE RESEARCHER AND THE PARTICIPANT ARE UNAWARE (BLIND) OF WHO IS IN THE EXPERIMENTAL OR CONTROL GROUP
  16. WHAT IS EXPERIMENTAL BIAS
    OCCURS WHEN RESEARCHER INFLUENCES RESEARCH RESULTS IN THE EXPECTED DIRECTION
  17. WHAT IS RANDOM ASSIGNMENT
    USING CHANCE METHODS TO ASSIGN PARTICIPANTS TO EXPERIMENTAL OR CONTROL CONDITIONS, THUS MINIMIZING THE POSSIBILITY OF BIASES OR PREEXISTING DIFFERENCES IN THE GROUP
  18. WHAT IS PLACEBO
    FAKE TREATMENT USED AS A CONTROL TECHNIQUE
  19. WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF RESEARCH METHODS
    EXPERIMENTAL, DESCRIPTIVE, CORRELATIONAL AND BIOLOGICAL
  20. WHAT IS SAMPLE BAIS
    OCCURS WHEN RESEARCH PARTICIPANTS ARE NOT REPRESENTATIVE OF THE LARGER POPULATION
  21. WHAT IS PARTICIPANT BIAS
    EXPERIMENTAL CONDITIONS INFLUENCE THE PARTICIPANTS BEHAVIOR OR MENTAL PROCESSES
  22. ANOTHER TERM FOR ALTRUISM
    SELF-AUTHORIZATION
  23. CONFORMITY
    CHANGING BEHAVIOR BECAUSE OF REAL OR IMAGINED GROUP PRESSURE
  24. GROUP THINK
    FAULTY OR TEAM DECISION MAKING THAT OCCURS WHEN A HIGHLY COHESIVE GROUP STRIVES FOR AGREEMENT AND AVOIDS INCONSISTENT INFORMATION (DIAGRAM 16.1 PG.567)
  25. WHAT ARE TWO MAJOR CHARACTERISTICS OF HYPOTHESIS
    TESTABLE AND OPERATIONALLY DEFINE
  26. ATTITUDE
    PREDISPOSITION TOWARD A PARTICULAR OBJECT.
  27. COMPONENTS OF ATTITUDE
    COGNITIVE,AFFECTIVE, AND BEHAVIORAL TENDENCIES
  28. PREJUDICE
    NEGATIVE ATTITUDE TOWARDS MEMBERS OF A GROUP.(STEREOTYPE AND DISCRIMINATION) (CONTAINS ALL THREE COMPONENTS OF ATTITUDES)
  29. DISCRIMINATION
    NEGATIVE BEHAVIOR DIRECTED AT MEMBERS OF A GROUP.
  30. THE BEST PREDICTED BYSTANDER INTERVENTION
    NUMBERS OF BYSTANDERS
  31. WHAT IS THE INITIAL FACTOR IN ATTRACTIVINESS
    PHYSICAL ATTRACTION
  32. WHAT IS THE. . .FACTOR IN A LONG TERM RELATIONSHP
    SIMILARITIES
  33. ATTRACTION
  34. (F)UNDAMENTAL (A)TTRIBUTION (E)RROR
    MISJUDGING THE CAUSES OF OTHERS BEHAVIOR AS DUE TO INTERNAL(DISPOSTIONAL) CAUSES RATHER EXTERNAL(SITUATIONAL)
  35. COGNITIVE DISSONANCE

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