a&e final medic12

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a&e final medic12
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2011-06-15 10:58:32
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a&e final medic12
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  1. deltoid
    • o: clavicle & scapula
    • i: deltoid tuberosity of humerus
    • a: abduction at shoulder
  2. o: clavicle & scapula
    deltoid
  3. i: deltoid tuberosity of humerus
    deltoid
  4. a: abduction at shoulder
    deltoid
  5. biceps branchii
    • o: short head from coracoid process & long head from supraglenoid tubercle
    • i: tuberosity of radius
    • a: flexion @ shoulder & elbow; supination
  6. o: short head from coracoid process & long head from supraglenoid tubercle
    biceps branchii
  7. i: tuberosity of radius
    biceps branchii
  8. a: flexion @ shoulder & elbow; supination
    biceps branchii
  9. brachialis
    • o: anterior, distal surface of humerus
    • i: tuberosity of ulna
    • a: flexion at elbow
  10. o: anterior, distal surface of humerus
    brachialis
  11. i: tuberosity of ulna
    brachialis
  12. a: flexion at elbow
    brachialis
  13. brachioradialis
    • o: lateral epicondyle of humerus
    • i: styloid process of radius
    • a: flexion at elbow
  14. o: lateral epicondyle of humerus
    brachioradialis
  15. i: styloid process of radius
    brachioradialis
  16. a: flexion at elbow
    brachioradialis
  17. triceps brachii
    • o: superior, posterior & lateral margins of humerus & the scapula
    • i: olecranon of ulna
    • a: extension at elbow
  18. o: superior, posterior & lateral margins of humerus & the scapula
    triceps brachii
  19. i: olecranon of ulna
    triceps brachii
  20. a: extension at elbow
    triceps brachii
  21. rectus femoris
    • o: anterior inferior iliac spine & superior acetabular rim of ilium
    • i: tibial tuberosity by way of patellar ligament
    • a: extension at knee, flexion at hip
  22. o: anterior inferior iliac spine & superior acetabular rim of ilium
    rectus femoris
  23. i: tibial tuberosity by way of patellar ligament
    rectus femoris
  24. a: extension at knee, flexion at hip
    rectus femoris
  25. gluteus maximus
    • o: iliac crest of ilium, sacrum, & coccyx
    • i: iliotibial tract & gluteal tuberosity of femur
    • a: extension & lateral rotation of hip
  26. o: iliac crest of ilium, sacrum, & coccyx
    gluteus maximus
  27. i: iliotibial tract & gluteal tuberosity of femur
    gluteus maximus
  28. a: extension & lateral rotation of hip
    gluteus maximus
  29. rectus femoris
    • o: anterior inferior iliac spine & superior acetabular rim of ilium
    • i: tibial tuberosity by way of patellar ligament
    • a: extension at knee, flexion at hip
  30. i: tibial tuberosity by way of patellar ligament
    rectus femoris
  31. o: anterior inferior iliac spine & superior acetabular rim of ilium
    rectus femoris
  32. a: extension at knee, flexion at hip
    rectus femoris
  33. Cardiac muscle cells establish a regular rate of contraction without any outside stimuli, this property is know as...
    automaticity
  34. automaticity
    property of establishing a regular rate of contraction without any outside stimuli that cardiac muscle cells have
  35. isotonic solution
    does not cause net movement of water into or out of the cell. equilibrium exists.
  36. hypotonic solution
    • 1) water will flow into the cell
    • 2) cell swells up like a balloon
    • 3) cell may burst, or lyse
    • (in red blood cells know as hemolysis)
  37. hypertonic solution
    • 1) water will flow out of the cell by osmosis
    • 2) they shrivel up and dehydrate
    • (shrinking of red blood cells crenation)
  38. normal pH range of human body
    7.35 - 7.45
  39. what is the relationship between CO2 & H+
    direct
  40. if H+ increases what happens to pH
    goes down... becomes more acidic
  41. striated involuntary muscle
    cardiac muscle
  42. striated voluntary muscle
    skeletal muscle
  43. what is the purpose of microvilli?
    more surface area to absorb & expel
  44. DNA makes
    RNA
  45. RNA makes
    Protein
  46. DNA make RNA makes
    Protein
  47. synaptic terminals
    communicate
  48. dendrites
    sensor
  49. abduction
    movement away from the midline
  50. aduction
    moving back toward the midline
  51. pronation
    movement palm facing up to palm facing back
  52. supination
    movement palm facing back to palm facing up
  53. chronotropy
    rate of heart contraction
  54. rate of heart contraction
    chronotropy
  55. inotropy
    force of heart contraction (BP)
  56. force of heart contraction (BP)
    inotropy
  57. dromotropy
    speed of conduction (how fast the action potential can travel & how quickly the cells repolarize)
  58. speed of conduction (how fast the action potential can travel & how quickly the cells repolarize)
    dromotropy
  59. alpha 1
    peripheral vasculature recptors
  60. peripheral vasculature recptors
    alpha 1
  61. beta 1
    cardiac muscle tissue receptor
  62. cardiac muscle tissue receptor
    beta 1
  63. beta 2
    lung receptor (smooth muscle)
  64. lung receptor (smooth muscle)
    beta 2
  65. alpha 1 agonist will...
    constrict
  66. alpha 1 antagonist will...
    dilate
  67. beta 1 agonist will...
    increase
  68. beta 1 antagonist will...
    decrease
  69. beta 2 agonist will...
    increase (dialate)
  70. beta 2 antagonist will...
    decrease (constriction)
  71. parasympathetic
    feed/breed
  72. sympathetic
    fight/flight
  73. parasympathetic effect on heart
    decrease
  74. parasympathetic effect on lungs
    decrease
  75. beta blocker is a
    beta antagonist
  76. agonist
    will do what ever a normal binding would do. (fight/flight dialate smooth muscle in lungs)
  77. antagonist
    • blocks the alpha 1 site
    • will do opposite of whatever a normal binding would do. (fight/flight dialate peripheral blood vessels)
  78. what does epinephrine do?
    it agonizes the sympathetic ns and adds more weight to the sympathetic ns side so the scale tips torward the parasympathetic.
  79. what would a parasympathetic antagonist do to the heart
    it would allow the sympathetic ns to take over
  80. a parasympathetic agonist / parasympathomimec drug do
    mimec the parasympathetic ns
  81. parasympathetic antagonist drug & what does it do?
    heart beating slowly because their parasympathetic ns is over active give them atropine. it will block their parasympathetic ns to get their heart rate to increase.
  82. sensory
    afferent
  83. afferent
    sensory
  84. motor
    efferent
  85. efferent
    motor
  86. inferior point of the tip of the heart
    apex
  87. apex
    inferior point of the tip of the heart
  88. superior rounded end of the heart
    base
  89. base
    superior rounded end of the heart
  90. small intestine includes
    • 1) duodenum
    • 2) jejunum
    • 3) ileum
  91. 1) duodenum
    2) jejunum
    3) ileum
    small intestine includes
  92. four segments of the colon
    • 1) acdending
    • 2) descending
    • 3) transverse
    • 4) sigmoid
  93. 1) acdending
    2) descending
    3) transverse
    4) sigmoid
    four segments of the colon
  94. Visceral (layer)
    Portion of a serous membrane that covers a visceral organ.
  95. Portion of a serous membrane that covers a visceral organ.
    Visceral (layer)
  96. Parietal (layer)
    The opposing layer of the visceral layer that lines the inner surface of the body wall or chamber.
  97. The opposing layer of the visceral layer that lines the inner surface of the body wall or chamber.
    Parietal (layer)
  98. The sodium potasium exchange pump maintains a gradient of sodium & potassium ions accross the cell membrane. _____ is more concentrated inside the cell & _____ is more concentrated outside the cell.
    potasium, sodium
  99. stroke volume (SV)
    the amount of blood ejected by a ventricle during a single beat
  100. cardiac output (CO)
    amount of blood pumped by each ventricle in one minuteCO = SV * HR
  101. cardiac action potential steps
    • 1) rapid depolarization
    • 2) the plateau
    • 3) repolarization
  102. 1) rapid depolarization
    2) the plateau
    3) repolarization
    cardiac action potential steps
  103. rapid depolarization
    • cause: Na+ entry
    • duration: 3-5msec
    • ends w/: closure of voltage-regulated sodium channels
  104. the plateau
    • cause: Ca2+ entry
    • duration: ~175msec
    • ends w/: closure of calcium channels
  105. repolarization
    • cause: K+ loss
    • duration: 75msec
    • ends w/: closure of potasium channels
  106. The sodium-potassium exchange pump maintains gradients by ejecting sodium ions & recapturing lost potassium ions. For each ATP molecule consumed, how many sodium ions are ejected and how many potassium ions are reclaimed by the cell?
    3 sodium ions are rejected for every 2 potassium ions relaimed
  107. parts of the large intestine
    • 1) cecum
    • 2) colon
    • 3) rectum
  108. 1) cecum
    2) colon
    3) rectum
    parts of the large intestine
  109. The sodium potassium exchange pump maintains a gradient of sodium & postassium ions across the cell
    membrane. What is more concentrated inside the cell?
    Potasium
  110. The sodium potassium exchange pump maintains a gradient of sodium & postassium ions across the cell
    membrane. What is more concentrated outside the cell?
    Sodium
  111. acidosis
    pH of blood falls below 7.35
  112. alkalosis
    pH of blood exceeds 7.48

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