Why was the Industrial Revolution so important in establishing sociology as a science?
Sociology emmerged as a result of the Industrial Revolution. The IR instigated social change, structural change and family change. It spurred new working patterns (working in a factory vs. working at home or on the farm). As factories grew so did cities; people started living more closely together; things like pollution, crime and homelessness were relatively new phenomena. Consequently new ways of thinking evolved; according to Thomas Hobbes, John Locke and Adam Smith people became less concerned with moral duties to God and more focus on the pursuit of self-interest. When people are close together ideas spread and evolve quickly.