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How has Japans limited natural resources effected this island nation?
Lack of mineral resources has forced Japan to become a trading nation. They have developed technology that they exchange for needed resources. It imports nearly all its resources from the Middle East.
Describe the geography of Japan and how it affects the population density?
More than 4/5 of Japan is mountainous. There is a dense population (especially costal cities) with 20,000 people per square mile. Most Japanese live in small high rise apartments.
How does the geography affect food production?
There is little arable land, so they do not grow much food. Rarely export or import food. They rely on seafood because of little land.
Describe Early Japanese society?
It was organized around clans or groups of families descended from a common ancestor. There was a heavy emphasis on family loyalty.
How did Chinas culture influence the Japanese?
Through cultural diffusion they borrowed, Buddhism, Chinese culture, WRITTEN LANGUAGE, government, feudalism, Confucianism, agricultural techniques/tools and art.
What aspects of Chinese culture did the Japanese reject?
The Civil service system and Mandate of Heaven.
Describe the government that was developed after the 1100s?
Ancient Japanese society was based on the power of the military, exemplified by the samurai called feudalism.
Describe the relationship between local lords that ruled land in Japanese feudalism?
They were bound to a higher lord and emperor by ties of loyalty.
Describe the isolation policy in Japan?
In 1639 the shogun closed Japan to the world for 200 years.
Describe the treaties between European nation with china and Japan in the 1800s.
They forced China and Japan to sign unequal treaties.
What ended the isolation of Japan?
In 1853 Matthew Perry of the US Navy opened up Japan to the west.
What did the Japanese do that was different from Japan when it came to modernization?
The Japanese modernized to compete with foreigners.
In Japan, when did Industrialization and modernization become possible?
After the shogun was removed from power and the 15 year old emperor was restored to power.
Describe the Englightened Rule/Meji Restoration?
When a 15 year old emperor was restored to power which allowed Japan to modernize and inducstialize.
Describe 3 political changes to Japan?
It established a new constitution that gave the Emperor more power, set up a Diet parliament, and a New Court System.
Describe 3 ways Japan Economicly Modernized?
They built weapons factories and new modern transportation. They borrowed and improved western ideals. The government aided businesses.
When did Japan become a modern industrial nation?
Describe events that helped Japan gain an overseas empire?
- 1895: Sino-Japanese War - Japan defeated China, gained Taiwan and influence over Korea
- 1905: Russo-Japanese War..gained Korea, first defeat of West by East, forced Russia to leave Korea
How was Japan affected by the Great Depression?
Trade with other nations dropped off because of high tariffs (ex: Smoot-Harley Tariff, factories closed and unemployment rose.
What did Japans extreme nationalists urge Japan to do during the Depression?
They urged Japan to get ready for war and a look at Asia for colonial possession.
What was the justification for Japanese colonialism?
The need for food and raw materials and new markets and they felt they had a duty to free Asia from western impearls.
How did the United States respond to Japans colonialism?
The United States cut off oil and other supplies to the Japanese through a naval blockade.
Why did the Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 and what was the goal?
America formed a naval blockade around Japan. They wanted to destroy the American fleet.
When did the Japanese rule a huge empire from Southeast Asia across the western Pacific?
What caused America to ask Japan to surrender in WWII?
America had defeated Germany and Italy.
What happened when the Japanese refused to surrender in WWII?
On August 6, 1945, the first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima and then a bomb was dropped on Nagasaki. On August 14th, they surrendered.
Who aided Japan after World War II?
What were the goals of the American occupation forces in Japan?
To destroy militarism in Japan and to build a democratic government. They succeeded in passing a new constitution.
What were some of the key features of the American set up, Japanese constitution?
Equality of men and women, illegal for Japanese to wage war, democratic government, democratic society, stripped emperor of all power.
Why is there such fierce competition within the Japanese education system today?
Many students attend cram school (juku) to get ahead - in order to pass difficult entrance exam. 94$ graduate highschool and 40% go to college.
What does the Japanese economic miracle refer to?
With the help of the U.S. Japan rises to an economic super power and a rapid recovery after WWII.
What are 5 reasons for Japans success as an economic superpower?
- 1. They borrowed and improved western ideas
- 2. Human ware technology
- 3. Traditional values, hardworking and loyal employees
- 4. Respect for education
- 5. Close ties between business and government
What are problems Japan will face in the future? (6)
- 2.Labor shortage due to aging population & low birth rate
- 3. Overcrowding
- 4. Expensive old people
- 5. Few natural resources and arable land
- 6. Urbanization
Describe Japans trade imbalance?
Japan exports more than it imports from certain nations. This causes frustration and anger from its competitors they say the Japanese have unfair or restrictive trade policies.
Why do some Southeast Asian nations still distrust Japan:
They feel Japan is using its economic power to dominate the region today. Still have bad feeling from Japanese invasion & conquest during WWII.
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