Unit 30.txt

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Author:
Cloe
ID:
90671
Filename:
Unit 30.txt
Updated:
2011-06-14 20:03:15
Tags:
Pharmacology Drug Lists
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Description:
ED and BPH Drugs
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  1. Alpha-Blockers
    Drugs used to treat (BPH) to relax prostate muscles & increase urine flow
  2. 5 Alpha-Reductase Inhibitors
    Drugs that shrink the prostate; for BPH
  3. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
    Noncancerous growth of cells in the prostate
  4. Frequency
    Need to urinate more often then normal
  5. Hyperplasia
    Abnormal increase in the number of cells in an organ or tissue
  6. Incontinence
    Loss of bladder or bowel control
  7. Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA)
    Protein produced by the prostate. Elevated levels when prostate is infected, inflammed, cancerous or have BPH
  8. Urgency
    Feeling or needing to urinate immediately
  9. Urinalysis
    Microscopic and chemical examination of a fresh urine sample.
  10. -zosin
    Common ending for Alpha-Blockers
  11. Types of Alpha-Blockers
    • tamsulosin - Flomax
    • terazosin - Hytrin
    • doxazosin - Cardura
    • alfuzosin - Xatral
  12. Types of 5 Alpha-Reductase
    • durasteride - Avodart
    • finasteride - Proscar, Propecia
  13. alfuzosin-Xatral
    • Immediate Release - T1/2 of 3hrs
    • Extended - T 1/2 of 11hrs
  14. -steride
    Common ending for 5 Alpha-Reductase
  15. Alpha-Block vs 5 Alpha Reductase
    • AB - works within weeks
    • 5A - works within months & harmful to preg women
  16. HoELP
    Laser vaporizing of excess prostate
  17. TUIP
    Incisions made to the Prostate to relieve pressure
  18. TUNA
    Radio waves burn excess prostate
  19. PDE5 inhibitors
    ED drugs
  20. -afil
    Common ending for PDE5 drugs for ED
  21. Prostaglandins
    ED treatment drug with injections and Urethral tabs
  22. Types of PDE5 inhibitors
    • sildenadil - Viagra
    • tadalafil - Cialis
    • verdenafil - Levitra
  23. Types of Prostaglandins
    alprostadil - Muse, Caverject
  24. A-Blocker Warning Labels
    • Do not d/c w/out MDs advice
    • Dizziness
    • Avoid driving machinery
    • Do not chew
  25. 5 Alpha Reductase Warning Labels
    • Do not chew - dutasteride
    • Swallow w/ H2o - finasteride
    • Preg women should avoid
  26. PDE5 Warning Labels
    • No excess alcohol
    • Dizziness
    • Avoid Grapefruit
    • Dont take w/ Alpha-Blockers
  27. Prostaglandin Warning Labels
    • Fridge/ RM temp 14d - Muse
    • RM temp 3mnth - Caverject
  28. Watchful Waiting
    Monitoring Urinartion for signs of BPH. Frequency, Urgency but odd/difficult streams

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