Final Exam Review

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Final Exam Review
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2011-06-14 22:08:26
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us history 1 final exam cards
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  1. Wilmot Proviso
    • California, Utah and NM were closed to slavery forever
    • -it devided the Congress (N-supported/ S- opposed)
  2. Southern dependance on slavery was..
    economic
  3. Northerners vs. Southerners on WP
    • N- supported proviso
    • S- against it
  4. secession
    withdrawal from the Union
  5. The main topic of the Lincoln-Douglas debates was:
    slavery in the territories
  6. Popular Sovereignty
    people vote on the issue of slavery
  7. According to the Dred Scott Decision slaves were viewed as:
    property
  8. Uncle Tom's Cabin
    • novel that detailed the horrors of slavery
    • - by Harriet Beecher Stowe
  9. Border states
    slave states that remained in the Union (MD, DE, MO, KY)
  10. Compromise of 1850
    -CA
    -Utah/NM
    -TX/NM
    -DOC
    • by Henry Clay; TERMS:
    • - CA admitted as free state
    • - Utah/NM -territories decide about slavery
    • - TX/NM boudary dispute resolved; TX paid $10 million
    • - District of Columbia- sale of slaves banned
  11. Fugitive Slave Act
    required people in the free states to help capture and return escaped slaves
  12. Kansas-Nebraska Act
    turned the territories of Kansas and Nebraska into states
  13. Lincoln's goal at the beginning of the Civil War:
    to restore the Union- not free the slaves
  14. John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry..
    further divides the nation
  15. Southern advantages:
    fighting a defensive war, better generals, motivation
  16. John Brown
    • radical abolitionist
    • - raid on harpers ferry
  17. turning point of the Civil War
    Gettysburg
  18. Fort Sumter
    • SC fort that the union maintained control of after the secession of the South
    • -Lincoln chose to hold the fort and attempted to resupply the men there with food
  19. (Dis)/Advantages of ironclad ships
    • -didn't burn
    • -could withstand cannon fire
    • -could splinter a wooden boat
    • disadvantages: slow
  20. Emancipation Proclamation
    freed slaves only in the Confederate states, not the border states
  21. Strategic Importance of vicksburg (civil war):
    mississippi
  22. Anaconda Plan
    • -blockade south
    • -capture mississippi- splitting south in two
    • -capture the capital at richmond
  23. total war
    • war against the whole of the south, including the civilian population and southern resources
    • ex: sherman's march to the sea
  24. Gettysburg Address
    speech given by Lincoln at gettysburg commemorating the battle
  25. Sherman's March
    • peformed by william t. sherman
    • - designed to make the south sick of the war and surrender
  26. Antietam historical significance
    antietam was the single most bloody day in US history (total number of casualties)
  27. first battle of the civil war
    the battle of bull run
  28. Robert E. Lee
    captured John Brown at Harpers Ferry before the Civil War began; later became the commanding General of the Confederacy
  29. "40 acres and a mule"
    Sherman's plan to give land and resources to Freed Black Slaves in order for them to be self-sufficient
  30. Appomattox Courth House
    the site of Lee's surrender to Grant
  31. John Wilkes Booth
    assassinated Abraham lincoln
  32. Thaddeus Stevens
    leader of the Radical Republicans, Senator from PA
  33. Radical Republicans
    wanted to punish the south and Confederates after the Civil War
  34. 13th Amendment
    abolished slavery
  35. Lincoln's plan for reconstruction
    • lenient for forgiving of the South
    • (10% plan)
  36. Tenure of Office Act
    used to impeach Andrew Johnson, (Lincoln's successor)
  37. Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
    presides over the impeachment hearing of a president
  38. Amnesty Act
    gave power back to Democrats and returned the right to vote
  39. Andrew Johnson
    tried int he Senate during his impeachment trial
  40. Reconstruction Act of 1867
    created 5 military zones in the south and abolished the governments created by the Confederate States
  41. End to Reconstruction
    Compromise of 1877
  42. Home Rule (in the south)
    when the fed. gov. stopped interfering within southern governments and allowed them to make their own decisions
  43. Impeachment
    to bring formal charges against the President
  44. Sharecroppers
    • blacks that had to rent land from whites,
    • they would have to give a share of their crop yield with their landlords or former masters
  45. Grandfather Clause
    states in the South passed these stating that Blacks could only vote if their grandfather had the right to vote
  46. William Lloyd Garrison
    radical white abolitionist, editor, active in religious reform movements, believed in immediate emancipation- the freeing of slaves, with no payment to slaveholders
  47. Frederick Douglass
    born into slavery, escaped, lecturer for the American Anti-Slavery Society, began newspaper- The North Star
  48. President in 1864
    President Lincoln
  49. 14th & 15th amendment
    • 14th- civil rights
    • 15th- right to vote
  50. Lincoln's Reconstruction Plan:
    • lenient policy,
    • 10% plan- 1/10th take pledge/oath to US
  51. Andrew Johnson's Reconstruction Plan:
    • -loyalty oath
    • -no pardons to confed. officials who own property more than 20,000
    • -state needed to abolish slavery before being readmitted
  52. KKK
    secret organization that used terrorist tactics in an attempt restore white supremacy in Southern states after the Civil War.
  53. tenant farming
    a system in which farm workers supply their own tools and rent farmland for cash
  54. sharecropping
    a system in which landowners give farm workers land, seed, and tools in return for a part of the crops they raise
  55. scalawag
    a white southerner who joined the republican party after the civil war
  56. carpetbagger
    a northernor who moved to the south after the civil war
  57. redemption
    the southern democrats' term for their return to power in the south in the 1870's.
  58. home rule
    a state's powers of governing its citizens without federal government involvement
  59. manifest destiny
    the 19th century belief that the united states would inevitably expand westward to the Pacific Ocean and into Mexian territory

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