Endocrine Function

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Endocrine Function
2010-03-05 22:52:16
itsaji nursing PHCC

Review of Endocrine Function
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  1. Delta Cells - Somatostatin
    • Decrease secreation of insulin & glucagon. Slow absorption of nutrient
    • Hormones of the Pancreas
  2. Beta Cell - Insulin
    • Increase glucose transport to the cells and use of glucose for energy production
    • Hormones of the Pancreas
  3. Alpha Cells - Glucagon
    • These cells are the source of glucagon
    • Hormones of the Pancreas
  4. PTH - parathyroid hormone
    • It regulates blood levels of calcium and phosphorus. Its deficiency results in hypoparathyroidism and hypocalcemia
    • Hormones of the Parathyroid glands.
  5. T4 - thyroxine
    • increases the use of all food types for energy production and increases the rate of protein synthesis in most tissues.
    • It is used to treat hypothyroidism.
    • Hormones of the thyroid gland
  6. T3 - triiodothyronine
    • One of two forms of the principal hormone secreted by the thyroid gland
    • Hormones of the thyroid gland
  7. LH - luteinizing hormone
    • In females stimulating the development of the corpus luteum and helping in the secretion of progesterone
    • In males stimulating the development of interstitial cells of the testes to produce testosterone
    • Hormones of the anterior pituitary gland
  8. FSH - follicle stimulating hormone
    • It stimulates maturation of the ovarian follicles in women.
    • In men, the hormone is important in maintaining spermatogenesis
    • Hormones of the anterior pituitary gland
  9. ACTH - adreno cortico tropic hormone
    • It controls the development and functioning of the adrenal cortex, including its secretion of glucocorticoids and androgens
    • Hormones of the anterior pituitary gland
  10. TSH - thyroid-stimulating hormone
    • Stimulates the thyroid gland to secrete thyroxine and triiodothyronine
    • Hormones of the anterior pituitary gland
  11. GH - growth hormone
    • It regulating the cell division and protein synthesis necessary for normal growth
    • Hormones of the anterior pituitary
  12. ADH - antidiuretic hormone
    • ADH increases the concentration of the urine by preventing water losses from the renal tubules
    • Hormones of the posterior pituitary gland
  13. Oxytocin
    • It stimulates the uterus to contract, in breastfeeding is to stimulate milk letdown
    • Hormones of the posterior pituitary gland
  14. Cortisol - Hydrocortisone
    • Increase use of fats and excess amino acids for energy. Anti inflammatory effects
    • Hormones of th Adrenal Cortex
  15. Aldosteron
    • It increases sodium reabsorption by the kidneys, thereby indirectly regulating blood levels of potassium, chloride, and bicarbonate, as well as pH, blood volume, and blood pressure
    • Hormones of th Adrenal Cortex
  16. Epinephrine
    • In the physiological response to stress, it is responsible for maintaining blood pressure and cardiac output, keeping airways open wide, and raising blood sugar levels. All these functions are useful to frightened, traumatized, injured, or sick humans and animals
    • Hormones of th Adrenal Medulla
  17. Norepinephrine
    • A vasoconstrictor with little effect on cardiac output
    • Hormones of th Adrenal Medulla