Card Set Information
Three types of blood vessels
Space within a blood vessel through which the blood flows
carry blood to the heart
Carry blood away from the heart
Largest artery located in the heart
artery located near the thumb side of the wrist
artery located near the side of the neck
artery located in the antecubital space
Artery in the groin area
only artery that does not carry oxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs
artery in the forehead
what are the 7 major arteries
before, in front
distinct, peculiar to an individual
Why do veins have valves
keep blood flowing in one direction
The veins of choice for venipuncture in order
What is the basilic vein close to?
What is the partition that divides the heart into right and left halves
What is the upper chamber of the heart called
What is the lower chamber of the heart called
What is the longest vein and were is it located?
great saphenous vein located in the leg
What are the two largest veins?
superior and inferior vena cava, and great saphenous
What is the only vein that caries oxygenated blood
name 3 formed elements of blood
erythrocytes-red blood cells
leukocytes-white blood cells
What is the average adults blood volume
5 to 6 liters
What is the approximate diameter of a erythrocytes
What is the approximate erythrocytes per microliter of blood
4.5 to 6.0 million
What is the normal life span of erythrocytes
What is the approximate leukocytes per microliter of blood
4,500 to 11,000 anything over is a sign of infection
5 normal types of leukocytes
remember :(3 phils 2 cytes)
What do neutrophils do?
provide protection against infection
What do lymphocytes do?
provide the body with immune capabilities
What are monocytes?
largest circulating leukocytes
What do eosinophils do?
detoxify foreign proteins and increase in allergies
What do basophils do?
release histamine in the inflammation process
What is the life span of platelets?
9 to 12 days
what is the average number of platelets per microliter of blood?
140,000 and 440,000
process of forming a blood clot
4 disorders of blood vessels
arteriosclerosis-hardening of artery walls (stroke)
atherosclerosis-stimulate clot formation
phlebitis-inflammation of the vein
Varicose veins-swollen veins with damaged valves
2 disorders of the blood
Anemia- a decrease in the number of erythrocytes or hemoglobin
leukemia-increase in white blood cells in bone marroe and blood
sack that surrounds the heart and holds it in place to protect
3 layers of the heart
What does myo mean?
What happens in capularies?
exchange gases and a mixture of venus and arterial blood
List the 13 steps to heart circulation in order
Superior/inferior vena cava
pulmonary semilunar valve
right/ left pulmonary arteries
right/ left pulmonary veins
aortic semilunar valve