Test two

Card Set Information

Author:
hoving22
ID:
90781
Filename:
Test two
Updated:
2011-06-19 21:19:23
Tags:
Microbiology
Folders:

Description:
Chapters 4-5
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user hoving22 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. .2 to 2 microns diameter 2 - 8 microns long
    prokaryotes
  2. contain no histone proteins associated with dna
    prokaryotes
  3. divide by binary fission
    prokaryotes
  4. have multiple linear chromosones
    eukaryotes
  5. cell wall does not contain peptidoglycan
    eukaryotes
  6. divide by mitosis and meiosis
    eukaryotes
  7. sphere shaped
    coccus
  8. rod shaped
    bacillus
  9. very short rod shaped
    coccobacillus
  10. banana shaped
    vibrio
  11. spiral shaped and rigid
    spirillium
  12. spiral shaped and flexible
    spirochete
  13. form when bacteria divide in one plane only
    chains
  14. form when bacteria division occurs in two planes
    tetrads
  15. form when bacteria division is in three planes
    cube
  16. form when bacteria from irregular division
    grape like
  17. things found inside a cell (such as food)
    inclusions
  18. carbohydrate outer protective layer
    capsule
  19. in bacteria it is peptidoglycan
    cell wall
  20. cell membrane of a bacteria
    plasma membrane
  21. attatchment structures of bacterium
    fimbriae
  22. movement structure of bacterium
    flagella
  23. protein factories within bacteria
    ribosomes
  24. liquid interior of cell
    cytoplasm
  25. region where DNA hangs out within a cell of bacterium
    nuclear area
  26. spot where membrane and dna connect within bacterium is called
    origin of replication aka ORI
  27. extra piece of DNA; not part of the main chromosome. useful but non critical genes
    plasmid
  28. transfer tube which allow movement of DNA from one bacterium to another- horizontal evolution
    pilus
  29. protective slime coating secreted by the cell
    glycocalyx
  30. process of passing genes from one cell to another which that cell did not originally have
    conjugating
  31. single flegellum located at the end
    monotrichous
  32. multiple flegella located at one end
    lophitrichous
  33. flegella located at both ends
    amphitrichous
  34. flegella scattered over entire surface
    peritrichous
  35. set of two or four proteins anchoring the flegellum to the cell membrane
    basal body
  36. # of proteins connecting the basal body for the flegellum in gram +
    2
  37. # of proteins connecting the basal body for the flegellum in gram -
    4
  38. bacterium identified by flagella ex
    E. coli 0157: H7
  39. sometimes called endoflagella, create contractions for mvmt
    axial filaments
  40. mvmt toward favorable chemicals such as nutrients or away from harmful chemicals
    chemotaxis
  41. mvmt toward stronger concetration of stimulus
    chemical gradient
  42. mvmt toward or away from light
    phototaxis
  43. composed of a network of repeating sugar molecules and proteins called peptidoglycans
    bacterial cell wall
  44. two sugars involved in the structure of the cell wall
    NAM and NAG
  45. has a thick layer of peptidoglycan with thin plasma membrane
    gram positive
  46. thin layer of peptidoglycan in between two layers of plasma membrane
    gram negative
  47. outer membrane of g -

    composed of:
    • phospholipid bilayer
    • lipopolysaccharides
    • lipoproteins
  48. an endotoxin causing fever and shock
    lipid- A
  49. create the structure of a plasma membrane
    two layers of phospholipids
  50. protein that extends through both sides of the phospholipid bilayer
    integral protein
  51. protein that is only exposed to one surface of the phospholipid bilayer
    peripheral protein
  52. equal solute concentration to cell interior
    isotonic
  53. causes water mvmt in or out of a cell
    osmotic pressure
  54. filtration based on
    charge, size, and shape of molecule
  55. protein mediated. molecules that are needed inside the cell can be transported againstthe concentration gradient
    active transport
  56. molecules are chemically altered during trip across the membranein a way that keeps it inside the cell
    group translocation
  57. made of rRNA and protein and are the protein factories of the cell in bacteria
    ribosomes
  58. inorganic phosphate store. stain red in the presence of methylene blue
    metachromatic granules, typical of Cornybacterium diptheriae
  59. can utilize sulfur as an energy source
    Thiobacilus
  60. present in bacteria that can use CO2 and photosynthesis to produce energy
    carboxysomes
  61. bubbles help maintain a particular depth so the organism has access to light and nurtrients
    gas vacuoles
  62. magnetic clusters of iron oxide to protect from hydrogen peroxide
    magnetosomes
  63. resting state formed by some bacteria during enviromental stress
    endospores
  64. process of forming spores
    sporultion
  65. spore returning to the vegetative state
    germination
  66. help stabalize the membrane and prevent it from rupturing
    sterols
  67. bags of protective enzymes
    peroxisome
  68. energy producing structures
    mitochondria
  69. store cellular products (proteins and lipids)
    golgi complex
  70. endoskeleton of cell
    microfilaments and microtubules
  71. makes ribosomal RNA
    nucleuolus
  72. present in plants, algae, and fungi (NOT animals)
    cell wall
  73. composition of cell wall in yeast
    • polysaccharides
    • -chitin
    • -glucan
    • -mannan
  74. ribosomal subunits in eukaryotes
    80s
  75. two phospholipid bilayers make up
    nuclear membrane
  76. folds in the inner membrane of mitochondria to increase SA
    cristae
  77. has a double phospholipid bilayer but is not organelle
    nuclues
  78. have their own DNA and ribosome (70s)
    Mitochondria
  79. bacteria structures moved into us and now are a part of us
    endosymbiotic theory
  80. have their own DNA and 70s ribosome
    replicate by binary fission
    chloroplasts
  81. protein part of an enzyme is called
    apoenzyme
  82. non protein component is the
    co-factor
  83. a high temperature that causes enzyme to perform at a limited level
    denatured
  84. start krebs with
    acetyl coa
  85. step one of krebs
    citric acid
  86. transforms from succinyl coa yielding one ATP
    succenic acid
  87. only step to yield FADH2
    step 6
  88. one cycle of krebs yields # NADH
    3
  89. FADH2 produced in one cycle of krebs
    1

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview