HIM 361

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HIM 361
2011-06-17 04:10:36
Urinary System Female Male Reproductive Sense Organs

Chapters 7, 8, 9, and 17 Vocabulary
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  1. Arteriole
    Small Artery
  2. Catheter
    Tube for injecting or removing fluid.
  3. Cortex
    Outer region of an organ.
  4. Hilum
    Depression in an organ where blood vessels and nerves enter and leave.
  5. Kidney
    Bean-shaped organ on either side of the backbone in the lumbar region. Filters nitrogenous wastes from the bloodstream to form urine.
  6. Meatus
    Opening or canal; to the outside
  7. Medulla
    Inner region of an organ.
  8. Renal Artery
    Blood vessel that carries blood to the kidney.
  9. Renal Pelvis
    Central collecting region in the kidney.
  10. Renal vein
    Blood vessel that carries blood away from the kidney and toward the heart.
  11. Trigone
    Triangular area in the urinary bladder.
  12. Ureter
    One of two tubes leading from the kidneys to the urinary bladder.
  13. Urethra
    Tube leading from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body.
  14. Urinary Bladder
    Hollow, muscular sac that holds and stores urine.
  15. Urination (voiding); Micturition
    Process of expelling urine.
  16. Amnion
    Innermost membranous sac surrounding the developing fetus.
  17. Areola
    Dark-pigmented area surrounding the breast nipple.
  18. Bartholin glands
    Small mucus-secreting exocrine glands at the vaginal orifice.
  19. Cervix
    Lower, neck-like portion of the uterus.
  20. Chorion
    Outermost layer of the two membranes surrounding the embryo. Forms the fetal part of the placenta.
  21. Clitoris
    Organ of sensitive erectile tissue anterior to the opening of the female urethra.
  22. Coitus
    Sexual intercourse.
  23. Cul-de-sac
    Region in the lower abdomen, midway between the rectum and the uterus.
  24. Embryo
    Stage in prenatal development from 2 to 8 weeks.
  25. Endometrium
    Inner, mucous membrane lining of the uterus.
  26. Estrogen
    Hormone produced by the ovaries.
  27. Fallopian Tube/Oviduct
    One of a pair of ducts through which the ovum travels to the uterus.
  28. Fertilization
    Union of the sperm cell and ovum from which the embryo develops.
  29. Fetus
    Stage in prenatal development from 8 to 39 or 40 weeks.
  30. Fimbriae
    Finger-like projections at the end of the fallopian tubes.
  31. Gamete
    Male or female sexual reproductive cell.
  32. Genitalia
    Reproductive organs.
  33. Gestation
    Perios from fertilization of the ovum to birth.
  34. Gonad
    Female or male reproductive organ that produces sex cells and hormones.
  35. Gynecology
    Study of the female reproductive organs including the breasts.
  36. Mammary Papilla
    Nipple of the breast.
  37. Menarche
    Beginning of the first menstrual period and ability to reproduce.
  38. Menopause/Climacteric
    Gradual ending of menstruation.
  39. Menstruation
    Monthly shedding of the uterine lining.
  40. Menses
    The flow of blood and tissue normally discharged during mentruation.
  41. Myometrium
    Muscle layer of the uterus.
  42. Neonatology
    Branch of medicine that studies the disorders and care of the newborn.
  43. Obstetrics
    Branch of medicine concerned with pregnancy and childbirth.
  44. Orifice
    An opening.
  45. Ovulation
    Release of the ovum from the ovary.
  46. Ovum
    Mature egg cell.
  47. Parturition
    Act of giving birth.
  48. Perineum
    The area between the anus and the vagina.
  49. Placenta
    Vascular organ that develops in the uterine wall during pregnancy.
  50. Pregnancy
    Condition in a female of having a developing embryo and fetus in her uterus for about 40 weeks.
  51. Progesterone
    Hormone produced by the corpus luteum in the ovary and the placenta of pregnant women.
  52. Puberty
    Point in the life cycle at which secondary sex characteristics appear and gametes are produced.
  53. Uterus
    Hollow, pear-shaped muscular female organ in which the embryo and fetus develop, and from which menstruation occurs. (Upper=fundus; Middle=corpus; Lower=cervix)
  54. Vagina
    Muscular, mucosa-lined canal extending from the uterus to the exterior of the body.
  55. Vulva
    External female genitalia. (labia, hymen, clitoris, and vaginal orifice)
  56. Bulbourethral Glands , Cowper Glands
    a pair of exocrine glands near the male urethra.
  57. Ejaculation
    ejection of sperm and fluid from the male urethra.
  58. Ejaculatory Duct
    tube through which semen enters the male urethra.
  59. Erectile Dysfunction , Impotence
    Inability to achieve an erection.
  60. Franternal Twins
    two egg cells fertilized by two different sperm cells.
  61. Glans Penis
    sensitive tip of the penis.
  62. Identical Twins
    division of one fertilized egg into two distinct embryos.
  63. Conjoined Twins
    incompletely separated identical twins.
  64. Penis
    male reproductive organ.
  65. Perineum
    external region between the anus and scrotum.
  66. Prepuce
    fold of skin covering the tip of the penis.
  67. Prostate Gland
    Exocrine gland at the base of the male urinary bladder. Secretes the fluid part of semen during ejaculation.
  68. Scrotum
    external sac that contains the testes.
  69. Semen
    spermatozoa and seminal fluid.
  70. Seminal Vesicles
    paired sac-like male exocrine glands that secrete fluid into the vas deferens.
  71. Seminiferous Tubules
    narrow, coiled tubules that produce sperm in the testes.
  72. Spermatozoon
    sperm cell.
  73. Sterilization
    removes the ability to produce or release reproductive cells.
  74. Testis
    male gonad that produces spermatozoa and testosterone.
  75. Testosterone
    hormone secreted by the interstitial tissue of the testes.
  76. Vas Deferens , Ductus Deferens
    narrow tube that carries sperm from the epididymis into the body and toward the urethra.
  77. Conjunctiva , Pinkeye
    delicate membrane lining the undersurface of the eyelids and covering the anterior eyeball.
  78. Iris
    pigmented layer that opens and closes to allow more or less light into the eye.
  79. Pupil
    central opening of the eye.
  80. Sclera
    tough, white outer coat of the eyeball.
  81. Auditory Canal , Auditory Meatus
    channel that leads from the pinna to the eardrum.
  82. Auditory Tube , Eustachian Tube
    channel between the middle ear and the nasopharynx.
  83. Auricle , Pinna
    flap of the ear. Protruding part of the external ear.
  84. Cerumen
    waxy substance secreted by the external ear.
  85. Incus , Anvil
    second ossicle of the middle ear.
  86. Labyrinth
    maze-like series of canals of the inner ear. (cochlea, vestibule, and semicircular canals)
  87. Malleus , Hammer
    first ossicle of the middle ear.
  88. Ossicle
    small bone of the ear.
  89. Semicircular Canals
    passages in the inner ear associated with maintaining equilibrium.
  90. Stapes , Stirrup
    third ossicle of the middle ear.
  91. Tympanic Membrane , Eardrum
    membrane between the outer and middle ear.