Card Set Information

2011-06-15 21:52:56
Blood flow disorders shock

Blood flow disorders/shock
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  1. Low protein edema
    Excess venous pressure or low plasma osmotic pressure
  2. Hemorrhage
    Excess discharge of blood from blood vessels
  3. Petechiae
    small purplish spot on a body surface
  4. Purpura
    characterized by hemorrhages in the skin and mucous membranes; appearence of purplish spots or patches
  5. Ecchymoses
    passage of blood from ruptured blood vessels into subcutaneous tissue; purple discoloration of skin
  6. Hematomas
    localized swelling filled with blood resulting from a break in blood vessel
  7. Pulmonary embolism
    An embolus usually formed in the leg
  8. Emboli
    A mass, such as an air bubble, a detached blood clot, or a foreign body, that travels through the bloodstream, and lodges so as to obstruct or occlude a blood vessel
  9. Brain embolism
    If a blood clot travels to the brain, this causes an ischemic stroke
  10. Retinal embolism
    Small clots that wouldn't block a major artery can block small the smaller blood vessels that feeding the retina. Can result in blindness
  11. Septic embolism
    Occurs when particles created by an infection in a body reach the bloodstream and block blood vessels
  12. Amniotic ebolism
    Amniotic fluid can embolize and reach the mothers lungs
  13. Air embolism
    Bubbles in the blood that can block arterial blood flow (ex-scuba divers that rise to the surface too quickly)
  14. Fat embolism
    If fat or bone marrow particles are introduced into the blood circulation they may block blood vessels the way a blood clot or air bubble can
  15. Ischemia
    A decrease in bood supply to a bodily organ, tissue, or part caused by constriction or obstruction of the blood vessels
  16. Infarction
    A condition in which a localized area of muscular tissue is dying or dead owing to insufficient amount of blood (ex. heart attack)
  17. White infarction (anemic)
    An infarct in which little or no bleeding into tissue occurs when the blood supply is obstructed
  18. Red infarction (Bleeding)
    Release of blood from the vascular system as a result of damage to a blood vessel
  19. Infarct
    An area of tissue that undergoes necrosis as a result of obstruction of local blood supply
  20. Cardiogenic
    Resulting from a disease or disorder of the heart
  21. Hypovolemic
    Decrease in the volume of circulating blood
  22. Septic shock
    Condition of physiologic shock cause by an overwhelming infection, especially sepsis or septicimia
  23. Cardiogenic Shock
    Associated with cardiac impairment such as acute infarction of the left ventricle or arrhythmias
  24. Obstructive shock
    Caused by cardiac tamponade or a pulmonary embolus that blocks blood flow through the heart
  25. Hypovolemic Shock
    Loss of blood or loss of plama from the circulating blood
  26. Vasogenic Shock (Distributive shock)
    May develop from pain, fear, drugs or loss of SNS stimuli with spinal cord injury
  27. Anaphylactic Shock
    Rapid general vasodilation due to the release of large amounts of histamine in a sever allergic reaction