anatomy

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Anonymous
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90970
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anatomy
Updated:
2011-06-16 23:52:12
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anatomy cardiovascular nervous
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Anatomy final exam review of the nervous system
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  1. Which is the area of greatest visual acuity?
    fovea centralis
  2. Which photoreceptor allows us to see color?
    Cones
  3. Emmetropia is
    Perfect vision
  4. calcification of the lens leads to the formation of
    cataract
  5. Most of the eyeball muscles are innervated by
    CN III
  6. Pupillary dilation is produced by
    sympathetic nerves
  7. What regulates the size of the pupil?
    Iris
  8. The cerebrum was derived embryonically from the
    telencephalon
  9. The genu is a feature of?
    Corpus callusum
  10. One main function of the hippocampus is
    short term memory
  11. CSF is secreted by the?
    Choroid plexus
  12. Normall the CSF is
    Clear and slight viscuous
  13. The superior sagittal sinus houses
    venous blood
  14. Anterior to the cerebellum is the
    4th ventricle
  15. Dura mater is also known as?
    Pachydmeninx
  16. The falx cerebri and falx cerebelli are made of
    dura mater
  17. The sciatic nerve belongs to which nerve plexus?
    sacral plexus
  18. Lesion to radial nerve
    wrist drop
  19. Lesion to ulnar nerve
    bishop's hand
  20. Lesion to axillary nerve
    epaulette shoulder
  21. Lesion to musculocutaneous nerve
    porter's hand tip
  22. Lesion to median nerve
    ape's hand
  23. Lesion to median and ulnar nerve
    claw hand
  24. Which nerve houses parasympathetic nerves to the sexual organs?
    pudendal nerve
  25. The dorsal root of a spinal nerve houses
    sensory nerves
  26. The lowest point of the spinal cord is called what? and located at what vertebral level?
    Conus medullaris. L2
  27. What produces pupillary constriction?
    Parasympathetic stimulation
  28. What is the fatty substance layer that covers a fetus?
    Vernix caseosa
  29. What causes "heavy for due date"
    Insulin
  30. How is a baby measured?
    Crown to rump length
  31. Which lobe expresses emotion and love?
    Limbic lobe
  32. What are features of the midbrain?
    Corpora quadregemina and cerebral peduncles
  33. How many pairs of spinal nerves? How many in each section?
    31 pairs. 8 Cervical. 12 thoracic. 5 Lumbar. 5 Sacral. 1 Coccygeal
  34. What are the three dilations of the CNS
    Prosencephalon. Mesencephalon. Rhomboncephalon.
  35. What does prosencephalon dilate into?
    Telencephalon and Diencephalon
  36. What does the mesencephalon form?
    Midbrain
  37. What does rhomboncephalon dilate into?
    Metencephalon and myelencephalon
  38. What does the telencephalon form?
    Cerebrum; cerebral lobes; corpus callosum
  39. What does the diencephalon form?
    • Epithalamus-pineal gland
    • thalamus- relay center
    • hypothalamus- homeostasis
  40. What are the lobes of the cerebellum?
    • Flocculonodular-smallest; equilibrium/balance
    • Posterior lobe- biggestl deals w/precise movement
    • anterior lobe- coordinates gross movement
  41. What fibers does the ventral root house
    motor fibers only, some sympathetic/parasympathetic
  42. what fibers does the dorsal root house
    sensory only
  43. Where is the cervical plexus formed from?
    C1-C4
  44. Where is the brachial plexus formed from?
    C5-T1
  45. Where is the lumbar plexus formed from?
    L1-L4
  46. Where is the sacral plexus formed from?
    L4- S3/S4
  47. Which nerves are in the lumbar plexus?
    Femoral and obturator
  48. Which nerves are in the sacral plexus?
    Sciatic and pudendal
  49. Which nerves form the sciatic nerve?
    Tibial and common peroneal nerve
  50. Where do parasympathetic fibers come from?
    Brain stem, S2 S3 S4
  51. Where do sympathetic fibers come from?
    Lateral horn T1-L2
  52. What doesn't have any parasympathetic fibers?
    Adrenal gland; sking structure and blood vessels
  53. Cranial nerves that contain special senses
    CN I; CN II; CN VII; CN VIII; CN IX; CN X
  54. List all CNs that contain motor fibers
    CN III; CN IV; CN V; CN VI; CN VII; CN IX; CN X; CN XI; CN XII
  55. List CNs that have motor fibers ONLY
    CN III, CN IV, CN XI; CN XII
  56. List CNs that contain general sense fibers
    CN V; CN VII; CN IX; CN X
  57. List CNs that house parasympathetic fibers
    CN III, CN VII, CN IX, CN X
  58. What CN does Tic douloureux affect?
    CN V trigeminal nerve
  59. What is bells palsy?
    Temporary paralysis of facial nerve CN VII
  60. When is the embryonic period and what is its significance?
    First 8 weeks; highest risk of congenital malformation
  61. What is the most common congenital malformation?
    Down syndrome aka trisomy 21
  62. What is the cause of small for due date?
    placenta dysfunction
  63. What is the length of a full term pregnancy
    9 months 10 days.
  64. What does thyroid deficiency lead to?
    Imbecile- mental retardation
  65. What are signs of a sick neuron?
    Displaced centrally located nuclei; perikaryon swelling; dissappeance of nissl body
  66. What is the hippocampus responsible for?
    Short term memory
  67. Knee cap/patella
    L3/L4
  68. Motor cortex
    • 4 4S
    • Frontal
  69. Inguinal line
    L1
  70. Big Toe
    L4/L5
  71. Nipple
    T 4
  72. Little Toe
    S1
  73. Thumb
    C 6
  74. CN's involved with the eye
    CN II; CN III; CN IV; CN V; CN VI
  75. Somatesthetic sensory
    3 1 2 parietal lobe
  76. Pinky Ring
    C 8
  77. CNs involved with tongue
    CN V; CN VII; CN IX; CN X; CN XII
  78. CN's with parasympathetic fibers
    CN III; CN X; CN VII; CN IX
  79. Speech center
    44 45 Frontal lobe
  80. Umbilicus
    T 10
  81. Meaning of spoken words
    40 Parietal
  82. Visual cortex
    • 17 size and shape
    • 18 color
    • 19 color association
    • Occipital
  83. Meaning of printed words
    39 Parietal
  84. Index/middle
    C 7

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