Intro Pharm Ch 4

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Author:
cswett
ID:
91036
Filename:
Intro Pharm Ch 4
Updated:
2011-08-05 16:05:00
Tags:
Med Math Drug Labels Packaging
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Description:
Med Math Ch 4 on Drug Labels and Packaging
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  1. NDC Number
    NSN Number
    National Drug Code is a number used by the pharmacist to identify the drug and method of packaging

    NSN = national supply number (code used to order the drug)
  2. Drug Quantity
    total amount of drug in the container
  3. Trade Name
    brand name or proprietary name (usually followed by trademark symbol)

    Can be all caps or first letter Capitalized
  4. Generic Name
    • official accepted name of the drug - as listed in the USP (United States Pharmacopeia) -
    • - a drug may have several trade names (different manufacturerers can make the same drug with different trade names) but only one official generic name

    The generic name is NOT capitalized
  5. Drug Strength
    • Strength of the drug -
    • solid drugs = metric weight
    • liquid drugs = label states solution of drug in a solvent
  6. Drug Form
    type of preparation in the container
  7. Usual dosage
    identifies who would recieve the drug & how much drug is administered at a single time or during a 24-hour period
  8. Route of Administration
    How drug is to be given - orally, parenterally (injection), topically

    If label does not specifiy route - the durg is an oral form
  9. Storage
    conditions needed to protect the drug from losing it potency
  10. Precautions
    special instructions related to safety, effectivemess, and/ or administration
  11. Manufacturer's Name
    Company to contact with questions
  12. Expiration Date
    Drug expires on last day of month indicated - can't be used after that
  13. Lot Number
    Batch of drug from which the stock came
  14. Additives
    ingredients added to bind the drug (tables), make it dissolve more easily, or produce a specific pH, etc.
  15. Reconstitition
    • some drug are dispensed in a dry (powder) form that need to be reconstituted (dissolved)
    • - label will give specific instructins about how to reconstitute and what type and how much liquid to use
  16. ampule
    • glass container that holds a single sterile dose of drug - liquid, powder, or crystal
    • - container has a narrow neck that must be broken to reach the drug - nurse uses a syringe to withdraw the medication
    • - once oepened, cannot be kept sterile so anything not used must be discarded
  17. vial
    glass or plastic container witha sealed rubber top - can be kept sterile

    single-done vials to not contain preservative or bacteriostatic agent and must be discarded are dose is prepared
  18. prefilled cartridges
    small vials with a needle attached - must be placed into a metal or plastic holder to inject the dose
  19. transdermal patches
    adhesive bandaged placed on the skin - hold a drug that is slowly absorbed into circualtion over a period of hours or days
  20. Lozenges and pastilles
    disklike solids that slowly dissolve in the mouth
  21. Stock bottles
    hold medication that is dispensed over a period of days
  22. unit-dose
    individually wrapped and labeled brugs
  23. parenteral
    drugs in solid or liquid form that are given by injection, via the specified route on the order
  24. topical
    route of administration to skin or mucous membranes
  25. Suppositories
    molded form - medicaion is in a substance (such as Cocoa Butter) that melts at body temp and releases the drug

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