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What is ABO?
- A type of antigen system
- The ABO type of blood of the donar should be compatible with the recipients
- Ex. type A can match with type A
What is an autologous donation?
Donation from to client own blood before scheduled procedere
Matching of blood from two persons by two different types of antigen systems, ABO and Rh, present on the membrane surface of the red blood cells, to prevent transfustion reaction
A compatible donor who has been selected by the recipient
Fresh Frozen plasma
A blood product admistered to increase the level of clotting factors in clients with such a deficiency
A delayed transfusion complication that occurs in clients who are choronicall y dependent on blood transfusions, such as clients with anemia or thrombocytopenia
The testing of the donor's blood and the recipients blood for compatibility
A blood product administered to clients with low platelet counts and the thrombocytopenic clients who are bleeding actively or are schedured for an invasive procedure
Red blood cells
A blood product used to replace erthrocytes lost as result of trauma or surgical interventions or in clients with bone marrow supression
Rh stands for Rhesus factor. A person having the factor is Rh positive/ a person lacking the factor is Rh negative. The presence or absence of Rh antigens on the surface of RBC's determines the classification as rh positive or Rh negative.
composed of RBC's, plasma, and plasma protiens and administered primarily to treat hypovolemia shock resulting in hemorrhage
RBC's are used to replace
Platelets are used to treat
thrombocytopenia and platelet dysfunctions
Platelets are administered?
Imediately usually withing 15 to 30 min
Fresh Frozen Plasma may be used
to provide clotting factors, and are infused within 2 hours of thawing,while clotting factors are still viable
What solustions for adminstering blood can be used
Can medications be added with blood transfusion?
Never, nor can be piggypacked,
To avoid septicemia
1 unit should infusion should not exceed 4 hours
Administration set should be changed?
every 4 to 6 hours, with each unit of blood or according to policy for risk of septicemia
Blood should be administered within
20-30 minutes of recieving it from blood bank
Symptoms of Septicemia
- Rapid onset of fever and chills
- vomitting, diarrhea
Symptoms of iron overload
- vomitting, diarrhea
- altered hematological values
Hypocalcemia with transfusion
- 1. Citrate in tranfused blood binds with calcium and is excreted
- 2. Assess serum calcium
- 3. Monitor for signs of hypocalcemia
- 4. Slow tranfusion and call physician, with signs
- 1. Stored blood liberates potassium through hemolysis
- 2. the older the blood, the greater the risk of hypercalcemia, therefore clients at risk renal insuff or failure, should recieve fresh blood
- 3. assess date of the blood and serum potassium level before and after tranfusion
- 5. slow and notify doc if you have signs
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