Card Set Information
what to assess for with vision impaired
redness, burning , pain in eyes
Increased lacrimation and exudate
Nausea and vomitting
atlered growth and development
altered vision fucntion test
tonometry procedure includes?
cornea is anethetized
tonometer registers degree of indentation on cornea when pressure is applied
pressure increased in gluacoma
Client preparation for tonometry?
advise not to squing, cough, or hold breath during procedure
Visual field measurement is a measurment of?
The range of vision (perimetry)
Visual field procedure?
Client is seated a measured distance form chart of concentric circles
Client asked to fix eyes on a point on a chart at center of circle
client instrected to indicate when he or she first sees pointer, this point is recorded as a point in field of vision
This procedure is repeated around 360 degrees of circle
Normal visual fields for each eye are approximately a 50 degree anger superiorly 90 degree laterally 70 inferiolry , and 60 degree medially
what is myopia ?
Is nearsightedness ( light rays refact at a point in front of the retina)
What is hyperopia?
farsightedness ( light reays refract behind the retina)
Occures with aging
uneven curbature of cornea causing blurring
Nursing consideration from chemical burn?
eye irrigation 15-20 min with water
Radiation nurisng consideration?
Preventative eye shields
Thermal nursing considerations
Use of goggles to protect cornea, patching analgesics
Nonpenetrating injury abrasions nursing considerations?
eye patch 24 hour
Nonpenatrationg contusion nursing considerations?
Cold compresses, analgesics
Penetrating sharp point nursing considerations
cover with patch, refer to surgeon
How to prevent eye injury?
1. safe toys
2. eye protectors when working with chemicals , tools
3. eye protectors during sports
4. protect eyes from ultraviolet light
How to enhance communication with blind patient
Adress client by name
always introduce self
sate reason for being there
inform client when leaving the room
How to provide blind patient a sense of safety?
explain procedures in detail
keep furniture arrangment consistant
provide hand rail
doors should never be half open
have client follow attendant when walking touch elbow with attendant 1/2 step ahead
Instruct client to use light weigh walking stick when walking alone
Foster blind persoin independence
Provide assitance only when needed
Identify food and location on plate or tray
encourage recreational and lesure time activities
Care for artificial eye?
clean with mild detergent and water
dry and store in water or saline
make sure to remove before surgeries
How to insert artificial eye?
Raise uper lid slip eye beneath
support lower lid and draw it over the lower edge of eye
Removal of artificial eye?
Draw lower lid downward
slip eye forward over lower lid and remove
instill eye drops