Integumentary System: Symptomatic Terms

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pugluv01
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91160
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Integumentary System: Symptomatic Terms
Updated:
2011-06-18 19:06:28
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medterm ch5 quiz2
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Quiz 2
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  1. lesion
    an area of pathologically altered tissue

    • Two types:
    • - primary
    • - secondary
  2. primary lesions
    lesions arising from previousl normal skin
  3. macule (macula)
    a flat, discolored spot on the skin up to 1 cm across
  4. patch
    a flat, discolored area on the skin larger than 1 cm
  5. papule
    a solid mass on the skin up to 0.5 cm in diameter
  6. plaque
    a solid mass greater than 1 cm in diameter, limited to the surface of the skin
  7. nodule
    a solid mass greater than 1 cm, which extends deeper into the epidermis
  8. tumor
    a solid mass larger than 1-2 cm
  9. wheal
    an area of localized skin edema (swelling)
  10. vesicle
    little bladder; an elevated, fluid-filled sac (blister) within or under epidermis up to 0.5 cm in diameter
  11. bulla
    a blister larger than 0.5 cm
  12. pustule
    a pus-filled sac
  13. secondary lesions
    lesions that result in changes in primary lesions
  14. erosion
    to gnaw away; loss of superficial epidermis leaving an area of moisture but no bleeding
  15. ulcer
    an open sore on the skin or mucous membrane that can bleed and scar and is sometimes accompanied by infection
  16. excoriation
    a scratch mark
  17. fissure
    a linear crack in the skin
  18. scale
    a thin flake of exfoliated epidermis
  19. crust
    dried residue of serum (body liquid), pud, or blood on the skin
  20. cicatrix of the skin
    a mark left by the healing of a sore or wound showing the replacement of destroyed tissue by fibrous tissue
  21. keloid
    an abnormal overgrowth of scar tissue that is thick and irregular
  22. vascular lesions
    • lesions of a blood vessel
    • Includes:
    • - cherry angioma
    • - telangiectasia
    • - spider angioma
  23. cherry angioma
    a small, round, bright-red blood vessel tumor on the skin, often on the trunk of the elderly
  24. telangiectasia
    a tiny, red blood vessel lesion formed by the dilation of a group of blood vessels radiating from a central arteriole, most commonly seems on the face, neck or chest
  25. spider angioma
    a tiny, red blood vessel lesion formed by the dilation of a group of blood vessels radiating from a central arteriole, most commonly seems on the face, neck or chest
  26. purpuric lesions
    purpura; lesions as a result of hemorrhages into the skin

    • Includes:
    • - petechia
    • - ecchymosis
  27. petechia
    spot; a reddish-brown, minute hemorrhagic spot on the skin that indicates a bleeding tendency
  28. ecchymosis
    bruise; a black and blue mark
  29. epidermal tumors
    skin tumors arising from the epidermis

    • Includes:
    • - nevus
    • - dysplastic nevus
    • - verruca
  30. nevus
    a congenital malformation on the skin that can be epidermal or vascular, aka mole
  31. dysplastic nevus
    a mole with precancerous changes
  32. verruca
    an epidermal tumor caused by a papilloma virus, aka wart

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