25% Dextrose in Water
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To provide glucose for patients who have low blood glucose leverls as determined by blood glucose reagent strips.
Mechanism of Action
Glucose is the principal energy source utilized by the brain and other tissues. "Dextrose" is used to describe the six-carbon sugar that is the pricipal form of carbohydrate for the body. When the hypoglycemic pt is comatose, glucose can not be given by mouth-it can only be given IV.
hypoglycemia, acute alcoholism with coma
- No major contraindications for hypoglycemic patients.
- May be detrimental to pts experiencing cerbral ischemia and or hemorrhage.
- Determine blood glucose level prior to administration. Preferably use larger veins. Localized irritation may occour when using smaller veins.
- Ensure patency of IV line prior to administration because of potential for necrosis
Dosage and Administration
- Pediatric patients
- Standard dose of 25% dextrose in hypoglycemia is 2cc/kg IV
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