Integumentary System: Diagnostic Terms

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Integumentary System: Diagnostic Terms
2011-06-18 19:59:12
medterm ch5 quiz2

Quiz 2
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  1. acne
    an inflammation of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles of the skin evidenced by comedones, pustules, or nodules on the skin
  2. albinism
    a hereditary condition characterized by a partial or total lack of melanin pigment
  3. burn
    any injury to body tissue caused by heat, chemicals, electricty, radiation or gases

    • Includes:
    • - first-degree
    • - second-degree
    • - third-degree
  4. first-degree burn
    a burn involving only the epidermis, characterized by erythema (redness) and hyperesthesia (excessive sensation)
  5. second-degree burn
    a bun involving the epidermis and the dermis, characterized by erythema, hyperesthesia, and vesications (blisters)
  6. third-degree burn
    a burn involving all layers of the skin, characterized by the destruction of the epidermis and dermis with damage or destruction of the subcutaneous tissue
  7. cellulitis
    an acute inflammation of subcutaneous tissue resulting from a bacterial invasion through a break in the skin
  8. dermatitis (eczema)
    an inflammation of the skin characterized by redness, pruritis (itching), and various lesions

    • Common types:
    • - atopic dermatitis
    • - contact dermititis
    • - seborrheic dermatitis
  9. atopic dermatitis
    a chronic skin inflammation characterized by the appernce of inflamed, swollen papules and vesicles that crust and scale, with severe itching and burning; mostly in infants
  10. contact dermititis
    an inflammation of the skin resulting from contact with a substance to which one is allergic, or one that is a known skin irritant
  11. seborrheic dermatitis
    redness of the skin covered by a yellow, oily, itchy scale most commonly at the hairline, forehead, and around the nose, ears, or eyelashes
  12. dermatosis
    any disorder of the skin
  13. exanthematous viral disease
    eruption of the skin caused by a viral disease

    • Includes:
    • - rubella
    • - rubeola
    • - varicella
  14. rubella
    reddish; German measles
  15. rubeola
    reddish; 14-day measles
  16. varicella
    a tiny spot; chickenpox
  17. eczema
    to boil out; a skin condition characterized by the appearance of inflamed, swollen papules and vesicles that crust and scale, often with sensations of itching and burning
  18. furuncle
    a boil; a painful nodule formed in the skin by inflammation originating in a hair follicle - caused by staphylococcosis

    • Includes:
    • - carbuncle
    • - abscess
  19. carbuncle
    a skin infection consisting of clusters of furuncles
  20. abscess
    a localized collection of pus in a cavity formed by the inflammation of surrounding tissues that heals when drained or excised
  21. gangrene
    an eating sore; death of tissue associated with a loss of blood supply resulting from trauma or an inflammatory or infectious process

    • Seen in complications of:
    • - frostbite
    • - severe burns
    • - conditions that affect circulation
  22. herpes simplex virus type 1
    transient viral vesicles that infect the facial area, especially the mouth and nose
  23. herpes simplex virus type 2
    sexually transmitted ulcer-like lesions of the genital and anorectal skin and mucosa; after initial infection, the virus lies dormany in the nerve cell root and may return at times of stress
  24. herpes zoster
    a viral disease affecting the peripheral nerves characterized by painful blisters that spread over the skin following the affected nerves, aka shingles
  25. ichthyosis
    a skin condition caused by a gene defect that results in dry, thick, scaly skin
  26. impetigo
    highly contagious, bacterial skin inflammation marked by pustules that rupture and become crusted, most often around mouth and nostrils
  27. keratoses
    thickened areas of epidermis

    • Includes:
    • - actinic keratoses
    • - solar keratoses
    • - seborrheic keratoses
  28. actinic keratoses
    localized thickening of the skin caused by excessive exposure to sunlight; a known precursor to cancer
  29. solar keratoses
    localized thickening of the skin caused by excessive exposure to sunlight; a known precursor to cancer
  30. seborrheic keratoses
    benign wart-like lesions
  31. lupus
    a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation of various parts of the body

    • Includes
    • - cutaneous lupus
    • - systemic lupus erythematosus
  32. cutaneous lupus
    limited to the skin; evidenced by a characteristic rash especially on the face, neck, and scalp
  33. systemic lupus erythematosus
    a more severe form of lupus involving the skin, joints, and often the vital organs
  34. malignant cutaneous neoplasm
    skin cancer

    • Includes
    • - squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)
    • - basal cell carcinoma (BCC)
    • - malignant melanoma
    • - Kaposi sarcoma
  35. squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)
    a malignant tumor of squamous epithelium
  36. basal cell carcinoma (BCC)
    a malignant tumor of the basal layer of the epidermis (most common type of skin cancer)
  37. malignant melanoma
    a malignant tumor composed of melanocytes - most develop from a pigmented nevus over time
  38. Kaposi sarcoma
    a malignant tumor of the walls of blood vessels appearing as painless, dark bluish-purple plaques on the skin; often spreads to lymph nodes and internal organs
  39. onychia
    inflammation of the fingernail or toenail
  40. paronychia
    inflammation of the nail fold
  41. pediculosis
    infestation with lice that causes itching and dermatitis

    • Includes:
    • - pediculosis capitis
    • - pediculosis pubis
  42. pediculosis capitis
    head lice
  43. pediculosis pubis
    lice that generally infect the pubic region, but hair of the axilla, eyebrows, lashes, beard, or other hairy body surfaces may also be involved, aka crabs
  44. psoriasis
    an itching; a chronic, recurrent skin disease marked by silver-gray scales covering red patches on the skin that result from overproduction and thickening of skin cells
  45. scabies
    a contagious disease caused by a parasite (mite) that invades the skin, causing an intense itch
  46. seborrhea
    a skin condition marked by hypersecretion of sebum from the sebaceous glands
  47. tinea
    a group of fungal skin diseases identified by the body part that is affected

    • Includes:
    • - tinea corporis (body; ringworm)
    • - tinea pedis (foot, athelete's foot)
  48. vitiligo
    a condition caused by the destruction of melanin that results in the appearance of white patches on the skin