Musculoskeletal System: Parts of a Long Bone

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Musculoskeletal System: Parts of a Long Bone
2011-06-18 22:11:29
medterm ch6 quiz2

Quiz 2
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  1. epiphysis
    wide ends of a long bone
  2. diaphysis
    shaft of a long bone
  3. metaphysis
    growth zone between epiphysis and diaphysis during development of a long bone
  4. endosteum
    membrane lining the medullary cavity of a bone
  5. medullary cavity
    cavity within the shaft of the long bones filled with bone marrow
  6. bone marrow
    soft connective tissue within the medullary cavities of bones

    • Includes:
    • - red bone marrow
    • - yellow bone marrow
  7. red bone marrow
    found in cavities of most bones in infants; functions in formation of red blood cells, some white blood cells, and platelets; in adults, red bone marrow is found most often in flat bones
  8. yellow bone marrow
    gradually replaces red bone marrow in adult bones, functions as storage for fat tissue, and is inactive in formation of blood cells
  9. periosteum
    a fibrous, vascular membrane that covers the bone
  10. articular cartilage
    a gristle-like substance found on bones where they articulate