Musculoskeletal System: Diagnostic Tests and Procedures
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a neurodiagnostic graphic record of the electrical activity of muscle at rest and during contraction to diagnose neuromusculoskeletal disorders
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
a nonionizing imaging technique using magnetic fields and radiofrequency waves to visualize anatomical structures
ionizing imaging technique using radioactive isotopes
radionuclide organ imaging
radionuclide imaging of bone tissue to detect tumor malignancy
x-ray imaging; an ionizing technique commonly used in orthopedics to visualize the extremities, ribs, back, shoulders, joints, etc.
an x-ray of a joint taken after injection of a contrast medium
an x-ray of an intervertebral disk after injection of contrast medium
dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry
an x-ray scan that measures bone mineral density of the spine and extremities to diagnose osteoporosis, determine fracture risk, and monitor treatment
- Classifications of bone mass include:
- - normal
- - osteopenic
- - osteoporotic
computed tomography (CT)/computed axial tomography (CAT)
a specialized x-ray procedure producing a series of cross-sectional images that are processed by a computer into a 2-dimensional or 3-dimensional image
ultrasound imaging; a nonionizing technique useful in orthopedics to visualize muscles, ligaments, displacements, and dislocations or to guide a therapeutic intervention such as that performed during arthroscopy
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