Musculoskeletal System: Operative Terms

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  1. amputation
    partial or complete removal of a limb
  2. arthrocentesis
    puncture for aspiration of a joint
  3. arthrodesis
    binding or fusing of joint surfaces
  4. arthroplasty
    repair or reconstruction of a joint
  5. arthroscopy
    procedure using an arthroscope to examine, diagnose, and repair a joint from within
  6. bone grafting
    transplantation of a piece of bone from one site to another to repair a skeleta defect
  7. bursectomy
    excision of a bursa
  8. myoplasty
    repair of muscle
  9. open reduction, internal fixation (ORIF) of a fracture
    internal surgical repair of a fracture by bringing bones back into alignment and fixing them into place, often utilizing plates, screws, pins, etc.
  10. osteoplasty
    repair of bone
  11. osteotomy
    an incision into bone
  12. spondylosyndesis
    spinal fusion
  13. tenotomy
    division by incision of a tendon to repair a deformity caused by shortening of a muscle
  14. closed reduction, external fixation of a fracture
    external manipulation of a fracture to regain alignment along with application of an external device to protect and hold the bone in place while healing

    • Includes:
    • - casting
    • - splinting
    • - traction (Tx)
  15. casting
    use of a stiff, solid dressing around a limb or other body part to immobilize it during healing
  16. splinting
    use of a rigid device to immobilize or restrain a broken bone or injured body part; provides less support tha a cast, but can be adjusted easier to accommodate for swelling from an injury
  17. traction (Tx)
    application of a pulling force to a fractures bone or dislocated joint to maintain proper position during healing
  18. closed reduction, percutaneous fixation of a fracture
    external manipulation of a fracture to regain alignment, followed by insertion of one or more pins through the skin to maintain position; often includes use of an external device called a fixator to keep the fracture immobilized during healing
  19. orthosis
    use of an orthopedic appliance to maintain a bone's position or provide limb support
  20. physical therapy
    treatment to rehabilitate patients disabled by illness or injury, involving many different modalities such as exercise, hydrotherapy, diathermy, and ultrasound
  21. prosthesis
    an artificial replacement for a diseased or missing body part such as a hip, joint, or limb
  22. analgesic
    a drug that relieves pain
  23. narcotic
    a potent analgesic that has addictive properties
  24. anti-inflammatory
    a drug that reduces inflammation
  25. antipyretic
    a drug that relieves fever
  26. nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)
    a group of drugs with analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic properties commonly used to treat arthritis
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Musculoskeletal System: Operative Terms
Quiz 2
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