W Physio Midterm Review

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son850
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91294
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W Physio Midterm Review
Updated:
2011-06-22 13:35:41
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Physio
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W Physio
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  1. Which anatomical area of our respiratory system does gas exchange take place?
    Alveoli
  2. What does the RCC (respiratory control center) monitor in the blood?
    C02 levels
  3. Is breathing entirely voluntary or involuntary?
    Both
  4. What is hyperactive in Hyperactive Airway Disease?
    Bronchial Smooth Muscle
  5. What is important about the epiglottis?
    Regulates air going into the trachea and food and water going into the esophagus
  6. When food and water accidentally goes into the airway what is that called?
    Aspiration
  7. Which cycle of respiration is obstructed in Obstructive Pattern Lung Disease?
    Expiration
  8. What is the very function(s) of our paranasal sinus'?
    • Filtration
    • Warming the air
    • Humidifying or moisten the inhaled air
  9. How may layers does the pleural membrane have?
    • 2
    • Inner and outer
  10. Air entering pleural space is called?
    Pneumothorax
  11. Water entering the pleural space is called?
    Pleural Effusion (edema)
  12. Which two hormones work on the distal tubules of nephrons?
    • Aldosterone
    • ADH (Anti-diuretic hormone)
  13. Which way does the water move in osmosis?
    Low to High solute concentration
  14. Name the 4 ways we lose body fluid?
    • Sweating
    • Feces
    • Urination
    • Breathing
  15. Which hormones are NOT under pituitary control?
    • Calcitonin
    • PTH
    • Insulin
    • Glucagon
    • Aldosterone
  16. What do you normally find in urine?
    • Urea
    • Potassium
    • H+ (acids)
    • Urobilinogen
  17. What is NOT normally found in urine?
    • Glucose
    • Ketones
    • Proteins (Albumin)
  18. What are the 3 P's of Type 1 Diabetes?
    • Polyuria - excessive urination
    • Polydipsia - excessive thirst
    • Polyphagia - excessive appetite
  19. What are the most common causes of edema?
    • Cancer mass (unilateral)
    • Blood clot or DVT
    • Congestive heart failure (bilateral)
    • Protein calorie malnutrition (anywhere)
  20. What are negative or adverse effects of testosterone in elderly males?
    • Male pattern baldness
    • Prostate enlargement (possibly cancer)
    • High LDL cholesterol (increase chance of heart disease)
  21. Which structure is the inguinal hernia herniated to?
    Inguinal Canal
  22. A 5 year old child playing outdoors for hours and develops sudden wheezing. What does this person have?
    Asthma
  23. A 60 year old smoker with shortness of breath and periodic wheezing. What does this person have?
    COPD
  24. A 45 year old with smokers cough. What does the person have?
    Chronic Bronchitis
  25. A 46 year old truck driver with shortness of breath after a car accident with rib fracture. What does this person have?
    Pneumothorax
  26. Which pituitary hormone is involved with labor or pregnancy?
    Oxytocin
  27. Which hormone is opposite in action and function to insulin?
    Glucagon
  28. Name the bone cells involved in demineralization.
    Osteoclast
  29. What are some diseases we can detect with urinalysis?
    • Diabetes
    • Gallstones (Biliary Stones or Disease)
    • UTI (Urinary Tract Infection)
    • Kidney Disease
  30. A 26 year old with a large symetrical anterior neck mass. What does this person have?
    Goiter
  31. A 60 year old on steroids with difficult to control COPD. What does this person have?
    Cushing's Sydrome
  32. A 46 year old low energy level, lethargy, weakness, facial swelling on head and neck swelling. What does this person have?
    Hypothyroidism
  33. A 50 year old with very rough skin in face and hands. What does this person have?
    Acromegaly
  34. What are the 4 rules of female reproductive system?
    Mid-cycle?
    Regular cycle length?
    Regular menses length?
    First day of cycle?
    • Mid-cycle: Day 14
    • Regular cycle length: 28 days
    • Regular menses length: 3-5 days
    • First day of cycle: First day of menses or period
  35. A 21 year old complaining of increased thirst and appetiite with frequent urination. What does this person have?
    Type 1 Diabetes
  36. A 28 year old with tender neck mass, elevated T4 level. What does this person have?
    Grave's Disease
  37. A 25 year old female with swollen breasts and nipple discharge. What does this person have?
    Prolactinoma
  38. A 45 year old with a lump on one side of the neck (small nodules) and elevated calcium levels. What does this person have?
    Parathyroid Adenoma
  39. Which hormone is responsible for faciliating glucose into cells?
    Insulin
  40. Which hormone is elevated after ovulation?
    Progesterone
  41. What is an autoimmune disease?
    • The inability to differentiate self (normal body tissue) from non-self (exogenous pathogen)
    • Immune system attacking body tissue
  42. A 32 year old with heavy periods with clots. What does this person have?
    Hemorrhagia
  43. A 16 year old no menses or no cycle. What does this person have?
    Primary Amenorrhea
  44. A 28 year old with a lot of intestinal pain related to her cycle. What does this person have?
    Endometriosis
  45. A 47 year old with benign uterine growth and a lot of pelvic pain. What does this person have?
    Fibroids
  46. A 24 year old female, divorced, has two children, takes birth control pills, has irregular mentrual cycle. Last menstrual period was 15 weeks ago. Urine pregnancy test is negative. What does this person have?
    Secondary Amenorrhea
  47. What is the name of the hormone to test for positive pregnancy?
    hCG (human Chorionic Gonadotropin)
  48. Which structure produces progesterone after first trimester?
    Placenta

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