nclex-pn study guide

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Author:
fisheatflies
ID:
91310
Filename:
nclex-pn study guide
Updated:
2011-06-22 23:25:36
Tags:
LPN NCLEX
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Description:
Definitions, lab values, and random knowledge to better your NCLEX-PN experience
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  1. Supine Position
    • Flat on their back
    • Avoids hip flexion which can compress artierial blood flow
  2. Dorsal Recumbent Position
    Supine (flat) with legs flexed; more comfortable
  3. Fowler's -
    head of bed up 45 to 60 degrees
  4. semi-Fowler's (or low Fowler's) -
    head of bed up at about 30 degrees
  5. high Fowler's -
    head of bed up 90 degrees
  6. lateral (side-lying) -
    patient on his side with spine in good alignment and parallel to the edge of the mattress with head, neck and upper arm supported in good anatomical position and supported by pillows with a pillow at the back for support
  7. Sims' (also called semiprone or forward side-lying) -
    proned at 45 degrees to left or right side with lowest leg extended and uppermost leg flexed at 45 to 90 degrees
  8. prone -
    lying on abdomen with head turned to one side
  9. Trendelenburg -
    bed flat with head of bed below the level of the heart
  10. reverse Trendelenburg -
    bed flat with foot of bed below the level of the heart
  11. lithotomy -
    back-lying position with hips and knees bent and feet in stirrups (or legs bent so that the thighs are flexed backward onto the abdomen, lower legs are resting on the upper thighs and the thighs are abducted) [used for gynecological exams and procedures]
  12. HEMATOCRIT (HCT)
    Normal Adult Female Range: 37 - 47%Normal Adult Male Range 40 - 54%Normal Newborn Range: 50 - 62%
  13. HEMOGLOBIN (HGB)
    • Normal Adult Female Range: 12 - 16 g/dl
    • Normal Adult Male Range: 14 - 18 g/dl
    • Normal Newborn Range: 14 - 20 g/dl
  14. R.B.C. (Red Blood Cell Count)
    • Adult Female Range: 3.9 - 5.2 mill/mcl
    • Adult Male Range: 4.2 - 5.6 mill/mcl
    • Lower ranges are found in Children, newborns and infants
  15. W.B.C. (White Blood Cell Count)
    • Adult Range: 3.8 - 10.8 thous/mcl
    • Higher ranges are found in children, newborns and infants.
  16. PLATELET COUNT
    • Adult Range: 130 - 400 thous/mcl
    • Higher ranges are found in children, newborns and infants
  17. SODIUM (Na) -
    Normal Adult Range: 135-146 mEq/L
  18. POTASSIUM (K) -
    Normal Range: 3.5 - 5.5 mEq/L
  19. CHLORIDE -
    • -Normal Adult Range: 95-112 mEq/L
    • -Elevated lvls related to acidosis & too much water crossing the cell membrane.
    • -Decreased lvls w/ decreased serum albumin may indicate water deficiency crossing the cell membrane (edema).
  20. CO2 (Carbon Dioxide) -
    • Adult Range: 22-32 mEq/L
    • Childrens Range - 20 - 28 mEq/L
  21. CALCIUM (Ca) -
    Adult Range: 8.5-10.3 mEq/dl
  22. PHOSPHORUS -
    • Normal Adult Range: 2.5 - 4.5 mEq/dl
    • Normal Childrens Range: 3 - 6 mEq/dl
  23. B.U.N. (Blood Urea Nitrogen) -
    Normal Adult Range: 7 - 25 mg/dl
  24. CREATININE -
    Normal Adult Range: .7 - 1.4 mg/dl
  25. URIC ACID -
    • Adult Female Range: 2.5 - 7.5 mg/dl
    • Adult Male Range: 3.5 - 7.5 mg/dl
  26. BUN/CREATININE -
    Adult Range: 6 -25 (calculated)
  27. Normal resting heart rate for newborn
    120-160

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