EMT-B chp 5

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  1. Rapid heart rhythm, more than 100 beats/min.
  2. The reason a patient called for help. Also, the patient''s response to questions such as "What''s wrong?" or "What happened?"
    chief complaint
  3. The white portion of the eye.
  4. A yellow skin or sclera color that is caused by liver disease or dysfunction.
  5. Breathing in a patient that occurs with no assistance.
    spontaneous respiration
  6. A method of listening to sounds within an organ with a stethoscope.
  7. The pressure wave that occurs as each heartbeat causes a surge in the blood circulating through the arteries.
  8. An upright position in which the patient leans forward onto two arms stretched forward and thrusts the head and chin forward.
    tripod position
  9. The pressure that remains in the arteries during the relaxing phase of the heart''s cycle (diastole) when the left ventricle is at rest.
    diastolic pressure
  10. A brief history of a patient''s condition to determine signs and symptoms, allergies, medications, pertinent past history, last oral intake, and events leading to the injury or illness.
    SAMPLE history
  11. The ability of the circulatory system to restore blood to the capillary system; evaluated by using a simple test.
    capillary refill
  12. Narrowing of a blood vessel.
  13. Slow heart rate, less than 60 beats/min.
  14. Objective findings that can be seen, heard, felt, smelled, or measured.
  15. Blood pressure that is higher than the normal range.
  16. A harsh, high-pitched, crowing inspiratory sound, such as the sound often heard in acute laryngeal (upper airway) obstruction.
  17. The key signs that are used to evaluate the patient''s overall condition, including respirations, pulse, blood pressure, level of consciousness, and skin characteristics.
    vital signs
  18. Circulation of blood within an organ or tissue.
  19. The increased pressure along an artery with each contraction (systole) of the ventricles.
    systolic pressure
  20. A method of assessing level of consciousness by determining whether the patient is awake and alert, responsive to verbal stimuli or pain, or unresponsive; used principally early in the assessment.
    AVPU scale
  21. Characterized by profuse sweating.
  22. The delicate membrane lining the eyelids and covering the exposed surface of the eye.
  23. Subjective findings that the patient feels but that can be identified only by the patient.
  24. The pressure of circulating blood against the walls of the arteries.
    Blood pressure(BP)
  25. An abbreviation for key terms used in evaluating a patient''s signs and symptoms: onset, provocation or palliation, quality, region/radiation, severity, and timing of pain.
  26. A bluish-gray skin color that is caused by reduced levels of oxygen in the blood.
  27. Breathing that requires visibly increased effort; characterized by grunting, stridor, and use of accessory muscles.
    labored breathing
  28. Blood pressure that is lower than the normal range.
  29. The amount of air that is exchanged with each breath.
    tidal volume
  30. An unusually upright position in which the patient''s head and chin are thrust slightly forward
    sniffing position
  31. SAMPLE
    • Signs/symptoms
    • Allergies
    • Medication
    • Past PERTINENT Medical History
    • Last oral intake
    • Events leading up to injury/illness
  32. AVPU
    • Alert
    • Voice
    • Pain
    • Unresponisive
  33. An assessment tool that measures oxygen saturation of hemoglobin in the capillary beds.
    pulse oximetry
Card Set
EMT-B chp 5
SAMPLE History and basic vital signs
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