Musculosketal System

Card Set Information

Author:
tchmura
ID:
91366
Filename:
Musculosketal System
Updated:
2011-06-20 21:10:42
Tags:
Chp1 Root Words
Folders:

Description:
Common root terms and terms for the musculosketal system--muscles, bones, joints, cartilage, and ligaments
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  1. Root:
    adeno
    gland

    • Medical term:
    • adenoma (gland tunor)
  2. Root:
    calculi
    stone

    • Medical Term:
    • calculosis (stones)
  3. Root:
    cele
    tumor, cyst; hernia

    • Medical term:
    • hydrocele (water cyst, tumor)
  4. Root:
    cyto
    cell

    • Medical Term:
    • cytology (cells, study of)
  5. Root:

    glyco
    sweet, sugar

    • Medical Term:
    • glycosuria (sugar in the urine)
  6. Root:

    homeo, homo
    similar, same, like

    • Medical Term:
    • homeostasis (same
  7. Root:

    lingua
    tongue

    • Medical Term:
    • linguiform (tongue-shaped)
  8. Root:

    lip
    fat

    Medical Term:

    lipoma (fat tumor)
  9. Root:

    lith
    stone

    • Medical Term:
    • lithotripsy (stone dissolve)
  10. Root:

    madro
    falling hair

    • Medical Term:
    • madarosis (loss of eyelashes or eyebrows)
  11. Root:

    psych
    mind

    • Medical Term:
    • psycho (mind; study of psychology; mental processes)
  12. Root:

    pyo
    pus

    • Medical Term:
    • pyogenic (puss producing)
  13. Root:

    radi
    rays

    • Medical Term:
    • radiology (rays, study of)
  14. Root:

    thermic
    heat

    • Medical Term:
    • thermobiosis (exists at high temperature)
  15. Root:

    artho
    joint

    • Medical Term:
    • arthritis (joint inflammation)
  16. Root:

    carpo
    wrist

    • Medical Term:
    • carpoptosis (wrist dropping)
  17. Root:

    chondro con+ droh
    cartilage

    Medical Term:

    chondromalacia (cartilage, soft)
  18. Root:

    costa
    rib

    • Medical Term:
    • intercostal (between rib)
  19. Root:

    cranio crane + knee + oh
    skull

    • Mecical Term:
    • craniotomy (skull incision)
  20. Root:
    dactyl dact + till
    finger

    • Medical Term:
    • dactylitis (finger inflammation)
  21. Root:

    ili ill + lee
    hip

    • Medical Term:
    • ilosacral (ilium and sacrum)
  22. Root:

    manu
    hand

    • Medical Term:
    • manicure (hand care)
  23. Root:

    myel my + el
    bone marrow

    • Medical Term:
    • myeloma (marrow tumor)
  24. Root:

    myo my + o
    muscle

    • Medical Term:
    • myoedema (muscle swelling)
  25. Root:

    ortho or + thoh
    straighten

    • Medical Term:
    • orthopedic (concerning deformities)
  26. Root:

    osteo ah + stee + oh
    bone

    • Medical Term:
    • osteoplast (bone surgery)
  27. Root:

    pedi pee + dee
    foot

    • Medical Term:
    • pedicure (foot care)
  28. Root:

    spondyl spawn + dill
    vertebra

    • Medical Term:
    • spondylitis (vertebrae inflammation)
  29. cholelithiasis

    bladder + stone + condition of
    Condition of stones in the gallbladder or bile ducts
  30. Craniosynostosis

    skull + together + bone + condition
    Closed skull sutures in an infant
  31. Myonecrosis

    muscle + death + condition
    A severe form of gangrene
  32. Myelomeningocele
    Another name for spina bifida. The spinal canal remains open after bith

    spinal cord (marrow) + membrane + hernia
  33. Osteoporosis

    bone + porous + condition of
    Condition of reduced bone mass.

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