Extremity Vascular Test

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ICT2011
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91377
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Extremity Vascular Test
Updated:
2011-06-20 18:43:01
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Extremity Vascular Test
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Extremity Vascular Test
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  1. Which carotid arteries have low resistance?
    Internal
  2. Which carotid arteries have high resistance?
    External
  3. Name the three layers of arteries and veins.
    • Tunica Intimia
    • Tunica Media
    • Tunica Adventitia
  4. What does the vascular system transport to the tissues?
    O2 (gas) and nutrients
  5. List the five sections the aorta is divided into.
    • aortic root
    • Ascending aorta
    • Descending Thoracic Aorta
    • Abdomina Aorta
    • Bifurcation inot Iliac arteries to legs
  6. Which vessels are more eleasitc and do not collapse?
    Arteries
  7. Which vessels have vavles and are usually larger in diameter?
    Veins
  8. Veins move with _____ motion and _____ motion.
    • valve
    • calf
  9. Arteries flow due to _______ ________.
    Heart contractions
  10. What are three factors that affect vascular blood flow?
    • Pressure
    • Resistance
    • Viscosity
  11. Name the two types of stroke and which is the most common?
    • Ischemic (most common 80%)
    • Hemorrhagic
  12. Name the upper extremity anatomy.
    • IJV
    • Subclavian Vein
    • Axillary Vein
    • Brachial
    • Cephalic Vein
    • Basilic Vein
    • Mepial Antecubital
  13. Name the lower extremity anatomy.
    • Vena Cava
    • Common Iliac vein
    • Internal Iliac vein
    • External Iliac Vein
    • Common Femoral Vein
    • Superficial Femoral Vein
    • Greater Saphenous Vein
    • Popliteal Vein
    • Greater Saphenous Vein
    • Peromal Vein
    • Poster/Anterior Tibial Veins
    • Dorsalis Pedis
  14. List the Extracranial vessels anatomy.
    • Ophthalmic artery
    • Internal Carotid artery
    • Carotid Bifurcations
    • External carotid artery
    • Common Carotid artery
    • Vertebral Artery
    • Subclavian artery
    • Right Brachiocephalic Trucnk (Inominate)
    • Aortic Arch
  15. What is Virchows Triad?
    • 1) Blood coagulability
    • 2) Venous Stasis
    • 3) Wein Wall Injury

    *The presence of these 3 factors predispose patients to the development of DVT (1846)
  16. Pale skin coloration from reduced blood flow
    Palor
  17. Reddish blue discoloration (signifigant ischemia)
    Rubor
  18. Inadequate perfusion leading to Ischemia
    Ischemic Ulcers
  19. Necrotic tissue
    Gangrene
  20. Sound caused by turbulent flow stenosis or atherosclerosis
    Bruit
  21. Staggering and unsteadiness when walking
    Ataxia
  22. Inability to communicate
    Aphasia
  23. Transient partial or complete loss of visioin in one eye
    Amaurosis fugax
  24. Double vision
    Diplopia
  25. Inability or difficulty swallowing
    Dysphagia
  26. Unilateral partial or complete paralysis
    Hemiparesis
  27. Sensation of having objects move about the person of sensation of moving around space
    Vertigo

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