Peripherial Vascular

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Author:
ICT2011
ID:
91382
Filename:
Peripherial Vascular
Updated:
2011-06-20 20:44:22
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ICT Peripherial Test
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Description:
ICT 104 Peripherial Vascular Test
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  1. Internal carotid arteries are _______ reistance.
    Low
  2. External carotid arteries are _______ reistance.
    High
  3. __________, stenosis in the left proximal subclavain or brachiocephalic that makes a retrograde blood flow in the left or right vertebral.
    Subclavain steal
  4. Name the five section of the aorta
    • Aortic Root
    • Ascending aorta
    • Descending aorta
    • Abdominal aorta
    • Bifuraction into the iliac arteries
  5. What is sometimes used by Neurologists as a tool to diagnose intracranial vascular disease
    Transcranial Doppler
  6. When referring to transcranial doppler; operator experience,improper instrument setting, patient movement, absent of poor windows, anatomic vascular, distal branch disease, misinterpretation of collateral channels or vasospasm as a stenosis, displacement of arteries by an intracraial masss are example of what.
    Limitations
  7. Name the three layers of arteries and veins
    • Tunica Intimia
    • Tunica Media
    • Tunica Adventitia
  8. What are three factors that affect vascular blood flow?
    • Pressure
    • Resistance
    • Viscosity
  9. Which vessels are more eleasitc and do not collapse?
    Arteries
  10. Which vessels have vavles and are usually larger in diameter?
    Veins
  11. Veins move with _____ motion and _____ motion.
    • valve
    • calf
  12. Arteries flow due to _______ ________.
    Heart contractions
  13. Name the two types of stroke and which is the most common?
    • Ischemic (most common 80%)
    • Hemorrhagic
  14. What is Virchows Triad?
    • 1) Blood coagulability
    • 2) Venous Stasis
    • 3) Wein Wall Injury

    *The presence of these 3 factors predispose patients to the development of DVT (1846)
  15. Pale skin coloration from reduced blood flow
    Palor
  16. Reddish blue discoloration (signifigant ischemia)
    Rubor
  17. Inadequate perfusion leading to Ischemia
    Ischemic Ulcers
  18. Necrotic tissue
    Gangrene
  19. Sound caused by turbulent flow stenosis or atherosclerosis
    Bruit
  20. Staggering and unsteadiness when walking
    Ataxia
  21. Inability to communicate
    Aphasia
  22. Transient partial or complete loss of visioin in one eye
    Amaurosis fugax
  23. Double vision
    Diplopia
  24. Inability or difficulty swallowing
    Dysphagia
  25. Unilateral partial or complete paralysis
    Hemiparesis
  26. Sensation of having objects move about the person of sensation of moving around space
    Vertigo
  27. What does the vascular system transport to the tissues?
    O2 (gas) and nutrients
  28. Which vessels serve as collaterals in the event of ICA stenosis or occlusion?
    • Ophthalmic artery
    • Circle of Willis
    • Vertebral arteries
    • ECA
  29. DVT with central venous lines are ________.
    Common
  30. Sudden numbness or weak of face, arm, legs, on one side of the body
    Sudden confusion
    Sudden dizziness
    Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes
    Sudden headaches with no known cause
    All are warning sign for ______
    Stroke
  31. List uncotrolled risk factors for stroke
    • Age
    • Race
    • Heredity
    • Gender
    • Previous stroke/ TIA or heart attack
  32. Affecting the same side of the body
    Ipsilateral
  33. Affecting the opposite side of the body
    Contralateral
  34. Name the lower extremity DEEP veins
    • Common Femoral Vein
    • Superficial Femoral Vein
    • Popliteal Vein
  35. Name the lower extremity SUPERFICIAL veins
    • Greater Saphenous Vein
    • Peroneal Vein
    • Posterior Tibial Vein
  36. Name the upper extremity DEEP veins
    • IJC
    • Sudclavian
    • Axillary
    • Brachial
  37. Name the upper extremity SUPERFICIAL veins
    • Cephalic
    • Basilic
    • Medial antecubital

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