__________, stenosis in the left proximal subclavain or brachiocephalic that makes a retrograde blood flow in the left or right vertebral.
Name the five section of the aorta
Bifuraction into the iliac arteries
What is sometimes used by Neurologists as a tool to diagnose intracranial vascular disease
When referring to transcranial doppler; operator experience,improper instrument setting, patient movement, absent of poor windows, anatomic vascular, distal branch disease, misinterpretation of collateral channels or vasospasm as a stenosis, displacement of arteries by an intracraial masss are example of what.
Name the three layers of arteries and veins
What are three factors that affect vascular blood flow?
Which vessels are more eleasitc and do not collapse?
Which vessels have vavles and are usually larger in diameter?
Veins move with _____ motion and _____ motion.
Arteries flow due to _______ ________.
Name the two types of stroke and which is the most common?
Ischemic (most common 80%)
What is Virchows Triad?
1) Blood coagulability
2) Venous Stasis
3) Wein Wall Injury
*The presence of these 3 factors predispose patients to the development of DVT (1846)
Pale skin coloration from reduced blood flow
Reddish blue discoloration (signifigant ischemia)
Inadequate perfusion leading to Ischemia
Sound caused by turbulent flow stenosis or atherosclerosis
Staggering and unsteadiness when walking
Inability to communicate
Transient partial or complete loss of visioin in one eye
Inability or difficulty swallowing
Unilateral partial or complete paralysis
Sensation of having objects move about the person of sensation of moving around space
What does the vascular system transport to the tissues?
O2 (gas) and nutrients
Which vessels serve as collaterals in the event of ICA stenosis or occlusion?
Circle of Willis
DVT with central venous lines are ________.
Sudden numbness or weak of face, arm, legs, on one side of the body
Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes
Sudden headaches with no known cause
All are warning sign for ______