Extrication

Card Set Information

Author:
Jbrand
ID:
91394
Filename:
Extrication
Updated:
2011-06-22 11:49:31
Tags:
Extrication
Folders:

Description:
Extrication
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Jbrand on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Come-a-long
    1 line
    2 line
    • 2,000 lb
    • 4,000 lb
  2. High lift jack
    Rated load-
    Tested load-
    Height-
    Useable lift-
    Rat
  3. AIR CHISEL
    ___ brand
    use-
    Regulated air pressure-
    Put oil in the___only. Not in the ______
    • Streeper
    • Cutting tool
    • 300 psi
    • barrel
  4. CHAINS
    Weight limits
    6,12,15
    j-hook
    Chains have __ with__
    • 3500,3500,7100,4700
    • Tag, limits attached to them
  5. Saws all
    Use-
    Volt-
    Blade-
    • Cutting (including laminated glass)
    • 18 or 24 volt
    • Bi-metal blade
  6. Hurst hydraulics
    Use-
    Citting, pushing, and pulling
  7. Hydro cutters
    Cutting force-
    @ center
    @ base
    Opening distance-
    • 60,000
    • 90,000
    • 6 in
  8. Hydro spreaders-
    Spreading force-
    Opening distance-
    • 16,000 @ tips
    • 32 in
  9. HYDRO RAM
    opening force-
    Closing force-
    Opening distance-
    • 15,708
    • 9,572
    • 22/36/60
  10. HYDRO COMBINATION
    spreading force-
    Cutting force-
    Opening distance-
    @ tips
    @ cutter
    • 13,000
    • 6,000
    • 16 in
    • 9 in
  11. Warning ____ bumpers can load at ___ and then suddenly release w/o warning
    • Shock absorbing
    • Impact
  12. The hatch will release ____ if the ____ is cut ____
    • Violently
    • Upper portion of the hatch meatal
    • Below piston attachment point
  13. Air bag propellants
    • Argon
    • Nitrocellulose
    • Sodium azide with potassium nitrate
  14. Air bags deploy in less than ____ once deployed the canister can remain at temps up to
    600°
  15. Some cars have as many as ___ airbags
    12
  16. When ____ a vehicle, look in the following places for ____ or ____ for the presence or location of supplemental restraint systems
    • Windsheild near vin#
    • Side window
    • Steering wheel
    • Across dash
    • Across roof rail
    • Down b post
    • Door panel
    • Side of seat
  17. Air bag abbreviations-
    SRS/AIRBAG/SIRS/SIR/SIPS/HPS/IC
  18. Batteries can be in multiple locations
    Trunk/fender wells/under hoods
  19. Capacitors can hold a charge for as long as
    30 min or more
  20. ____ can deploy air bags.
    Static shock
  21. ____ can back feed enough power to deploy airbags when ___
    Cell phones, handheld GPS, MPS players, and laptops
  22. Maintain __-__-__ rule with air bags
    • 5- side impact
    • 10- drivers side front impact
    • 20- passenger side front impact
  23. No __ inside the vehicle 5-10-20 zones at anytime
    Tools, equipment, or body parts
  24. The latest generation of airbags is called
    Duel action
  25. Airbags are designed to deploy when the temp inside the vehicle reaches ____ approach at __
    • 270°-350°
    • 45°
  26. If is safer to ___ rather than ___ you are less likely to hit ___ equipment mounted in the ___
    • Remove the entire roof
    • Flap a roof
    • Airbag
    • Roof rail
  27. Hybrid cars are ____ powered
    The ___ is for acceleration and the ___ maintains vehicle speed
    • Half gas have electric
    • Gas operation
    • Battery
  28. Battery cars depend Solely on ____
    Battery power
  29. Hybrid and electric cars normally have the batteries stored in
    The trunk or behind the back seat
  30. ____ wires indicate high voltage
    Orange
  31. _____ are key ingredients in NiMH battery
    Potassium hydroxide and sodium hydroxide
  32. The NiMH battery electrolyte PH is ___ if it gets on skin flush with ___ for at least ____
    • 13.5
    • Water
    • 20 min.
  33. Hydrogen cars:
    There is a ___ that produces the electricity used to propel the vehicle
    Electrical chemical property change
  34. Hydrogen cars:
    ___ are the by product
    Heat and water
  35. Hydrogen cars:
    This process is contained in a ___ to produce ____.
    • Fuel cell
    • High voltage electricity.
  36. ___ is the lightest element known to man. Therefor it ___ and ___. A small amount of ___ is produced when ignited and it creates ____
    • Hydrogen
    • Rises quickly and disapates
    • Radiant heat
    • No harmful by products of combustion.
  37. To explode hydrogen requires a fuel air mixture:
    • 2x that of propane
    • 4x that of gasoline
  38. Do this immediately when dealing with hydrogen and hybrid cars.
    Chock wheels
  39. ____ do not produce any noise with initial acceleration
    Hybrid and hydrogen cars
  40. Put the vehicle in park and remove the __ at least __. These vehicles can be equipped with __ and the vehicle will operate if the ___.
    • Key 25'
    • Smart keys
    • Key is within 25'
  41. The initial priority upon arrival is __ followed by __
    • scene stabilization
    • Vehicle stabilization
  42. Some hazardous conditions that determine scene safety are:
    • Traffic control
    • Powerlines
    • Hazardous cargo
    • Spills or leaks
    • unstable vehicles
    • Fire/explosive conditions
  43. Vehicle stabilization-
    Preventing any further movement w/o changing its original possition
  44. With vehicle in an UPRIGHT POSITION:
    3 points of contact using step chocks
  45. Gaining access:
    What should be done first
    Try ro open the vehicle doors
  46. If the doors are not able to be opened you must
    Break a window
  47. Laminated plate glass-
    Consist of two or more sheets of plate glass with a plastic film or laminate between each layer.
  48. Tempered glass-
    Produced to have great strength and when broken it fractures into small granules
  49. Windshield removal:
    Saws all method 1st step
    Puncture the window near the edge as starting point for saw
  50. Windshield removal:
    Saws all method 2nd step
    Using bimetal cutting blade cut around windshield edge
  51. Windshield removal:
    Saws all method 3rd step
    Have anouther member support the windshield with a gloved hand to prevent it from falljng onto patient
  52. Windshield removal:
    Saws all method 4th step
    Remove from action circle
  53. Windshield removal:
    Axe method 1st step
    This requires two members on each side of the vehicle
  54. Windshield removal:
    Axe method 2nd step
    Starting at top mid point of windshield "chop" from center to wards the A post and then down the A post to lower edge.
  55. Windshield removal:
    Axe method 3rd step
    Chop twice at lower edge and hand axe to oppisite member to repeat steps (suport the glass)
  56. Windshield removal:
    Axe method 4th step
    Fold windshield onto hood breaking laminate and remove from action circle
  57. Breaking tempered glass requires a:
    Great deal of pressure in a small area
  58. Use ___ to break tempered glass
    Axe, haligan, spring loaded center punch, or other device that will deliver the necessary force
  59. TEMPERED GLASS REMOVAL ___ STEPS FOR AXE AND HALIGAN __ is first for both
    • 2
    • Pt location to ensure your impact point is furthest possible point from pt
  60. TEMPERED GLASS REMOVAL: axe method
    2nd step
    Strike in such a fashion that the blade contacts mostly metal and the tip of the blade a tually breaks the glass
  61. TEMPERED GLASS REMOVAL: halogen method
    2nd step
    Strike in such a fashion that the pick contacts the glass and the bar will strike the post so it does not continue into the vehicle
  62. Door opening
    High-lift jack method
    step 1
    Make purchase point with haligan
  63. Door opening
    High-lift jack method
    step 2
    Place in window upside down apply pressure to opening
  64. Door opening
    High-lift jack method
    step 3
    Flat blade aginst nader pin the lock should roll off. Apply more pressure with jack if initial attemps are unsuccessful
  65. Door opening
    High-lift jack method
    step 4
    For d ring place blade behind backing plate and cut bolts
  66. Door opening
    Hydraulic method
    Latch side step 1
    step 1
    Place between roof rail and door, open, creating opening at door
  67. Door opening
    Hydraulic Method
    step 2
    Tunnel into opening to get tips behind door and aginst post. Open, forcing door open
  68. Door opening
    Hydraulic method
    Hinge side
    step 1
    Pinch front fender to expose hinges
  69. Door opening
    Hydraulic method
    Hinge side
    step 2
    Start with bottom hinge, Force door away from post
  70. Door opening
    Hydraulic method
    Hinge side
    step 3
    Move to top hinge and repeat
  71. Door opening
    Hydraulic method
    Hinge side
    The reason you start with bottom hinge is so:
    The door will force towards the ground last and not into open air
  72. Steering wheel displacement
    High lift jack method
    Step 1
    Purchase point under front of vehicle with j-hook and 15' chain
  73. Steering wheel displacement
    High lift jack method
    Step 2
    Pla e ladder crib centered with 2x4's perpendicular over fire wall
  74. Steering wheel displacement
    High lift jack method
    Step 3
    Wrap 15' cain minimum of 1 1/2 times and hook chain back to itself
  75. Steering wheel displacement
    High lift jack method
    Step 4
    Place high lift jack centered on ladder crib placing chain into hook.
  76. Steering wheel displacement
    High lift jack method
    Step 5
    Take up slack and operate jack to left steering wheel
  77. Steering wheel displacement
    Come-a-long method
    Step 1
    Find purchase point under front of car with j-hook and 6' chain
  78. Steering wheel displacement
    Come-a-long method
    Step 2
    Build sliding crib with 3 4x4's covering dasb and firewall
  79. Steering wheel displacement
    Come-a-long method
    Step 3
    Place oval ring from 12' cbain on top of sliding crib and wrap chain 1 1/2 times then attaching it to slack hook
  80. Steering wheel displacement
    Come-a-long method
    Step 4
    Anchor come-a-long to 6' pull ring and pull from oval on 12' chain
  81. Roof flap method
    Step 1
    Determine direction of flap typically front to back
  82. Roof flap method
    Step 2
    Cut post needed to make the flap.
  83. Roof flap method
    Step 3
    Cut into roof rail several inces on both sides to get past the curvature of the roof. These cuts will make a place to fold the roof back.
  84. Roof flap method
    Step 4
    Use air chisel to cut across the roof between roof rail cuts. Stop to allow 4-5 inches of metal to act as a hinge
  85. Roof removal method
    Step 1
    Cut all shoulder portions of involved seatbelts
  86. Roof removal method
    Step 2
    Cut all of the post. Stay away from all seat belt reinforcement areas
  87. Roof removal method
    Step 3
    Remove roof from extracation area
  88. Roof removal method
    Step 4
    Cover exposed post ends to protect aginst getting cut with sharp edges
  89. Dash roll/lift
    Hand tool method
    Step 1
    With chisel make relief cuts at base of A post at floor rail. Cut completely through metal
  90. Dash roll/lift
    Hand tool method
    Step 2
    Place high lift jack base at base of B post and extend jack so shelf catches A post at dash level
  91. Dash roll/lift
    Hand tool method
    Step 3
    Crib up to floor rail from ground level at jack base.
  92. Dash roll/lift
    Hand tool method
    Step 4
    Operate jack pushing dash up and away from pt
  93. Dash roll
    Hydraulic method
    Step 1
    Make relief cut at base of A post at floor rail. Cut completely through all metal.
  94. Dash roll
    Hydraulic method
    Step 2
    Place ram diagonal from floor rail to top hinge plate
  95. Dash roll
    Hydraulic method
    Step 3
    Use haligan tool or spreaders as base to keep ram from sliding.
  96. Dash roll
    Hydraulic method
    Step 4
    Crib from ground to floor rail at base of ram
  97. Dash lift
    Hydraulic method
    Step 1
    Make relief cut bebind where front shock attaches
  98. Dash lift
    Hydraulic method
    Step 2
    Make relief cut at base of A post at floor rail.
  99. Dash lift
    Hydraulic method
    Step 3
    cut out A post section usually above bottom hinge
  100. Dash lift
    Hydraulic method
    Step 4
    Crib up from ground to floor rail directly under A post
  101. Dash lift
    Hydraulic method
    Step 5
    Spread from floor rail to A post ensuring to apply pressure staight up
  102. Only displace the dash ...
    As far as necessary to free pt
  103. If the distance from A post to B post is greater than that of the high lift jack, use...
    Cribing to make up the difference in distance
  104. High pressure air bags
    Lifting capacity is determined by
    Length x width x psi
  105. High pressure air bags
    PSI =
    118 PSI use 100 PSI to simplify
  106. High pressure air bags
    Max lifting height is
    1/2 width
  107. High pressure air bags
    Bag will lift max weight
    1"
  108. High pressure air bags
    Bag will lift 1/2 it's max weight
    Full height
  109. High pressure air bags
    Bags can be stacked
    2 high
  110. High pressure air bags
    Locate manifold
    Well away from lift
  111. High pressure air bags
    If bags are stacked 2 high do not allow more than
    5° of tilt before stopping lift!
  112. Keep the ___ clear of all people
    45° danger area
  113. Do not use ____ on top of air bags
    Cribing or metal plates
  114. Low pressure air bags
    Lifting capacity is
    Marked on air bags
  115. Low pressure air bags
    Can lift___ than high pressure
    Higher
  116. Low pressure air bags
    Unable to ___ as high pressure
    As much weight
  117. Do not ___ low pressure air bags
    Stack
  118. High lift jack lift
    Step 1
    place J-hook on window rail on oppisite side that is to be lifted
  119. High lift jack lift
    Step 2
    Attach hook of 12' chain to J-hook
  120. High lift jack lift
    Step 3
    Pass pull ring to the side of car to be lifted
  121. High lift jack lift
    Step 4
    Using slack hook take up enough chain to place pull ring right at floor rail
  122. High lift jack lift
    Step 5
    Attach the hook off of the high lift jack to pull ring and lift jack while holding base to take up slack
  123. 3 steps
    door opening hydraulic method hinge side
  124. 5 steps
    • steering wheel displacement high lift jack
    • hydraulic method dash lift

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview