Foundations Final

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Foundations Final
2011-06-20 20:42:19
NU Foudations

Medical Terminology for the Foundations Final
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  1. R/O
    Rule Out
  2. NPO
    Nothing by mouth
  3. H&P
    History and Physical
  4. Tx
  5. Dx
  6. HPI
    History of Present Illness
  7. po
    route of oral medications
  8. OR
    place for surgery
  9. ad lib
    as desired
  10. SOAP
    progress note
  11. post op
    after surgery
  12. #
  13. prn
    as needed
  14. parenteral
    by injection
  15. pre-op
    before surgery
  16. STAT
  17. febrile
    elevated temperature
  18. syndrome
    set of symptoms characteristic of a particular disease or condition
  19. chronic
    developing slowly over time
  20. remission
    period on which symptoms stop
  21. etiology
    the study of the cause of a disease
  22. malignant
  23. prognosis
    probably outcome of a disease
  24. diagnosis
    name of a disease based on history, exam, and testing
  25. exacerbation
    increase in severity with aggravation of symptoms
  26. localized
    limited to a definite area or part
  27. bronchiectasis
    dilation of bronchus
  28. thoracoplasty
    surgical repair of the chest
  29. pneumonitis
    inflammation of the lung
  30. spirometry
    process of measuring breathing
  31. hypoventilation
    deficient movement of air in and out of the lungs
  32. eupnea
    normal breathing
  33. bradypnea
    slow breathing
  34. dyspnea
    difficulty breathing
  35. orthopnea
    inability to breathe except in an upright position
  36. apnea
    inability to breathe
  37. tachypnea
    fast breathing
  38. PEFR
    peak expiratory flow rate
  39. VC
    vital capacity
  40. TB
  41. CPR
    cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  42. COPD
    chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  43. PaCO2
    partial pressure CO2
  44. URI
    upper respiratory infection
  45. VT
    Tidal volume
  46. PFT
    pulmonary function testing
  47. PSG
  48. CPAP
    continuous positive airway pressure
  49. crackles
  50. wheezes
  51. pleurisy
  52. pneumoconiosis
  53. empyema
  54. hemothorax
  55. stetho
  56. sleep apnea
  57. hypocapnia
  58. rhino
  59. hypercapnia
  60. croup
  61. intercostal
    pertaining to between the ribs
  62. arthralgia
    joint pain
  63. myotomy
    incision in a muscle
  64. spondylosyndesis
    binding together of vertebrae
  65. arthrodesis
    fusion of joint
  66. leiomyoma
    smooth muscle tumor
  67. osteomalacia
    softening of bone
  68. spondylolisthesis
    slipping of a vertebra
  69. arthrograph
    x-ray of a joint
  70. osteotomy
    incision into bone
  71. epiphysitis
    inflammation of the ends of the long bones
  72. cervical
    pertaining to the neck
  73. bony necrosis
    dead bone tissue
  74. chondroma
    tumor of cartilage
  75. arthrosentesis
    puncture for aspiration of a joint
  76. osteoplasty
    repair or reconstruction of bone
  77. atrophy
    shrinking of muscle tissue
  78. tremor
    rhythmic muscle movement
  79. spasm
    involuntary muscle contraction
  80. rigidity
    stiff muscle
  81. spastic
    uncontrolled, stiff, and awkward muscle contractions
  82. hypertrophy
    increase in the size of a muscle
  83. flaccid
    flabby muscle
  84. tetany
    prolonged, continuous muscle contraction
  85. atherosclerosis
    buildup of fat
  86. infarct
    scar left by necrosis
  87. hypotension
    low blood pressure
  88. vegetation
    growth of tissue
  89. embolus
    traveling clot that obstructs when it lodges
  90. occlusion
    a plugging
  91. hypertension
    high blood pressure
  92. thrombus
    stationary clot
  93. constriction
  94. normotension
    normal blood pressure
  95. angina
    cramp in heart muscle
  96. claudication
    cramp in leg muscle
  97. ischemia
    loss of blood flow
  98. arteriosclerosis
    hard, nonelastic condition
  99. aneurysm
    bulging of a vessel
  100. PVC
    premature ventricular contraction
  101. PDA
    patent ducturs arteriosus
  102. ASHD
    arteriosclerotic heart disease
  103. ICD
    implantable cardioverter-defibrillator
  104. CHF
    congestive heart disease
  105. CAD
    coronary artery disease
  106. HTN
  107. MVP
    mitral valve prolapse
  108. MRA
    magnetic resonance angiography
  109. VSD
    ventricular septal defect
  110. congenital anomalies
    malformations of the heart present at birth
  111. arteriosclerosis
    thickening, loss of elasticity, and calcification (harening) or arterial walls
  112. arrhythmia
    irregularity or loss of rhythm of the heartbeat
  113. cardiomyopathy
    general term for disease of the heart muscle
  114. meningitis
    inflammation of the meninges
  115. diskectomy (discectomy)
    excision of a herniated disk
  116. Parkinson disease
    slowly progressive degeneration of nerves in the brain characterized by tremor, rigidity of muscles, and slow movements
  117. Babinski sign
    pathological response to stimulation of the plantar surface of the foot indicated by dorsiflexion of the toes
  118. paresthesia
    numbness and tingling
  119. coma
    state of unconsciousness
  120. spina bifida
    congenital defect of the spinal column resulting in pouching of spinal membranes
  121. Lou Gehrig disease
    amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  122. shingles
    herpes zoster
  123. LP
    spinal tap
  124. syncope
  125. tonic-clonic
    grand mal
  126. absence
    petit mal
  127. cerebral thrombus
  128. flaccid
  129. CVA
  130. Alzheimer disease
  131. PSG
    sleep study