Digestive Root Terms

Card Set Information

Author:
tchmura
ID:
91464
Filename:
Digestive Root Terms
Updated:
2011-06-24 14:21:02
Tags:
chp2 Digestive Root Terms
Folders:

Description:
Includes your mouth, stomach, intestines, liver, gallbladder and all parts in between. Digestive system provides for digestion (breaking up of food particles), absorption (drawing up of nutrients into the blood stream), and elimination of waste.
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  1. Root:

    chole (coal + lee)
    bile; gallbladder)

    • Medical Term:
    • cholecystectomy (gallbladder excision)
  2. Root:

    colon
    large intestine

    • Medical Term:
    • colitis (large intestine inflammation)
  3. Root

    emesis (emmy + sis)
    vomiting

    • Medical Term:
    • emetic (produces vomit)
  4. Root:

    entero (en + tear + oh)
    intestine

    • Medical Term:
    • enteritis (intestinal inflammation)
  5. Root:

    gastro (gas + tr + oh)
    stomach

    • Medical Term:
    • gastritis (stomach inflammation)
  6. Root:

    glosso (gloss + oh)
    tongue

    • Medical Term:
    • glossopathy (tongue disease)
  7. Root:

    hepat (he + pat)
    livere

    • Medical Term:
    • hepatitis (liver inflammation)
  8. Root:
    ile (ill + lee)
    ileum

    • Medical Term:
    • ileitis (ileum inflammation)
  9. Root:

    laparo (lap + uh + row)
    abdomen

    • Medical Term:
    • laparotomy (abdomen incision)
  10. Root:

    myxo (mix + oh)
    mucus

    • Medical Term:
    • myxoma (mucus tumor)
  11. Root:

    procto (prock + toe)
    anus; rectum

    • Medical Term:
    • proctology (study of diseases of the colon, rectum, and anus)
  12. Root:

    pyloro (pie + lore + oh)
    pylorus; gatekeeper

    • Medical Term:
    • pylorostenosis (pyloric narrowing)
    • holds in food until digested & ready to enter sm intestine
  13. Root:

    stoma (stow + muh)
    opening; mouth

    • Medical Term:
    • stomatitis (mouth inflammation)
    • term for artificial opening
  14. Root:

    viscero (v + is + ur + oh)
    body organs

    • Medical Term:
    • visceromegaly (enlarged abdominal organs)
  15. Onychomycosis
    nail + fungus + condition of

    Nail fungus infection
  16. Sarcoidosis
    flesh + like + condition of

    Disease of various tissues of the body
  17. Trichinosis
    hair (worm) + condition of (Roundworms were referred to as trichinae because the roundowrm resembled hair.)

    Meaning: Roundworms
  18. Gastroschisis
    Stomach + hernia

    Meaning: Stomach herniation
  19. Hepatomegaly
    liver + enlarged

    Meaning: Large liver

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