Chapter 5 Cardiovascular System

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Chapter 5 Cardiovascular System
2011-06-21 15:28:36
Intro Medical Terminology

Chapter 5 The Cardiovascular System
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  1. angi/o
    means vessel
  2. aort/o
  3. arteri/o
    means artery
  4. ather/o
    means plaque or fatty substance
  5. brady-
    means slow
  6. cardi/o
    means heart
  7. coron/o
    coronary, crown
  8. -emia
    means blood condition
  9. erythr/o
    means red
  10. hem/o, hemat/o
    means blood
  11. leuk/o
    means white
  12. phleb/o
    means vein
  13. tachy-
    means rapid
  14. thromb/o
    means clot
  15. ven/o
    means veins
  16. aneurysm
    a localized weak spot or balloon-like enlargement of the wall of an artery
  17. aneurysmectomy
    is the surgical removal of an aneurysm
  18. aneurysmorrhaphy
    means to suture an aneurysm
  19. angiitis

    aka: vasculitis
    the inflammation of a blood or lymph vessel
  20. angina pectoris
    severe episodes of spasmodic choking or suffocating chest pain
  21. angiocardiography
    a contrast medium and chest x-rays to visualize the dimensions of the heart and large blood vessels
  22. angiography
    is a radiographic (x-ray) study of the blood vessels after the injection of a contrast medium
  23. angionecrosis
    the necrosis (death) of the walls of the blood vessels
  24. angiostenosis
    the narrowing of a blood vessel
  25. antiarrhythmic
    administered to control irregularities of the heartbeat
  26. anticoagulant

    aka: thrombolytic agent
    slows blood clotting (coagulation) and prevents new clost from forming
  27. antihypertensive
    administered to lower blood pressure
  28. aplastic anemia
    is marked by an absence of all formed blood elements
  29. arrhythmia
    an irregularity or the loss of normal rhythm of the heartbeat
  30. arteriectomy
    surgical removal of part of an artery
  31. arteriosclerosis
    the hardening of the arteries, which reduces the flow of blood through these vessels
  32. arteritis
    inflammation of an artery
  33. atherectomy
    the surgical removal of plaque from the interior lining of an artery
  34. atheroma
    fatty deposit within the wall of an artery
  35. atherosclerosis
    hardening and narrowing of the arteries due to a buildup of cholesterol plaques
  36. basophils
    are formed in red bone marrow, promote the inflammatory response.
  37. bradycardia
    an abnormally slow heartbeat
  38. cardiac catheterization

    aka: (CC)
    a procedure in which a catheter is passed into a vein or artery and is guided into the heart
  39. cholesterol
    consists of lipids (fatty substances) that travel in the blood in packages called lipoproteins
  40. defibrillation

    aka: cardioversion
    is the use of electrical shock to restore the heart's normal rhythm
  41. diastolic
    which occurs whtn the ventricles are relaxed, is the lowest pressure against the walls of the blood vessels
  42. dyscrasia
    any abnormal or pathologic condition of the blood
  43. echocardiography
    an ultraconic diagnostic procedure used to evaluate the structures and motion of the heart
  44. electrocardiogram

    aka: ECG or EKG
    a record of the electrical activity of the myocardium
  45. embolism
    the blockage of a vessel by an embolus
  46. embolus
    a foreign object, such as a blood clot, quantity of air or gas, or a bit of tissue or tumor that is circulating in the blood
  47. endarterectomy
    the surgical removalof the lining of an artery that is clogged with plaque
  48. endocarditis
    an inflammation of the inner layer of the heart
  49. eosinophils
    are formed in red bone marrow, increase in response to allergic reactions
  50. erythrocytes

    aka: red blood cells (RBCs)
    are mature red blood cells
  51. fibrillation
    rapid, random, and ineffective contractions of the heart
  52. hemangioma
    a benign tumor made up of newly formed blood vessels
  53. hemochromatosis

    aka: iron overload disease
    is a genetic disorder in which the intestines absorb too much iron
  54. hemoglobin
    is the iron-containing pigment of the erthrocytes, transports oxygen from the lungs to the tissues of the body
  55. hemolytic anemia
    red blood cells are destroyed faster than the bone marrow can replace them
  56. hemostasis
    means to control bleeding
  57. homocysteine
    an amino acid normally found in the blood and used by the body to build and maintain tissues
  58. hypoperfusion
    a deficiency of blood passing through an organ or body part
  59. ischemia
    a deficiency in blood supply due to either the constriction or the obstruction of a blood vessel
  60. leukemia
    a malignancy characterized by a progressive increase of abnormal leukocytes
  61. leukocytes

    aka: white blood cells (WBCs)
    protect teh body against harmful invaders such as bacteria
  62. leukopenia
    an abnormal decrease in the number of white blood cells
  63. lymphocytes
    formed in red bone marrow, lymph nodes, and the spleen
  64. megaloblastic anemia
    the bone marrow produces megaloblasts
  65. monocytes
    formed in red bone marrow, lymph nodes, and the spleen
  66. myocardial infarction

    aka: heart attack or MI
    occlusion (closing off) of a coronary artery resulting in a infarct of the affected myocardium
  67. myocarditis
    an inflammation of the myocardium
  68. neutrophils
    which are formed in red bone marrow, are teh most prevalent type of WBC.
  69. palpitation
    a pounding or racing heart with or without irregularity in rhythm
  70. pericarditis
    an inflammation of the pericardium
  71. pernicious anemia
    anautoimmune disorder in which the red blood cells are abnormally formed, due to an inability to absorb vitamin B12
  72. phlebitis
    the invlamation of a vein
  73. phlebography
    the technique of preparing an x-ray image of veins injected with a contrast medium
  74. plaque
    similar to the buildup of rust inside a pipe, and it may protrude outward into the opening of the vessel or move inward into the wall of the vessel
  75. polyarteritis
    inflammation involving several arteries
  76. Raynaud's phenomenon
    consists of intermittent attacks of pallor (paleness), cyanosis (blue color), and redness of the fingers and toes
  77. septicemia

    aka: blood poisoning
    the presence of pathogenic microorganisms or their toxins in the blood
  78. systolic
    which occurs when the ventricles contract, is the highest pressure against the walls of the blood vessels
  79. tachycardia
    an abnorally fast heartbeat
  80. thrombocytes

    aka: platelets
    teh smallest formed elements of the blood
  81. thrombocytopenia

    aka: thrombopenia
    an abnormal decreased in the number of platelets
  82. thrombolytic
    mediacation administered to slow blood clotting and to prevent new clots from forming. (aka: anticoagulant)
  83. thrombosis
    an abnormal condition in which a thrombus develops within a blood bessel
  84. thrombus
    a blood clot attached to the interior wall of a vein or artery
  85. triglycerides
    cominations of fatty acids attached to glycerol that are also found normally in the blood in limited quanities
  86. valvoplasty
    the surgical repair of a heart valve
  87. valvulitis
    an inflammatory condition of the heart valve
  88. valvuloplasty
    is the surgical replacement of a heart valve
  89. varicose veins
    abnormally swollen veins usually occurring in the legs
  90. vasculitis
    inflammation of a blood or lymph vessel (aka: angiitis and vasculitis)