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a sense of concern among members of the political community about public, social, and political life, expressed through participation in socal and political organizations.
the process by which large numbers of people are organized for a political activity.
who established the right to vote in 19th and early 20th centuries?
the state's did with their policies because they were able to decide who could vote but the federal government imposed restrictions on them.
what is the motor voter act and what was its effect on voting
When people went to get there license, they could be registered to vote, it got more people registered, but didn’t make a noticeable impact
who participate in the motor voter act and how (pg. 291)
what is the gender gap
Women won the right to vote (1919-1920) but it wasn’t until 1980’s until people saw a difference in the polls and women starting voting and making a difference, women voted more dem, and men more rep.
know the relationship between public policy and public opinion
Public opinion shape and influence public policy
why are politicians more dependent on media coverage today
Use it to influence the public and inform them. They use it to there advantage.
how is local news coverage different from national news
NATIONAL- inclined to criticize and question.
LOCAL- accept the pronouncements of national leaders at face value
what is the most important source for news and why
Newspapers, Broadcast media rely on leading newspapers(New York Times, Washington Post) papers get the info first, broadcasters base there info off of newspapers. Newspapers provide more detailed and complete info. Prime source of news for educated and influential individuals
know the 3 major factors that affect media coverage and how they do it
EQUAL TIME RULE: requirement that broadcasters provide candiadates for the same political office equal opportunites to communicate their message to public.
RIGHT TO REBUTTAL: FCC requlation giving individuals the right to have the opportunity to respond to personal attacks tv and radio.
FAIRNESS DOCTRINE: FCC requirement for broadcast who air on programs on controversial issues to provide time for opposing views. The FCC ceased enforcing this doctrine in 1985.
what causes difference in political opinions.
Values and beliefs shapes a person’s opinion, political ideology is a philosophy about gov, attitude and opinion shapes certain issues
how are news leaks useful
prominent figures can manipulate news coverage and secure the publication of stories, to move higher up with there job
federal communication commission
2003, Set of rules corporations to expand their control of print and broad cast properties. Company would be allowed to own newspapers and TV stations that together could reach 45% of the national viewers. Single company would also be permitted to own the most important newspaper and as many as 3 TV and radio stations in single market effectively domination news coverage with in the market.
how can sampling errors be diminished
what are blogs and how are they used in a political context
Published online and generally feature personal opinion and commentary on national and world events. Most liberal and dem.
what has occurred to the american political community since the 1800's
more diversity in the voters and a wider spectrum of opinions
the south transitioned from democrat to republican with the last half-century. why
nationalization of the news
how did each group win the right to vote (blacks, women, 18-21 year olds)
BLACKS- Civil war, most could vote in the north, in the south the right to vote was established by the 15th amend.
WOMEN-1919,1920 with the 19th amend.
18-21 YEARS OLD- 1971, Vietnam war, 26TH amend was ratified, lowered the age from 21 to 18. Bc the demands from groups that had been deprived the right to vote, if they were going to war.
relationship between government and the media
media spins their takes on gov. roles to influence public
what do interest groups do to shape public opinion
an institution that relies heavily on voluntary contributions of time, effort, and interest on the part of its members
protests and the media
protesters try to capture media attention as a way to publicize their views and interests.
what does the supreme court say about campaign contributions
There’s a limit on how much you can give them(money)25-30,000. Per candidate.
the clinton and bush white houses and public opinion polling
who influences public opinion.
media-if an idea lacks or loses media appeal, its chance of resulting in new programs or policies is diminished.
on the other hand politicans can convince media members that certain issues are worthy of discussion.
the deciding factor on how people's opinions will be formed is based on how blame and credit is certain issues will be apportioned.
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